Arnold Genthe- Isadora Duncan

 

Arnold Genthe -Isadora Duncan ,1910s

Arnold Genthe -Isadora Duncan ,1910s

Duncan, Isadora  by Arnold Genthe.,1916  [Irma Duncan Collection.]

Duncan, Isadora by Arnold Genthe.,1916 [Irma Duncan Collection.]

Duncan, Isadora  by Arnold Genthe ,1916.[ collection Mary Fanton Roberts.]

Duncan, Isadora by Arnold Genthe ,1916.[ collection Mary Fanton Roberts.]

 

 

 

Arnold Genthe- an Isadora Duncan’s dancers , 1915

Arnold Genthe- an Isadora Duncan's dancers  , 1915

Arnold Genthe- an Isadora Duncan’s dancers , 1915

Isadora Duncan (1877 – 1927)

Elle dansait pieds nus, refusait le mariage, méprisait les conformismes, entendait vivre libre et “sans limites” selon sa devise. Véritable provocatrice, passionnée, audacieuse, bohème, Isadora Duncan a révolutionné la danse, bousculé les conventions de la danse classique académique dont elle rejetait les codes et les règles strictes en prônant une danse inspirée par la mythologie grecque et un retour à la symbiose du corps et de la nature. Vêtue de tuniques selon la mode de la Grèce Antique, Isadora a créé un style chorégraphique basé sur l’improvisation. “Une relation permanente, absolue et universelle, unit la forme au mouvement ; c’est là l’unique grand principe sur lequel je prétends m’appuyer car une même unité rythmique court à travers toutes les manifestations de la nature. L’eau, le vent, les plantes, les êtres vivants, les particules de la matière elle-même obéissent à ce ryhtme souverain dont la ligne principielle est  l’ondoiement. la nature ne suggère nulle part des sauts ou des ruptures, il existe entre tous les états de la vie une continuité, un courant que le danseur doit respecter dans son art s’il ne veut pas devenir un pantin dénué de toute beauté. Chercher dans la nature les formes les plus belles et découvrir le mouvement qui exprime l’âme de ces formes, voilà la mission du danseur.” (1916, extrait du livre, La Danse de l’avenir, Isadora Duncan, éditions Complexe, 2003) Véritable prêtresse de la modernité, elle n’a jamais caché son attirance pour le communisme  et la révolution russe en dansant sur l’Etude révolutionnaire de Chopin vêtue d’une tunique rouge. Elle a même tenté d’ouvrir une école populaire à Berlin, puis Paris et Moscou. Mais  de sa vie entre les studios d’artistes de Londres, Paris, Berlin, en passant par la Grèce et des voyages en forme d’épopée antique et les grands palaces, ses amours difficiles et torturés avec l’acteur anglais Craig Gordon, le milliardaire paris Singer ou encore le poète Serge Essenine, on ne retient finalement de sa vie que sa fin tragique. Celle que l’on surnommait “Isadorable” est morte le 14 septembre 1927 dans une Bugatti, étranglée par son écharpe. “La liberté de la femme” “Si mon art devait être symbolique de quelque chose, ce serait de la liberté de la femme et de son émancipation vis-à-vis des préjugés qui sont la lice et la trame du puritanisme de la Nouvelle-Angleterre. Exposer son corps est un geste artistique, le dissimuler revient à commettre une vulgarité. Lorsque je danse, je ne fais pas appel aux instincts les plus bas de l’humanité comme le font, aux spectacles de variétés, vos filles à demi-nues. (…) La nudité est authentique, c’est de la beauté, c’est de l’art. C’est pourquoi elle ne peut jamais être ni vulgaire ni immorale. Si ce n’était pour avoir chaud, je ne porterais jamais de vêtements. Mon corps est le temple de mon art. (…) Le corps est beau, il est réel, il est vrai, il est libre. Il devrait susciter la vénération, non la répugnance car l’artiste est tout entier, corps et âme, dévoué à l’art. Quand je danse, je me sers de mon corps comme un musicien de son instrument, un peintre de sa palette et de ses pinceaux ou comme un poète des images issues de son imagination. Parce que je veux fondre mon image et mon corps en une seule et même image de beauté, je refuse de m’envelopper dans des vêtements gênants, de m’entraver les membres ou de couvrir la gorge. (…)”

Isadora Duncan 1922, {extrait du livre, La Danse de l’avenir, Isadora Duncan, éditions Complexe, 2003, pp. 104-105.}

tous  les articles sur Isadora

Antoine Bourdelle (1861-1929) Isadora, 1909, Plume et encre violette sur papier vélin_e

Antoine Bourdelle (1861-1929) Isadora, 1909, Plume et encre violette sur papier vélin_e

Antoine Bourdelle (1861-1929) Isadora, 1909, Plume et encre violette sur papier vélin

Antoine Bourdelle (1861-1929) Isadora, 1909, Plume et encre violette sur papier vélin

