Josef Breitenbach (1896 – 1984) Part II

Je vous propose aujourd’hui de poursuivre la découverte de Josef Breitenbach. Cette fois-ci nous laisserons de côté ses influences surréalistes et nous admirons ses fabuleux portraits, et nus et quelques photographies de voyages .

[Je vous suggère de ne pas manquer le premier article qui complète ce dernier, et qui vous permettra d’avoir une vue d’ensemble de l’entendue de son oeuvre ]

En 1932, Breitenbach ouvre son premier studio de photographie. Ses clients étaient des membres éminents de la bohème de Munich, (y compris les acteurs et actrices de la scène dans le théâtre de Munich.)  qui était alors un bastion des défenseurs des libertés et des personnes raffinées. Mais ce  monde a disparu en 1933 avec la prise de pouvoir d’Hitler.Plus que ses racines juives, le passé politique du photographe fait de  lui une cible à persécuter.  En Août 1933, avec son passeport, Breitenbach arrive en France, rejoignant d’autres exilés Allemands qui cherchent refuge à Paris.

La «révolution» surréaliste allait alors devenir dominante dans la scène artistique parisienne. Peu après son arrivée, Breitenbach est entré en contact avec André Breton et son entourage. Préférant conserver son indépendance, il n’a jamais été un membre du groupe surréaliste, mais a participé à des expositions importantes de la photographie surréaliste aux côtés de Man Ray, Jacques-André Boiffard, Brassaï, Eli Lotar, Henri Cartier-Bresson, et Roger Parry.

Breitenbach n’a vécu à Paris  que six ans, jusqu’à ce que la guerre  éclate en 1939, et pourtant, pendant cette période , il a produit certains de ses travaux les plus inventifs.  (Il a adopté plusieurs techniques favorisées par de nouveaux photographes tels que la surimpression, le montage, la solarisation, l’impression en négatif, et le photogramme. Plus important encore, il était l’un des rares artistes des années d’avant-guerre à produire des photographies en couleurs, ce qu’il a fait en utilisant des procédés tels que le blanchiment, la tonification et la pigmentation.)

La guerre interrompit ce deuxième chapitre de la vie du photographe. Interné par les Français comme un étranger suspect, puis rédigé dans un corps civil composé d’étrangers, Breitenbach finalement échappé à la France  de Marseille en 1941 pour New York . Il parvient à retenir l’attention de Walker Evans, qui  publie ses travaux  dans Fortune .

À l’été 1944,  à l’invitation de Josef Albers,  Breitenbach enseigne la photographie au Black Mountain College.  En 1946, il est devenu un citoyen des États-Unis et a rejoint la faculté de la Cooper Union .

For a biography in English go down Article

 

Josef Breitenbach- Night, Paris (Edith Schultze-Westrum)c. 1935, Vintage gelatin silver print collage

Josef Breitenbach- Night, Paris (Edith Schultze-Westrum), 1935, Vintage gelatin silver print collage ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith Schultze-Westrum, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith Schultze-Westrum, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder and Paul Robeson, in Othello, Munich,  1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder and Paul Robeson, in Othello, Munich, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actressSybille Binder  Circa 1932, gelatin silver print, © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actressSybille Binder Circa 1932, gelatin silver print, © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach – Portrait of the actress Marianne Hoppe, 1933

Josef Breitenbach – Portrait of the actress Marianne Hoppe, 1933 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-  Sheila ,New York, 1942

Josef Breitenbach- Sheila ,New York, 1942 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Aktportrait, Paris, 1933-1939 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Aktportrait, Paris, 1933-1939. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of a lady, Munich, 1932,  Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of a lady, Munich, 1932, Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , Paris 1936

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , Paris 1936 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Edith d'Amara, 1932,  Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith d’Amara, 1932, Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Patricia, New York, 1942, Vintage toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Patricia, New York, 1942, Vintage toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- A Woman and Her Conscience, New York, 1945, Vintage toned gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- A Woman and Her Conscience, New York, 1945, Vintage toned gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Annabella, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Annabella, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-woman in costume of shiny material with cape and hood, 1930s

Josef Breitenbach- Woman in costume of shiny material with cape and hood, 1930s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sybille Binder, in fur coat. 1932

Josef Breitenbach-Sybille Binder, 1932 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait ofSchoura Alperin, 1934 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait ofSchoura Alperin, 1934 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1935 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1935 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Ruth Harris 1933-39 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Ruth Harris 1933-39 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Aristide Maillol, Marly-Le-Roy, 1934  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Aristide Maillol, Marly-Le-Roy, 1934 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of Man Ray, 1967, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of Man Ray, 1967, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst , 1938 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst , 1938 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Max Ernst and his wife, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Paris, 1936, Early gelatin silver print; printed c. 1942-1948 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Max Ernst and his wife, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Paris, 1936, Early gelatin silver print; printed c. 1942-1948 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-James Joyce, Paris , 1937

Josef Breitenbach- James Joyce, Paris, 1937 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Wassily Kandinsky, Neuilly-sur-Seine 1938

Josef Breitenbach-Wassily Kandinsky, Neuilly-sur-Seine 1938 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait  of the Actor Sacha Guitry, Paris, 1938, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the Actor Sacha Guitry, Paris, 1938, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Japanese female mask, fabric background], ca. 1940s

Josef Breitenbach-Japanese female mask, fabric background], ca. 1940s


Josef Breitenbach-Close-up of woman’s eye, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris,  1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris, 1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris,  1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris, 1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Standing Nude (Back), 1930-39, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Standing Nude (Back), 1930-39, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008


Josef Breitenbach, Dr. Riegler and J. Greno, Munich, 1933

Josef Breitenbach, Dr. Riegler and J. Greno, Munich, 1933  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach.Dr. Riegler and J. Greno - Munich,1933 Photogravure on wove paper

Josef Breitenbach.Dr. Riegler and J. Greno – Munich,1933 Photogravure on wove paper © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008


Josef Breitenbach - Self-Portrait with J. Greno ,1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach – Self-Portrait with J. Greno ,1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Female Nude posing, , Nd,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Female Nude posing, , Nd,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-soft-focus bust of nude woman holding grapes, Paris, . 1933

