Karl F. Struss (1886 – 1981)

La réputation de Karl Struss (1886 – 1981) s’est faite lorsque Alfred Stieglitz choisi son travail en 1910 pour le  Salon International de Photographie picturale et par la suite pour le publier publié au sein du celèbre Camera Work en 1912.

Après avoir étudié avec Clarence White, ( avec qui il a travaillé sur la photographie de nu) et collaborer avec  Stieglitz , Karl Struss s’ installe  dans un studio en 1914. Il se spécialise dans le portrait, la publicité, et illustration de magazine. En 1919, Il ‘installe à Hollywood et  devient cameraman de Cecil B. DeMille. Il deviendra plus tard l’un des premiers cinéastes de la génération des fimls dits artistique tels que  Ben Hur (1925) et Sunrise (1927), pour lequel il a reçu le premier prix de l’Académie de la cinématographie.

Ses nus  représentent un changement radical par rapport aux photographies de  paysages architecturaux qui ont défini Sruss comme l’un des plus grands photographes de photo-sécessionniste du XXe siècle, mais ouvrent la voie aux générations futures de photographes de nu.

Publié & parF. Kotausek New York Cit en 1917 est un Portfolio de 48  images, comme l’indique  le titre. Certaines photos sont estampillées avec « Photo prise par Nicholas Muray » ( formidable photographe de la même époque) au verso, je vous indiquerai lesquelles ( avec les liens vers les musées attestant du fait.  Dans Female Figure Struss présente des études de nus, dont la majorité sont  tonalité sepia , mais quelques-unes sont été tirées à l’aide du processus expérimental de couleur Hess-Ives : une première tentative afin d’opérer des séparations de couleurs grâce à l’utilisation de  filtres colorés. Dans ces photographies, Karl Struss abandonne les propriétés du portrait de studio de routine et utilise un appareil photo 4×5 pouces afin  de créer un sentiment d’urgence et de mouvement. La série Female Figure  a libéré le corps de la femme des contraintes vestimentaires et du mouvement « classique », suggérant un retour à la nature.

En raison de sa technique, de nombreuses expositions ont été laissés un peu floue. Toutes les photos représentées dans Female Figure sont contre un mur ou en tissu (toile de fond), parfois drapé dans de la gaze transparente, tenant parfois un objet.

Bien que l’inspiration de M. Struss pour la figure féminine ne soit pas  claire, on soupçonne qu’il a été clairement influencé par le mouvement de la danse moderne, qui, s’est avéré extrêmement populaire auprès des photographes picturales de l’époque. En 1916, Karl Struss a travaillé pour la Compagnie d’opéra Metropolitan et le Ballet Russe, photographiant divers artistes.
Alors que Female Figure  a contribué à établir la norme pour la photographie de nu, elle passa sous contrôle judiciaire pendant cette période. En fait, l’éditeur de Struss a été menacé de poursuites pour distribution de pornographie.   Peu de temps après, les nus de grands artistes comme Frantisek Drtikol, Edward Weston, Man Ray et deviendraient des piliers de l’histoire du nu. mais Karl Kruss est donc le pionnier de cette nouvelle approche.

Il fût aussi très connu en tant que cinéaste des années 1900 aux années 1950 et a également été l’un des premiers pionniers de films en 3-D.

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Nude in Profile with Arms Outstretched), 1917  published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Nude in Profile with Arms Outstretched), 1917 published in 48 photographs of the female

 From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

 From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female Karl Struss -Nude Kicking,  1917

From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female Karl Struss -Nude Kicking, 1917 ( format impression individuelle)

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Nude in Profile Walking like an Egyptian), 1917  published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Nude in Profile Walking like an Egyptian), 1917 published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss -  A Costumed Dancer,  1917

Karl F. Struss – A Costumed Dancer, 1917

Karl F. Struss Nude Draped in Gauze, plate 32 from the Series, The Female Figure, 1917

Karl F. Struss Nude Draped in Gauze, plate 32 from the Series, The Female Figure, 1917 here  other version

Karl Struss-Untitled,  1917 published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss-Untitled, 1917 published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss-Untitled,  From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss-Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917  variante tirage individuel ( complètement différent)

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, (Standing Nude With Drapery), 1917published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss Untitled, (Standing Nude With Drapery), 1917published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss- Untitled,  , 1915  From the Series, The Female Figure, 1917  published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, , 1915 From the Series, The Female Figure, 1917 published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Standing Nude With Drapery), 1917 1MURAY, NICHOLAS published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Standing Nude With Drapery), 1917 1MURAY, NICHOLAS published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female ( livre)

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Standing Nude With Drapery), 1917 1MURAY, NICHOLAS_e

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Standing Nude With Drapery), 1917 1MURAY, NICHOLAS (livre)

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Standing Nude With Drapery), 1917 1MURAY, NICHOLAS_e