Anonyme -Isadora sur la plage à Venise, 1903 -1905

Anonyme -Isadora sur la plage à Venise, 1903 -1905

Jean Limet- Isadora Duncan danse en l’honneur de Rodin, 30 juin 1903

Jean Limet- Isadora Duncan danse en l’honneur de Rodin, 30 juin 1903

Emile Antoine Bourdelle – Isadora Duncan, 1910s

Emile Antoine Bourdelle – Isadora Duncan, 1910s

Raymond Duncan (1874-1966),Isadora dansant au Parthénon, 1904

Raymond Duncan (1874-1966),Isadora dansant au Parthénon, 1904

Studio Elvira -Isadora Duncan, 1903

Studio Elvira -Isadora Duncan, 1903

Hof-Atelier Elvira, München- Isadora Duncan,1904 Irma Duncan Collection

Hof-Atelier Elvira, München- Isadora Duncan,1904 Irma Duncan Collection

Paul Berger- Isadora Duncan, 1908

Paul Berger- Isadora Duncan, 1908

Statuette de W. Schott -Isadora Duncan, (photogrphy no credit given.)

Statuette de W. Schott -Isadora Duncan, (photogrphy no credit given.)

Isadora Duncan, {photograph, no credit give}

Isadora Duncan, {photograph, no credit give}

Duncan, Isadora - cabinet photograph by Gessford.  [Irma Duncan Collection.] (1908)

Duncan, Isadora – cabinet photograph by Gessford. [Irma Duncan Collection.] (1908)

Bruwn brothers – Isadora Duncan, 1899

Bruwn brothers – Isadora Duncan, 1899

Bruwn brothers – Isadora Duncan, 1899 tryptique

Bruwn brothers – Isadora Duncan, 1899 tryptique

Edward Steichen (1879-1973) -Isadora Duncan sous le portique du Parthénon à Athènes, 1920 Toulon, musée d’Art

Edward Steichen (1879-1973) -Isadora Duncan sous le portique du Parthénon à Athènes, 1920 Toulon, musée d’Art

Otto- Duncan, Isadora Duncan with her children, Deirdre,1912 Irma Duncan Collection.

Otto- Duncan, Isadora Duncan with her children, Deirdre,1912 Irma Duncan Collection.

Studio Apeda- Isadora Duncan’s pupils and adopted daughters, Irma, Anna and Erica Duncan, known as the Isadorables, 1916

Studio Apeda- Isadora Duncan’s pupils and adopted daughters, Irma, Anna and Erica Duncan, known as the Isadorables, 1916

Arnold Genthe. – The “Isadorables,” students of Isadora Duncan, 1916

Arnold Genthe – The “Isadorables,” students of Isadora Duncan, 1916

Arnold Genthe- The “Isadorables,” students of Isadora Duncan 1917  Irma Duncan Collection.

Arnold Genthe- The “Isadorables,” students of Isadora Duncan 1917 Irma Duncan Collection.

Studio Apeda- Isadora Duncan dancers, 1917

Studio Apeda- Isadora Duncan dancers, 1917

Studio Apeda- The Isadorables, students of Isadora Duncan, circa 1917

Studio Apeda- The Isadorables, students of Isadora Duncan, circa 1917

Edward Steichen- The Russian Pupils of Isadora Duncan - Reaching Upward , 1929

Edward Steichen- The Russian Pupils of Isadora Duncan – Reaching Upward , 1929

Edward Steichen-The Russian Pupils of Isadora Duncan - Circular Arrangement ,1929

Edward Steichen-The Russian Pupils of Isadora Duncan – Circular Arrangement ,1929

Duncan was born in the United States but lived in Western Europe for the majority of her life, and essentially formed the basis of American Modern Dance. In a time when the traditional forms of dance and movement, particularly when it cam to ballet, were heavily indoctrinated, Duncan broke free by emphasising dance that was in touch and comfortable with the body and performed in unrestricted clothing and/or barefoot.

Duncan began dancing at a young age when her and her sisters taught dancing lessons to San-Franciscan children in order to bring in money for their mother who had divorced their father in 1880. When she was 22 she decided to move to London and then France and within two years she was beginning to make a name for herself. In 1909 she had enough money to open up her own dance school in a two story apartment which is also where she lived. Duncan’s theory for dance incoporated a much less institutionalised methodology as she focused on free and natural movements inspired by Ancient Greek Dance, folk dancing, nature and natural forces and incorporated an American emphasis on athleticism.

By 1924, after a brief stint in Moscow and a few years performing in and around Europe, Duncan opened up three new dancing schools: one in Grunewald (Germany), one in Paris and one in Moscow.