Josef Breitenbach- Soft-focus bust of nude woman holding grapes, Paris, 1933   © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sonja, Munich, 1930-33, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Sonja, Munich, 1930-33, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Female nude sitting on blanket,  1935, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Female nude sitting on blanket, 1935, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-standing female nude - front view, furnishings, 1932

Josef Breitenbach- Standing female nude – front view, furnishings, 1932 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -untitled, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-We New Yorkers, 1942 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Electric Back, New York, 1949  toned gelatin silver print , montage © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Electric Back, New York, 1949 toned gelatin silver print , montage © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Medical Illustration, New York, 1949 Aus einer Serie für McCalls Magazine © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Medical Illustration, New York, 1949 Aus einer Serie für McCalls Magazine © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Emerging Torso, 1942-48, toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Emerging Torso, 1942-48, toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Adirondacks, , 1948,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Adirondacks, , 1948,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-  Portraits with Make Up,model Patricia & Josef Breitenbach,  New York, 1945, Vintage gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portraits with Make Up,model Patricia & Josef Breitenbach, New York, 1945, Vintage gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-  Woman Transformed, model Patricia, New York  1942

Josef Breitenbach- Woman Transformed, model Patricia, New York 1942 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -Morning, 1950

Josef Breitenbach -Morning, 1950 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach - Nu, 1950s

Josef Breitenbach – Untitled, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , 1950s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled ,Nude, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait, Paris, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait, Paris, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , 1935  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , Germany, Munich, 1932

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , Germany, Munich, 1933  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Akt, München, 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Nu, Germany, Munich, , 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-nude girl lying in gras, 1950s

Josef Breitenbach-nude girl lying in gras, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Nude woman in the river,New York, 1953, , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Nude woman in the river,New York, 1953, , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair lying on side on grass, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair lying on side on grass, USA, 1961  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-back view of female nude with long dark hair lying curled on grass, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-back view of female nude with long dark hair lying curled on grass, USA, 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-back of female nude with long dark hair, seated outdoors on branching log, Sept. 1961

Josef Breitenbach-back of female nude with long dark hair, seated outdoors on branching log, USA, Sept. 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass, full length with feet at left, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitlrd (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass, full length with feet at left), USA, 1961  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Untitled ,  (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass,) USA , 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach – Untitled , (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass,) USA , 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -buttocks and back of female nude with long dark hair, kneeling outdoors, , 1961

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled (Buttocks and back of female nude with long dark hair,kneeling outdoors), USA, 1961. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass , USA  1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass) ,USA ,1961.           © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass , USA  1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (emale nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass), USA ,1961.            © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach -back of female nude bending over in water, Sept. 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled (Back of female nude bending over in water), USA, Sept 1961. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Les années 1950 et 1960 ont été des années d’intense activité pour Breitenbach.  Il a fait reportage photographique en Asie pour les Nations Unies et d’autres entreprises variées, documentant le travail des secours.

Il exposera ses photographies largement dans les Etats-Unis à partir des années 1940 jusqu’au milieu des années 1960, notamment au Museum of Modern Art et le Metropolitan Museum of Art

Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,woman curled on side in dried grass,  1952 Korea or Japan

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (woman curled on side in dried grass), Korea or Japan , 1952 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- nude woman in black, Tokyo, 1953, Chromogenic print. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- nude woman in black, Tokyo, 1953, Chromogenic print. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Sleeping Japanese Girl, Japan, 1968.        © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sleeping Japanese Girl, Japan, 1968. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Dancing in the Streets (Bon Odori), Kyoto, 1956

Josef Breitenbach- Dancing in the Streets (Bon Odori), Kyoto, 1956 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Eels and octopus. Pusan, Korea, 1953

Josef Breitenbach-Eels and octopus. Pusan, Korea, 1953 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-India, Construction Worker, Bombay, 1960

Josef Breitenbach-India, Construction Worker, Bombay, 1960  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-  Woman Transformed, New York  1942

Josef Breitenbach- Woman Transformed, New York 1942  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-Mother with Sick Child, Patan, Nepal,Nepal, Patan, 1968, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

You can see more on Gitterman Gallery

Des portraits du photographe par des anonymes ici  sur wordpress sur le blog  A la loupe

  Voir les résultats des actions le concernant sur Mutualart

Conseil de lecture  :

Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach: by Josef Breitenbach Photographs and text (in German) by Josef Breitenbach. Essays (in German) by Peter C. Jones, and Others , Published on the occasion of the 1996-1997 exhibition Josef Breitenbach: Photographien at the Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg Halle and the Fotomuseum im Münchner Stadtmuseum, Ed° Schirmer-Mosel, 1996

Munich, Paris, New York Paperback – 2003 by Josef and Paul Berlanga, Exhibit Catalogue, edition Stephen Daiter Gallery, 2003

Josef Breitenbach » by Larisa Dryansky, Editions de l’Amateur, 2001

Cover of the Book "Josef Breitenbach" by Larisa Dryansky,  Editions de l'Amateur, 2001

Cover of the Book « Josef Breitenbach » by Larisa Dryansky, Editions de l’Amateur, 2001

 English Bio

Josef Breitenbach was born on the 3rd of April 1896. He attended Ludwig-Maximillian University in Munich (philosophy and art history, 1914 to 1917) and became active in the Youth Section and later the Pacifist wing of the Social Democratic Party. In 1918, he took part in the Soviet-inspired Bavarian coup d’état, which was the first spark of the revolutionary fire that swept over Germany in the wake of the armistice. For a few months, Breitenbach also occupied an official position in the new government. Although the revolution was short-lived, the ties he forged with the radical circles of Munich’s intelligentsia later helped him establish his reputation as a photographer.

In 1932, Breitenbach opened his first photographic studio. His clients were prominent members of Munich’s bohemia, including actors and actresses performing in the Munich theater. Munich was a stronghold of libertarians and refined people, whose spirit Breitenbach captured in theatrical portraits of his friend, the journalist Theo Riegler. This world vanished in 1933 with Hitler’s takeover.

More than his Jewish roots, the photographer’s political past made him a target for persecution. In August, 1933, with his passport , Breitenbach made his way to France , joining other German exiles seeking refuge in Paris.