Karl F. Struss- Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure (Standing Nude With Drapery), 1917 1MURAY, NICHOLAS ( livre)

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the femaleMURAY, NICHOLAS  cf Desha Delteil Performing by Nickolas Muray for Vanity Fair,1921

Karl F. Struss Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the femaleMURAY, NICHOLAS cf Desha Delteil Performing by Nickolas Muray for Vanity Fair,1921 getty.org

Karl Struss -Nudes Kicking,  From the Series, The Female Figure ,1917published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss -Nudes Kicking, From the Series, The Female Figure ,1917published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss - Semi nude with a fan, 1915 From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss – Semi nude with a fan, 1915 From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss - Nude with a fan, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss – Nude with a fan, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss   Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss -Nude Kicking,  From the Series, The Female Figure ,1917published in 48 photographs of the female figure

Karl Struss -Nude Kicking, From the Series, The Female Figure ,1917published in 48 photographs of the female figure

Karl Struss -Nude Kicking,  From the Series, The Female Figure ,1917published in 48 photographs of the female figure

Karl Struss -Nude Kicking, From the Series, The Female Figure ,1917published in 48 photographs of the female figure

Karl Struss -Nude Kicking,  From the Series, The Female Figure ,1917published in 48 photographs of the female figure

Karl Struss -Nude Kicking, From the Series, The Female Figure ,1917published in 48 photographs of the female figure

Karl Struss -Nude Walking Like an Egyptian,1917published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss -Nude Walking Like an Egyptian,1917published in 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss-Untitled,  From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917

Karl Struss-Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 ( format impression individuelle)

Karl F. Struss - Female Figure, First Series #9, - 1915. From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss – Female Figure, First Series #9, – 1915. From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female ( format impression individuelle)

Karl Struss -Nude study c.1917 First Series 9 Plate n 6 From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss -Nude study c.1917 First Series 9 Plate n 6 From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss - Female Figure, First Series #9, Plate #12 - Photograph (Vintage toned silver gelatin print) - 1915.

Karl F. Struss – Female Figure, First Series #9, Plate #12 – Photograph (Vintage toned silver gelatin print) – 1915.

Karl F. Struss - Female Figure, First Series #9,  1915. From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl F. Struss – Female Figure, First Series #9, 1915. From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss-Untitled,  From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917

Karl Struss-Untitled, From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917

Karl Struss- Reclining Nude ,1917 From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Karl Struss- Reclining Nude ,1917 From the Series, The Female Figure , 1917 published in Karl Struss. From 48 photographs of the female

Vous pouvez retrouvez une partie des planches dans un portfolio vendu avec 24 des planches ( ce qui arrivent souvent, des planches manquent…) mais néanmoins, c’est toujours précieux , c’est quand même 1917 Ici   bukowskis.com ( rubrique auctions)    qui avait était venu aux enchères à Stockholm, en Novembre 2011

Karl F. Struss - Self-Portrait, Grand Canyon, nd

Karl F. Struss – Self-Portrait, Grand Canyon, nd

photof-struss-by-clarence-white-1912_e

Struss by Clarence White, 1912

Karl F. Struss -  A Costumed Dancer,  1917

Karl F. Struss – A Costumed Dancer, 1917

Karl Struss- The wave, 1920

Karl Struss- The wave, 1920

Karl Struss -Storm Clouds-192

Karl Struss -Storm Clouds-192

Karl Struss -Dancer -nd

Karl Struss -Dancer -nd

Karl Struss -dance study- 1930

Karl Struss -dance study- 1930

Karl Struss-Standing Nude in Chiffon Draperies- 1915

Karl Struss-Standing Nude in Chiffon Draperies- 1915

Karl F. Struss - Annette.Kellerman.nd

Karl F. Struss – Annette.Kellerman.nd

Karl Struss -Agnes Ayres, 1919-20

Karl Struss -Agnes Ayres, 1919-20

Karl Struss - The Attic Window, Dresden, 1909 -

Karl Struss – The Attic Window, Dresden, 1909

Karl Struss -Rhythm -1921

Karl Struss -Rhythm -1921

Karl F. Struss - Woman And Branch, 1912

Karl F. Struss – Woman And Branch, 1912

Karl F. Struss -  landscape 1910

Karl F. Struss -Woman in Field, 1910

Karl Struss- Bebe Daniels,1919

Karl Struss- Bebe Daniels,1919

 

Karl F. Struss -Gloria Swanson, 1919

Les articles plus complets  sur l’œuvre Karl.F.Kruss Ici sur le blog

Karl F. Struss -Gloria Swanson Publicity photo for Cecil B. DeMille’s ‘Male and Female’ 1919

Karl F. Struss –Gloria Swanson Publicity photo for Cecil B. DeMille’s ‘Male and Female’ 1919

Karl Struss –Gloria Swanson , 1919

Plus de Gloria Swanson sur  ce Blog