Duncan was very radical for a woman caught in the turn of the century. She was a fan of Communism, bisexual and had two children out of wedlock and to different men. Her daughter Dierdre (born September 24, 1906) and her son Patrick (May 1, 1910) both died in a car crash in 1913. Not long after it was rumoured that Duncan was in a relationship with Eleanor Duse (an Italian actress), something that has never been proven. In 1922 she married a Russian poet, Sergei Yesenin who was 18 years younger than her. His alcoholism brought her negative publicity and a year after they married he was institutionalised in a mental hospital, commiting suicide in 1925.

Duncan’s money troubles, alcoholism and scandalous love life are said to be the cause of her diminishing talent later in life as she moved from hotel to hotel across Paris and the Mediterranean, running up huge debts.

Duncan died on September 14, 1927. She was a passenger in a car driven by her rumoured lover, Benoît Falchetto a French/Italian mechanic. Duncan was always fond of long scarves and the one that was wrapped around her neck became caught in the spokes of the wheels causing her to be pulled out of the car on to the road with enough force so that she was probably killed instantly.

Sources : http://www.artnet.fr/magazine/expositions/deschodt/duncan.asp http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/

Arnold Genthe Some nudes

Arnold Genthe - Modern Nude in Transparency, 1920 Silver Nitrate Camera

Arnold Genthe – Modern Nude in Transparency, 1920 Silver Nitrate Camera

Arnold Genthe. Carolyn m Pierson, 1928

Arnold Genthe. Carolyn m Pierson, 1928

Arnold Genthe -  Nude in Transparency, 1920 Silver Nitrate Camera

Arnold Genthe – Nude in Transparency, 1920 Silver Nitrate Camera

 

Arnold Genthe - Nude 1929 Arnold Genthe - nude 1929 Silver Nitrate Camera

Arnold Genthe – Nude 1929 Arnold Genthe – nude 1929 Silver Nitrate Camera

Arnold Genthe-Allegretto, Nude woman in dance pose., 1910

Arnold Genthe-Allegretto, Nude woman in dance pose., 1910

 

Arnold Genthe -Torso Study, 1920

Arnold Genthe -Torso Study, 1920

Arnold Genthe - nude Modern ballet  1929.

Arnold Genthe – nude Modern ballet 1929.

Arnold Genthe -Two nudes ( Irma Duncan dancers) March, 1929

Arnold Genthe -Two nudes ( Irma Duncan dancers) March, 1929

Arnold Genthe -the model as  the statue , late 1920

Arnold Genthe -the model as the statue , late 1920

Arnold Genthe- Lee Miller, 1920s

Arnold Genthe- Lee Miller, 1920s

Arnold Genthe- Lee Miller, 1920s

Arnold Genthe- Lee Miller, 1920s

 

Arnold Genthe -Mildred Gillars( aka Axis Sally), 1910

Arnold Genthe -Mildred Gillars( aka Axis Sally), 1910

Arnold Genthe -Martha Graham, 1928

Arnold Genthe -Martha Graham, 1928

Arnold Genthe- The dancer Arnold Genthe, 1921

Arnold Genthe- The dancer  Desha Delteil, 1921

 

Arnold Genthe - Desha and Leah dancing , 1921._e

Arnold Genthe – Desha and Leah dancing , 1921.

Arnold Genthe -Violet Marcellus dancing,1918_e

Arnold Genthe -Violet Marcellus dancing,1918

 

Arnold Genthe - The dance, allegro [Model, Hilda, 1918-21

Arnold Genthe – The dance, allegro [Model, Hilda], 1918-21

Arnold Genthe -Irene Marcellus,( Ziegfeld Follies girl) 1920s

Arnold Genthe -Irene Marcellus,( Ziegfeld Follies girl) 1920s

 

Arnold Genthe -four nude dancers in a Grecian tableau from the troupe of Marion Morgan Dancers, March 1922

Arnold Genthe -four nude dancers in a Grecian tableau from the troupe of Marion Morgan Dancers, March 1922 [The Marion Morgan Dancers was a troupe of predominantly female dancers founded and led by Marion Morgan  who performed interpretative dances based on classical legends and antiquity. they appeared nearly 1916 ]@ New-York Historical Society

Arnold Genthe -four nude dancers in a Grecian tableau from the troupe of Marion Morgan Dancers, March 1922

Arnold Genthe -four nude dancers in a Grecian tableau from the troupe of Marion Morgan Dancers, March 1922 [The Marion Morgan Dancers was a troupe of predominantly female dancers founded and led by Marion Morgan  who performed interpretative dances based on classical legends and antiquity. they appeared nearly 1916 ]@ New-York Historical Society

Arnold Genthe. Mme Erna carise with dog, 1928

Arnold Genthe. Mme Erna Carise with dog, 1928

Les autochromes

Arnold Genthe-  Marion Morgan Dancers 1906-17

Arnold Genthe- Marion Morgan Dancers 1906-17

Arnold Genthe- Ruth St. Denis , 1919

Arnold Genthe- Ruth St. Denis , 1919