The Surrealist “revolution” had by then become dominant in the Parisian art scene. Soon after his arrival, Breitenbach came into contact with André Breton and his circle. Preferring to retain his independence, he never became a member of the Surrealist group, but did show work in important exhibitions of Surrealist photography alongside Man Ray, Jacques-André Boiffard, Brassaï, Eli Lotar, Henri Cartier-Bresson, et Roger Parry.

Breitenbach only lived in Paris for six years, until the war broke out in 1939. During this period, he produced some of his most inventive work. He adopted several techniques favored by new photographers such as superimpression, montage, solarization, printing in negative, and the photogram. More importantly, he was one of the rare artists of the pre-War years to produce color photographs, which he did by using processes of bleaching, toning and pigmentation. Examples are the images “Montparnasse”, or Forever and Ever.

During his years in Paris, he was also an active member of the German exile community, which alerted the democratic world to the threat of fascism. He participated in the 1938 exhibition by the Union des Artistes Allemandes Libres, “Five Years of Hitler Dictatorship”. A high point for Breitenbach was his collaboration with Bertolt Brecht, summarized by portraits of the playwright. The war interrupted this second chapter of the photographer’s life. Interned by the French as a suspicious alien, then drafted into a civilian corps composed of foreigners, Breitenbach eventually escaped to New York from Marseille in 1941.He came to the attention of Walker Evans, who published his work in Fortune. In the summer of 1944, at the invitation of Josef Albers, Breitenbach taught photography at Black Mountain College. In 1946 he became a United States citizen and joined the faculty at Cooper Union and later The New School. Breitenbach continued to create distinctive and innovative work, including a striking group of camera-less photographs. These works hover in the liminal space between Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. The 1950s and 1960s were years of intense activity for Breitenbach. He did photographic reportage in Asia for the United Nations and other varied businesses, documenting relief work. He exhibited his photographs extensively in the United States from the 1940s to the mid-1960s, including at the Museum of Modern Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

I proposed today to browse some facets Josef Breitenbach left us behind. This was mainly the result of the encounter with the Surrealists and accompanied throughout his adventure. Through his portraits, montages , collage, photogram , naked, and some memories , moreover

Bernard Leedham

For the  really sympathic James…. many thanks for all , your vision your words and your support.

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

Bernard Leedham- Nude, 1920

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print Study of mouvement , 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print Study of mouvement , 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1929

 

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Bernard Leedham The Sun Goddess, 1930

Bernard Leedham The Sun Goddess, 1930

 

Bernard Leedham nude study Le Globe - Gravure printed by Braun & Cie - France in 1933

Bernard Leedham nude study Le Globe – Gravure printed by Braun & Cie – France in 1933

Bernard Leedham nude study 'The Watch, 1930

Bernard Leedham nude study ‘The Watch, 1930

Bernard Leedham (British) -Vintage nude study -Gelatine silver print, 1930

Bernard Leedham- Etude de nu artistique, 1930

Bernard Leedham- Nude study, c 1920

Mario von Bucovich

Mario von Bucovich (16 February 1884 – 30 November 1947) was also known as Marius von Bucovich. He was born at Pula in the Istrian region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and held the title of Baron. His father, August, Freiherr von Bucovich, was a former Corvette Captain in the Austro-Hungarian navy and later an entrepreneur in the railroad concession sector. His mother was Greek.

Despite the wide circulation of his photographs (to the present day) and popularity of his publications (from the 1920s to the 40s), there has been limited interest in Mario von Bucovich in the history of photography, which may reflect a somewhat ungenerous assessment. Although much of his work was conventional, he was a creative and talented photographer. He also took the initiative to produce books of his photographs dedicated to New York and various European cities. In a privately published volume of 1935, intended simultaneously to de-mystify and elevate photography, Bucovich expressed his views on photography and his own practice of the craft. But he reveals almost nothing of a personal nature. Both authors of this article, before learning of each other’s work—coming from German Studies and Jewish Studies, respectively—were struck by the disparity between the quantity and quality of the material legacy of Mario von Bucovich, and the lack of a substantial biography.

He worked primarily in Germany in the 1920s and 30s, as well as traveled to France and England. In his published work he was most noted for his urban studies with a focus on streetscapes, but his studio work undertaken at the Atelier Karl Schenker was often of entertainment personalities of Weimar period stage and screen. Amongst his most notable books were Berlin, Das Gesicht Der Stadt (Berlin, Portrait of a City) and Paris (with a forward by Paul Morand). The Paris book included photos by Germaine Krull. The Berlin book published originally by Albertus Verlag, a publishing house he founded in 1928, had a forward written by the author Alfred Döblin.

He had a base in Berlin during his most productive years between the wars, being linked to the Atelier Schenker. During the late 1920s his photos appeared across the gamut of German photo journalism including the titles: Der Querschnitt, Uhu, Die Dame, Die neue Linie, Das Magazin, Skizzen, Welt-Magazin, Kölnische Illustrierte Zeitung, Revue des Monats, Das Kriminalmagazin, Das Leben, Das Kunstblatt, Farbe und Form, Das deutsche Lichtbild, Deutscher Kamera Almanach, Die Reklame, Der Photo-Freund.

He moved to New York during the 1930s where he worked for a publishing house on 41st Street. In his American period he published two photographic essays, Washington D.C. City Beautiful and Manhattan Magic. A Collection of Eighty-Five Photographs. He moved to Mexico and was working there through at least the early part of that decade, until his death on 30 November 1947 in a traffic accident in Mexico City.

His work was shown at major photography salons of the day, including the Fourth International Exhibition of Pictorial Photography at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, the Third International Exhibition of Pictorial Photography Seattle Camera Club, and the 15th and 16th Annual Pittsburgh Salon of Photographic Art at the Carnegie Institute.

His work is in the collections of the New Orleans Museum of Art, the National Museum of Mexican Art and the National Gallery of Canada.

He photographed Marlene Dietrich and Leni Riefenstahl (in her days as a dancer, preceding her career as a film director). His views of Girona in Spain taken in 1933 were published in the National Geographic magazine. The Berliner Morgenpost in 2009 described him as « one of the great unknown photographers of 20th Century European photography ».

Mario von Bucovich’s wife, Marie, was also a photographer. source wilkipedia

 

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich -Naakt rencontré masker en werd Berlin 1927 de la bookVoluptuous Panic Le monde érotique de Weimar Berlin, Feral House, 2000. photo courte

Mario von Bucovich -Naakt rencontré masker en werd Berlin 1927 de la bookVoluptuous Panic Le monde érotique de Weimar Berlin, Feral House, 2000. photo courte

Mario Von Bucovich-'Naakt avec un masque "et était Berlin 1927

Mario Von Bucovich-‘Naakt avec un masque « et était Berlin 1927

Mario von Bucovich

Mario von Bucovich

Mario von Bucovich

Mario Buchovich- Reclining nude 1935

Mario Buchovich- Reclining nude 1935 Vintage toned matte gelatin silver print

Mario von Bucovich- Female nude in shoes holding a fur stole. 1927. Vintage toned matte gelatin silver print

Mario de Bucovich- Nude 1927

Mario de Bucovich- Nude 1927

Mario de Bucovich -Repose, Study ,Photoengraving,1935

Mario von Bucovich- Nude, 1920

Mario von Bucovich- Nude, 1920

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) - (1884-1934) - Untitled (Nude), 1920

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) – (1884-1934) – Untitled (Nude), 1920

Mario von Bucovich- Nude, 1920

Mario von Bucovich- Nude, 1920

Mario v. Bucovich - Portrait de femme et sculpture, Épreuve argentique, 1928. Ader Nordmann

Mario v. Bucovich – Portrait de femme et sculpture, Épreuve argentique, 1928. Ader Nordmann

Mario de Bucovich - Leni Riefenstahl, Age 25, 1927

Mario de Bucovich – Leni Riefenstahl, Age 25, 1927

Mario von Bucovich- Hilde Zimmermann, la reine de la mode allemande published in Revue Des Monats, Avril 1927

Mario von Bucovich- Hilde Zimmermann, la reine de la mode allemande published in Revue Des Monats, Avril 1927

Mario von Bucovich-Incognito publiée dans la revue Des Monats, Janvier, 1928

Mario von Bucovich-Incognito publiée dans la revue Des Monats, Janvier, 1928

MARIO BUCOVICH – Study of Two Heads, Barcelona , 1935, Photoengraving

MARIO BUCOVICH – Peggy, Barcelona , 1935, Photoengraving

Mario Buchovich- Mrs Mary Booker, London, 1935

Mario Buchovich- Kneeling,Photoengraving,1932

Mario Buchovich- Miss Merle Oberon ,Photoengraving,1935

Mario Buchovich- Nude with Murano Vase ,Photoengraving,1935

Mario Buchovich- Mrs. Mary Booker, London ,Photoengraving,1935

Alois Zych (1874 – 1943)

Alois Zych ajoué un rôle important dans la promotion de la photographie tchèque moderne. Bien qu’il n’ai ne soit pas devenu  lui-même un photographe professionnel, il a été très influent dans le mouvement de la photographie amateur et il fût malgrè  tout un des premier Tchèque à être exposé individuellement .

En 1908, il a co-fondé le Club de photographes amateurs de Prague. Les membres de ce club sont par exemple  R. A. Šimon, J. Imlauf, J. Srp, A. Myška, F. Oliverius, Diviš J., D. J. Růžička, J. S. Krofta, J. Jeníček, P. Koblic, Johann A., J. Pelech, J. Voříšek, Anders J. et L. Sitenský.

Alois Zych a « gagné » sa reconnaissance surtout pour ses images érotiques uniques. Plus tard il trouvera aussi une reconnaissance pour ses photographies de paysages et en tant que promoteur de la photographie de l’histoire nationale. tchèque.

Alois Zych - study , Prague, 1933

Alois Zych – study , Prague, 1933

Alois Zych - Loi Studies, 1929 ( bon)

Alois Zych – Loi Studies, 1929

Alois Zych- Dvojakt, around 1930

Alois Zych- Akt , 1912-1915

Alois Zych- Akt , 1912-1915

Alois Zych Bez názvu Akt , vers 1920s (2)

Alois Zych Bez názvu Akt , vers 1920s

Alois Zych- Bez názvu,( untitled) 1928

Alois Zych- Bez názvu,( untitled) 1928

Alois Zych- Akt, 1930

Alois Zych- Akt, 1930

Alois Zych- Nude ,1930

Alois Zych- Akt ,1927

Alois Zych- Akt ,1927

Alois Zych-portrét, 1932

Alois Zych- Zátiší, (Still Life), 1929

Alois Zych- Zátiší, (Still Life), 1929

Alois Zych-Untitled, 1930

 

Alois Zych-Akt III, 1930

Alois Zych-Untitled, 1930

Alois Zych-Untitled, 1930

Alois Zych- nude study, 1934

Alois Zych-Akt 1931

Alois Zych- Nude Study 12,1926

Alois Zych- Untitled ,1927

Alois Zych- Study,1920–1929

Alois Zych- Study,1920–1929

Alois Zych- around 1914

Alois Zych- nude study, around 1914

Bibliographie « Alois Zych Dvacet Aktu [Twenty Nudes], Prague Rozhledy fotografa Amatera, , 1926 . text ( an essay on nude photography)  by Vladamir Fanderlik.

John Gutmann Part 2

« John Gutmann (1905–1998) was one of America’s most distinctive photographers. Born in Germany where he trained as an artist and art teacher, he fled the Nazis in 1933 and settled in San Francisco, reinventing himself as a photo-journalist. Gutmann captured images of American culture, celebrating signs of a vibrant democracy, however imperfect. His own status as an outsider—a Jew in Germany, a naturalized citizen in the United States—informed his focus on individuals from the Asian-American, African-American, and gay communities, as well as his photography in India, Burma, and China during World War II. Gutmann’s interests in painting and filmmaking, his collections of non-Western art and artifacts, and his pedagogy, all figure in a body of work at once celebratory and mysterious.

Gutmann was born to prosperous German-Jewish parents, in Breslau, Germany (since 1945, Wrocław, Poland). At age twenty-two, he graduated from the regional Academy of Arts and Crafts, where he studied with leading Expressionist painter Otto Müller. In 1927 Gutmann moved to Berlin, where he taught art to schoolchildren, participated in group exhibitions, and in 1931 had a solo show at the prestigious Gurlitt Gallery. However, his career was interrupted by the rise to power of the National Socialists in early 1933. While his family made plans to immigrate to New York, Gutmann set out on his own with San Francisco as his destination, and photography as his new profession. Before departing Germany, he acquired a Rolleiflex camera, hastily shot three rolls of film, and managed to secure a contract from the Berlin office of Presse-Photo. Making the most of a bad situation, he explored a new life as a foreign correspondent who would supply the very modern European illustrated press with views and reports from the American West.

By 1936, he had broken his contract with the Berlin press agency and made a new one with Pix in New York. By 1937, he had begun to teach art regularly at San Francisco College (later San Francisco State University), and this became his primary profession after a World War II era stint in the U.S. army. Gutmann retired his professorship in 1973 and began to reassess his body of work, sorting through boxes of negatives and making new prints of selected examples from the 1930s. It was a well-timed exercise: not only did Gutmann’s images satisfy a growing historical appetite for Depression-era photography, they also seemed compatible with certain kinds of experimental photography then emerging in the contemporary art scene. Before his death in 1998, Gutmann had seen his work featured in gallery and museum exhibitions, catalogues, and monographs.

By bequeathing his rich archive of nearly 5000 modern photographic prints, negatives, tearsheets, letters, and some drawings and early art prints to the CCP, John Gutmann has left us with the task of pursuing the rich knots, braids, tangles and threads in his complex life and work that unfolded over a most tumultuous and provocative century of modernity  » By ccp

John Gutmann-Arm-Breast Abstract, 1935

John Gutmann-Arm-Breast Abstract, 1935 click on for full size

John Gutmann-Naked Save the Veil,1939

John Gutmann-Naked Save the Veil,1939

John Gutmann-Naked Breasts, Covered Face, 1939

John Gutmann-Naked Breasts, Covered Face, 1939

John Gutmann-Her Breasts in My Robe, 1937

John Gutmann-Her Breasts in My Robe, 1937

John Gutmann-Two Nudes Attracted,1937

John Gutmann-Two Nudes Attracted,1937

John Gutmann-Lesbian Foreplay, 1937

John Gutmann-Lesbian Foreplay, 1937

John Gutmann-Love Play, 1937

John Gutmann-Love Play, 1937

John Gutmann- elevation ,1935

John Gutmann- elevation ,1935

John Gutmann-Two Beauties, 1935

John Gutmann-Two Beauties, 1935

John Gutmann-Striped Sweater on Blanket, Oregon, 1934 -

John Gutmann-Striped Sweater on Blanket, Oregon, 1934

John Gutmann-Obsessive Fixation, 1935

John Gutmann-Obsessive Fixation, 1935

John Gutmann-Light Through Shades on Ruthie, 1935

John Gutmann-Light Through Shades on Ruthie, 1935

John Gutmann-Upside-Down Nude in Studio, 1937

John Gutmann-Upside-Down Nude in Studio, 1937

John Gutmann-Profile Torso,1937

John Gutmann-Profile Torso,1937

John Gutmann-Celestial Body, 1935

John Gutmann-Celestial Body, 1935

John Gutmann-Woman-Body, 1935

John Gutmann-Woman-Body, 1935

John Gutmann-Breast and Steel, 1934

John Gutmann-Breast and Steel, 1934

John Gutmann-Nude on Studio Couch, Contacts on Wall, 1935 -

John Gutmann-Nude on Studio Couch, Contacts on Wall, 1935 –

John Gutmann-Billy on My Couch, 1935

John Gutmann-Billy on My Couch, 1935

John Gutmann-Nude on Couch, 1937

John Gutmann-Nude on Couch, 1937

John Gutmann-Long Hair, 1937 - Copie

John Gutmann-Long Hair, 1937

John Gutmann-Looking Down at Nude Akiko, 1934

John Gutmann-Looking Down at Nude Akiko, 1934

John Gutmann-Sex and Crime,1935

John Gutmann-Sex and Crime,1935

John Gutmann-Eyes, 1939

John Gutmann-Eyes, 1939

John Gutmann-Irene in Pillbox Cowled, 1939

John Gutmann-Irene in Pillbox Cowled, 1939

John Gutmann-Eye of Seduction, 1939

John Gutmann-Eye of Seduction, 1939

John Gutmann-Young Eyes, Flowers for the Prom, 1940

John Gutmann-Young Eyes, Flowers for the Prom, 1940

John Gutmann-In the Background-The Pimp, New Orleans, 1937

John Gutmann-In the Background-The Pimp, New Orleans, 1937

John Gutmann-Li in Round Hat, 1937

John Gutmann-Li in Round Hat, 1937

John Gutmann-Laura, 1934

John Gutmann-Laura, 1934

John Gutmann-Beautiful Vanessae, 1935

John Gutmann-Beautiful Vanessae, 1935

John Gutmann-Friedel, Berlin, 1935

John Gutmann-Friedel, Berlin, 1935

John Gutmann-Memory of Friedel, Berlin, 1937

John Gutmann-Memory of Friedel, Berlin, 1937

John Gutmann-Phenomenal Self Portrait, 1937

John Gutmann-Phenomenal Self Portrait, 1937

John Gutmann-Red Hair Adorned, 1939

John Gutmann-Red Hair Adorned, 1939

John Gutmann-Sweet Ruthie,1935

John Gutmann-Sweet Ruthie,1935

John Gutmann-Billy, Singer and WPA Actress, 1935

John Gutmann-Billy, Singer and WPA Actress, 1935

John Gutmann-Veiled Profile,1941

John Gutmann-Veiled Profile,1941

John Gutmann-Cup of Coffee and Cigarette, 1950

John Gutmann-Cup of Coffee and Cigarette, 1950

John Gutmann-Very Close Profile,1962

John Gutmann-Very Close Profile,1962

John Gutmann-The Stare, 1939

John Gutmann-The Stare, 1939

John Gutmann-The Cry, 1939

John Gutmann-The Cry, 1939

John Gutmann-Innocence, Young H.B. Through the Broken Glass of a Window, 1939

John Gutmann-Innocence, Young H.B. Through the Broken Glass of a Window, 1939

John Gutmann-Self Portrait,Sick, 1934

John Gutmann-Self Portrait,Sick, 1934

John Gutmann-Death Trap, Self Portrait 1936

John Gutmann-Death Trap, Self Portrait 1936

John Gutmann-Phenomenal Self Portrait, 1937

John Gutmann-Phenomenal Self Portrait, 1937

John Gutmann-Protoplasmic Self Portrait, 1937

John Gutmann-Protoplasmic Self Portrait, 1937

John Gutmann-Self Portrait,Sick, 1934

John Gutmann-Self Portrait,Sick, 1934

John Gutmann-The Dream, 1935

John Gutmann-The Dream, 1935

John Gutmann-Shrug of the Shoulder,1935

John Gutmann-Shrug of the Shoulder,1935

John Gutmann-Portrait of a Chinese Opera Actor in Female Roles, 1939

John Gutmann-Portrait of a Chinese Opera Actor in Female Roles, 1939

John Gutmann-Striped Sweater on Blanket, Oregon, 1934

John Gutmann-Striped Sweater on Blanket, Oregon, 1934

John Gutmann-Hats, New York, 1987

John Gutmann-Hats, New York, 1987

John Gutmann-The Ancestor1970

John Gutmann-The Ancestor1970

John Gutmann-Corridor of the Catacombs, Guanajuato, Mexico, 1960

John Gutmann-Corridor of the Catacombs, Guanajuato, Mexico, 1960

John Gutmann-Mummies in the Catacombs of Guanajuato, Mexico, 1960

John Gutmann-Mummies in the Catacombs of Guanajuato, Mexico, 1960

John Gutmann-Mexican Women and Nuns Worshipping, 1960

John Gutmann-Mexican Women and Nuns Worshipping, 1960

John Gutmann-Self-Portrait with Lady Day, 1989

John Gutmann-Self-Portrait with Lady Day, 1989

John Gutmann-Self Portrait with Nitro Patch, New York, 1989

John Gutmann-Self Portrait with Nitro Patch, New York, 1989

See also the first article

Elio Luxardo (1908-1969)

Elio Luxardo- Nudo, c. 1937

 

Elio Luxardo- Sinuose armonie (Sinuous harmonies) , 1936

« The history of the Luxardos began in the first years of the 20th century when the young photographer Aldo Luxardo decided to leave Pise (Pisa) and set his lens on far objects: America. Alfredo, with his wife Margherita, stopped at S. Paul in Brazil – country that will mark the destiny of the whole Luxardo family. His subject changed, from the American myth to the Amazonian tribes: group photos and portraits developed and printed in absolute empirical ways. In Brazil his three children were born: Elio, Elda and Aldo. In 1928 Alfredo Luxardo returned in Italy where he took over the photo studio Sam Bosch (Photographer of the Royal House) in via XX Settembre. Here began the history of the liaison Rome-Luxardo.The three children, Elio, who previusly joined the Experimental Center of Cinematography, Aldo and Elda worked in their father’s studio. It was the thirties and the famous studio in via del Tritone fixed some features that developped a following and signed a epoch. Diffuse lights, combined with reflexes, dark settings and light cuttings that carved faces and designed bodies. In few words the Myth of Beauty was born, the cult of the body. The studio was populated of divas and sports champions, intellectuals and artists, from Pirandello to Marinetti, from Assia Noris to Isa Miranda, from Valentina Cortese to Alida Valli, to the world champion Primo Carnera. In the postwar period there was a cooperation with the « Folie de Broadway » and than the beginning of the contest Miss Italia from which came celebrities like Loren and Lollobrigida. The Dolce Vita – the intense friendship with Federico Fellini – movies like « Poveri ma Belli » (« Poor but Beautiful »), actors like Mastrianni and Gassmann. These were the images of the sixties. The last dream of Elio Luxardo has been Sperlonga, where he retired to live. On the Mediterranean coast, the photographer looked for the lights and colors of the native country, but in vain. He died in 1969 at the age of 59. His brother Aldo continued to work alone in the family studio – that his sister Elda left marrying the producer Argento, father of the director, Dario. But the recall of the land of origin became stronger and stronger and, at the end, Aldo decided to go back to Brazil. » Luxario gallery

Elio Luxardo -Nudo femminile , 1932

Elio Luxardo -Nudo femminile , 1932

Elio Luxardo -Nudo femminile , 1932

Elio Luxardo -Nudo femminile , 1932

Elio Luxardo -Nudo femminile , 1932

Elio Luxardo -Nudo femminile , 1932

Elio Luxardo - Nudo femminile, 1940s

Elio Luxardo – Nudo femminile, 1940s

Elio Luxardo- Nudo, 1935

Elio Luxardo- Nudo, 1935

Elio Luxardo – Nudo femminile N.2 – 1935

 

Elio Luxardo-Nudo femminile N. 3 - 1935

Elio Luxardo-Nudo femminile N. 3 – 1935

Elio Luxardo-Nudo femminile N. 4 – 1935

Elio Luxardo - Nudo di donna, ca. 1930, Galleria Luxardo, Roma

Elio Luxardo – Nudo di donna, ca. 1930, Galleria Luxardo, Roma

Elio Luxardo- Nudo femminile, Roma, 1940

Elio Luxardo- Nudo femminile, Roma, 1940

Elio Luxardo- Nudo con drappo, 1937

Elio Luxardo- Sin titulo, c.1930~1950

Elio Luxardo- Sguardo in fiore, (Look in bloom) 1939

Elio Luxardo- Ritratto,c.1930~1950

Elio Luxardo- Ritratto, c.1930~1950

Elio Luxardo- Confessione nd

Elio Luxardo- Aria, 1941

Elio Luxardo- Silhouette, 1939-40

Elio Luxardo- Nudo femminile , 1940

Elio Luxardo- Nudo femminile , 1940

Elio Luxardo - nudo 1940s

Elio Luxardo – nudo 1940s

Elio Luxardo – Girandole di fuoco, (Laura Nucci), 1939

Elio Luxardo – Girandole di fuoco, (Laura Nucci), 1939

Elio Luxardo - Marisa Maresca, 1955

Elio Luxardo – Marisa Maresca, 1955

Elio Luxardo – Marina Maresca, 1955

Elio Luxardo - Portrait of the photographer Ghitta Carell, 1955

Elio Luxardo – Portrait of the photographer Ghitta Carell, 1955

Elio Luxardo Doris Duranti Luxardo Mazzota fotografia L’italica Bellezza Turroni (Giuseppe), 1960 Gabriele Mazzotta editore

Elio Luxardo Doris Duranti Luxardo Mazzota fotografia L’italica Bellezza Turroni (Giuseppe), 1960 Gabriele Mazzotta editore

Elio Luxardo- Isa Barzizza,from Luxardo Mazzota fotografia L’italica Bellezza Turroni (Giuseppe), 1960 Gabriele Mazzotta editore

Elio Luxardo- Isa Barzizza,from Luxardo Mazzota fotografia L’italica Bellezza Turroni (Giuseppe), 1960 Gabriele Mazzotta editore

Elio Luxardo Ritratto femminile 1950′s

Elio Luxardo Ritratto femminile 1950′s

Elio Luxardo- Doris Duranti,1940

Elio Luxardo- Doris Duranti,1940

Elio Luxardo- L'attrice Marisa Maresca,1955

Elio Luxardo- L’attrice Marisa Maresca,1955

Elio Luxardo - Isa Pola “La signora dell’Oves

Elio Luxardo – Isa Pola “La signora dell’Oves

Elio Luxardo -Germana Paolieri, 1937

Elio Luxardo -Germana Paolieri, 1937

Elio Luxardo- ritrato per conecorso, 1941

Elio Luxardo- ritrato per conecorso, 1941

Elio Luxardo- Giungla Luxardo Mazzota fotografia L’italica Bellezza Turroni (Giuseppe), 1960 Gabriele Mazzotta editore

Elio Luxardo- Giungla Luxardo Mazzota fotografia L’italica Bellezza Turroni (Giuseppe), 1960 Gabriele Mazzotta editore

Elio Luxardo - Pamela Palma' 1940

Elio Luxardo – Pamela Palma’ 1940

Elio Luxardo, Modella indossa un abito nero con paillettes fuma, Italia, 1948

Elio Luxardo, Modella indossa un abito nero con paillettes fuma, Italia, 1948

Elio Luxardo- L'Italia Bellezza, 1950

Elio Luxardo- L’Italia Bellezza, 1950

Elio Luxardo- Valentina Cortese, 1950

Elio Luxardo- Valentina Cortese, 1950

Elio Luxardo- Valentina Cortese, 1950

Elio Luxardo- Valentina Cortese, 1950

Elio Luxardo -Portrait of a lady, ca. 1940

Elio Luxardo -Portrait of a lady, ca. 1940

Elio Luxardo - Una soubrette , 1945

Elio Luxardo – Una soubrette , 1945

Elio Luxardo-Leda Gloria, 1940

Elio Luxardo-Leda Gloria, 1940

 

Elio Luxardo - Bellezza Italica, ca. 1930 Vintage gelatin silver print Galleria Luxardo, Roma

Elio Luxardo – Bellezza Italica, ca. 1930 Vintage gelatin silver print Galleria Luxardo, Roma

Elio Luxardo - Bellezza Italica, ca. 1930 Vintage gelatin silver print Galleria Luxardo, Roma

Elio Luxardo – Bellezza Italica, ca. 1930 Vintage gelatin silver print Galleria Luxardo, Roma

Elio Luxardo biographie

More gallery

 

 

Yasuzo Nojima (1889 – 1964)

Yasuzo Nojima (1889 – 1964) est bien connu pour ses contributions au monde la photographie  en tant qu’artiste , éditeur et galeriste.  Il a contribué à élever le statut de la photographie comme un art au Japon dans les années 1930. Il a publié le magazine Koga périodique en 1932. Ce magazine fût le premier consacré à la photographie moderne au Japon et le premier à présenter  les photographes japonais au reste du monde.

Il est l’une des figures les plus importantes de l’histoire de la photographie japonaise moderne, Son travail allant de Kaiga shugi shashin (La photographie picturale) à Shinko shashin ( La nouvelle photographie ) du début du XXe siècle .Nojima a introduit une nouvelle esthétique photographique au Japon, qui s’est concentré sur les qualités techniques et esthétiques de la photographie dans son propre droit, plutôt que comme une imitation de peintures.

Nojima était aussi connu comme un amateur d’art passionné et défenseur de l’art contemporain de son temps,  et tout naturellement il ouvre une galerie appelée «Kabutoya Gado» (1919-1920) à Tokyo, à ses frais, en organisant des expositions d’œuvres , mais aussi des rencontres d’ artistes, surtout ceux de la Shirakaba-ha (White Birch Groupe), un mouvement littéraire qui comprenait des artistes tels que peintres renommés Umehara  Ryuzaburo (1888-1986) et Kishida  Ryūsei (1891-1929). Il était ce qu’on peut qualifier de guide pour tous ces artistes.

Les premiers travaux de Nojima, qui étaient  des gravures gomme bichromatique , plus tard ses natures mortes et ses nus, toujours doux ,se feront en tirages argentiques mais seront plus frappantes dans leurs formes simples et directs.

Ses premières œuvres de Nojima sont caractérisés par une densité et le lourd écho  du pictorialisme, basées sur sa sensibilité subtile allié au processus d’impression de pigments (méthode d’impression la plus courante de l’époque).

Dans les années 1930, son style prend un tournant radical sous l’influence des nouvelles tendances de la photographie allemande, se déplaçant vers  la gélatine d’argent dans la poursuite d’une forme d’expression qui est unique dans le milieu.

Le magazine de photographie Kōga (Photos légères; 1932-1933), qu’ il co-fonde avec  Nakayama Iwata (1895-1949) et Kimura (1901-1974 ), que  Nojima a principalement financé , a joué un rôle extrêmement important dans le développement ultérieur de « Shinko shashin » ( La nouvelle photographie ) en introduisant les  théories importantes de la photographie arrivant de l’étranger et en fournissant une plateforme indispensable pour une jeune génération de photographes.
Nojima était aussi connu comme un amateur d’art passionné et défenseur de l’art contemporain de son temps,  et tout naturellement il ouvre une galerie appelée «Kabutoya Gado» (1919-1920) à Tokyo, à ses frais, en organisant des expositions d’œuvres , mais aussi des rencontres d’ artistes, surtout ceux de la Shirakaba-ha (White Birch Groupe), un mouvement littéraire qui comprenait des artistes tels que peintres renommés Umehara  Ryuzaburo (1888-1986) et Kishida  Ryūsei (1891-1929). Il était ce qu’on peut qualifier de guide pour tous ces artistes.

Je vous présente les œuvres des tirages bromoil  à ceux de la gélatine d’argent , pas forcément dans l’ordre chronologique, je n’ai choisi que quelques œuvres des années 1910-20, préférant son travail des années 1930 et 1940… ceci reste tout à fait exhaustif. par exemple vous pouvez trouver des photographies de paysages de lui.

 Les photographies sont issues du Livre Yasuzo Nojima. Photographies de Yasuzo Nojima.  AKAAKA Art Publishing, 2009. 

Yasuzo Nojima - Nude from Rear, 1930

Yasuzo Nojima – Nude from Rear, 1930

Yasuzo Nozima-Nude Torso, 1930 bromoil print

Yasuzo Nozima-Nude Torso, 1930 bromoil print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nojima- Title unknown (Model F.) , 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Title unknown (Model F.) , 1931

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre ,1931 bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre ,1931 bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre ,1931 bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre ,1931 bichromate print

Yasuzo Nojima- Title unknown (Model F.) , 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Title unknown (Model F.) , 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Title unknown (Model F.) , 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Title unknown (Model F.) , 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Title unknown (Model F.) , 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Title unknown (Model F.) , 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Une jeune Fille , 1931_

Yasuzo Nojima- Une jeune Fille , 1931_

Yasuzo Nozima-Miss T. , 1931

Yasuzo Nozima-Miss T. , 1931

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1932

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1932

Yasuzo Nozima-Legs ,1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nozima-Legs ,1931 bromiol print

Yasuzo Nojima- Portrait (Model F.), 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Portrait (Model F.), 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Portrait (Model F.), 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Portrait (Model F.), 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Portrait (Model F.), 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Portrait (Model F.), 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Face (Model F.), 1931_e

Yasuzo Nojima- Face (Model F.), 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Face, 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Face, 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Model E , 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Model E , 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Femme assise fumant, 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Femme assise fumant, 1931

Yasuzo Nojima- Miss Chikako Hosokawa, 1932

Yasuzo Nojima- Miss Chikako Hosokawa, 1932

Yasuzo Nojima - Miss Chikako Hosokawa, 1932

Yasuzo Nojima – Miss Chikako Hosokawa, 1932

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1932

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1932

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1930 gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1930 gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-Portrait ., 1930

Yasuzo Nozima-Portrait ., 1930

Yasuzo Nozima-Portrait , 1923

Yasuzo Nozima-Portrait , 1923

Yasuzo Nozima-Portrait de Mr. S., 1921

Yasuzo Nozima-Portrait de Mr. S., 1921

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre , 1920 gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre , 1920 gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima- Woman Combing Her Hair, 1914

Yasuzo Nozima- Woman Combing Her Hair, 1914

Yasuzo Nozima-Woman , 1920 gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-Woman , 1920 gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1921gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1921gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-Woman , 1918gum bichromate print_

Yasuzo Nozima-Woman , 1918 gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-Standing Woman , 1917gum bichromate

Yasuzo Nozima-Standing Woman , 1917 gum bichromate

Yasuzo Nozima-femme nue, 1921gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-femme nue, 1921gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-femme nue de dos , 1921gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-femme nue de dos , 1921 gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1921 1gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1921 gum bichromate print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931-32

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1931-32

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Seins, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Seins, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Seins I, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Seins I, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans tire double exposition, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans tire double exposition, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1933

Yasuzo Nozima-sans titre , 1933

Yasuzo Nozima-Portrait, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Portrait, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1932 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1932 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme nue de dos, 1932 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme nue de dos, 1932 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1933 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1932 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1932 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1932 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme, 1932 gelatin silver print

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme au miroir , 1933

Yasuzo Nozima-Femme au miroir , 1933

Yasuzo Nojima- model F, 1933

Yasuzo Nojima- model F, 1933

Yasuzo Nojima- Portrait à la cigarette, nd (1930's)_e

Yasuzo Nojima- Portrait à la cigarette, nd (1930’s)

Yasuzo Nojima- Model K , 1937

Yasuzo Nojima- Model K , 1937

Yasuzo Nojima- Model K , 1938

Yasuzo Nojima- Model K , 1938

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre , 1938

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre , 1938

Yasuzo Nojima- Style life, 1933

Yasuzo Nojima- Style life, 1933

Yasuzo Nojima- Model K, 1937

Yasuzo Nojima- Model K, 1937

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre deux jeunes femmes aux chapeaux , 1938

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre deux jeunes femmes aux chapeaux , 1938

Yasuzo Nozima- Miss Tazue Sato, Karuizawa, 1939

Yasuzo Nozima- Miss Tazue Sato, Karuizawa, 1939

Yasuzo Nojima -Miss S, 1939

Yasuzo Nojima -Miss S, 1939

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre , 1939

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre , 1939

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre 1941

Yasuzo Nozima-Sans titre 1941

Yasuzo Nozima- sans titre 1940

Yasuzo Nozima- sans titre 1940

Yasuzo Nozima- Ginreika (Loosestrife) 1940

Yasuzo Nozima- Ginreika (Loosestrife) 1940

Yasuzo Nozima- Ginreika (Loosestrife) 1941

Yasuzo Nozima- Ginreika (Loosestrife) 1941

Yasuzo Nozima- Ginreika (Loosestrife) 1941

Yasuzo Nozima- Ginreika (Loosestrife) 1941

Yasuzo Nojima- Model K , 1951

Yasuzo Nojima- Model K , 1951

cover book

cover book Portrait of Yasuzo Nojima