Alexander Danilovich Grinberg (1885-1979)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude Study with veil ( The Theatre of Meyerhold ), 1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude Study with veil ( The Theatre of Meyerhold ), 1913-14

Posted by kate

Alex(s)ander Danilovich Grinberg  est un des photographes russes les plus respectés du vingtième siècle. Il a connu la révolution russe, la guerre civile, deux guerres mondiales et la répression stalinienne durant ses 94 années de vie.

Il a étudié à l’Université de Moscou, au Département de physique et de mathématiques, et au Stroganov Art College. En 1907 Gringberg est devenu membre de la Société photographique de Russie (RFO) à Moscou, en 1912 et l’un de ses administrateurs. En 1909 il reçoit sa première médaille d’or à l’exposition internationale de Dresde.   En 1914 il  commence à travailler avec le studio de cinéma « khanzhankov  » à Moscou, en devenant responsable de la publicité des films, mais il est également assistant réalisateur et ses films les plus connus sont  « les Descendants arabes » et « Deux amies (modèle et fille) ».

De 1922 à 1930 Grinberg enseigne la composition photographique au cinéma au « State College « (plus tard renommé en Russie State University Cinématographie). Dans la même période, il a enseigné à la société photographique professionnelle de Moscou  et a également travaillé comme caméraman à la First State Film Studio. Il travaille aussi beaucoup avec Vsevolod Meyerhold ( directeur d’une troupe de théatre) et d’autre troupe de théatre, et est proche d’un certain nombre d’acteurs ainsi de que de grand nom de la photographie.

En 1929, lors de la  révolution culturelle, la « vieille école” de la photographie soviétique ( dont il fait partie)  est désignée comme une photographie réalisée par  « dépravé » et il perd sa notoriété et n’est plus le photographe à qui l’on accorde des faveurs. En effet, la nouvelle politique culturelle a dicté que n’importe quel érotisme sous quelque  forme artistique que ce soit était un « restant d’oisiveté bourgeoise » et inconvenant pour la société soviétique.

Pourtant Grinberg , continue et en 1935 il  expose des photographies  de femmes partiellement habillées , ce qui lui vaut son arrestation et une condamnation par le Comité spécial de NKVD (Commissariat populaire de l’Intérieur) au bagne ( autrement dit Goulag)pour  diffusion de pornographie.Au bout de quatre année d’enfer,  il est finalement libéré pour la bonne conduite ,en 1939.

[Vous verrez que la plupart de ses clichés de nus sont réalisés entre les années 1900 et 1930 , aujourd’hui l’histoire écrite, on comprend pourquoi il n’a pu continué librement à exercer son art. Tous les travaux de cette époque n’ont pas été détruits que cela arrivait généralement et ce grâce à son frère aîné qui a réussi à cacher les négatifs durant de nombreuses années. C’est donc pourquoi, la majorité des photos que vous verrez , ont été retirées après la seconde guerre mondiale, et n’ont plus ce grain si particulier du pictoralisme. Rares sont les photographies qui sont tirées dans des teintes particulières. ]

A sa sortie du goulag, il a repris rapidement son travail de photographe et il collabore avec de nombreuses d’institutions, des musées et enseigne la photographie. Après la guerre il a travaillé avec les modèles et les couturiers tout au long des années 1950.

Sa vie entière a été consacrée à la photographie, qu’il n’a jamais abandonnée, même dans les plus difficiles de circonstances. Encore une fois, cet homme est la preuve, que de tout temps les artistes sont persécutés et emprisonnés , nous en avons déjà parlé et bons nombres d’artistes présentés sur le blog ont été dans le même cas.

Biographie  plus complète sur le site Russian Photographs [ English],  ( ce texte a été ecrit par © Evgeny Berezner and Irina Tchmyrevapour l’exposition   » Russian Pictorialism » en  2002, et pas par la personne qui vend les photographies ( mais çà aussi , ce n’est pas cité )

La majorité des photographies se trouvent  sur le site Russian Photographs, mais les dates sont approximatives , ainsi que les noms des personnes photographiées manquantes , vous y trouverez également d’autres travaux, en plus petits formats bien entendu,  comme la publicité, les portraits des têtes couronnées de l’époque, des paysages, sa série l’art du Mouvement dans l’esprit de la nouvelle culture russe : « Un corps parfait pour une civilisation parfaite ».

[Rajout Le 17 février  2012/  Je n’ai rien changé aux tonalités des photographies ce qui ne semblerait être une hérésie, ( plus haut  il est expliqué que les négatifs ont été cachés et ce durant plus de 15 années pour éviter que les autorités Russes ne détruisent tout son fond). Un site qui est sur wordpress ( dantébea pour ne pas la citer,  a changé toutes les tonalités des photographies ( Quel respect pour les artistes, au passage… ) et qui de surcroit se contente de vous dire via russian photographer,  sans hyper lien, c’est tellement plus facile…), et qui copie joyeusement mes articles,  Quel respect pour les artistes, au passage… tout n’est que copié collé et bien sur sans le copyright) . Dans toutes les photos qu’elle a prises elle les a coloriser dans une teinte jaunâtre, , allez trouver ce genre de jaune dans un bon tirage photographique et surtout dans le mouvement pictoraliste !!!!!  jamais de teinte jaunâtre( ou alors le photographe ou le développeur était vraiment mauvais) ….Par ailleurs le texte figurant sur le site

ICI  vous avez ici les dates précises, ainsi que le noms des modèles, acteurs, danseurs, personnalités , la source étant le livre  « Aleksandr Grinberg, Khranitel` Traditsii: 1885-1979. – Il. – (Fotograficheskoe Nasledie).Lazarev M.P.Edité par Art-Rodnik, Russian Federation, 2012 ( il ne vaut pas très cher, moins de 20 euros, mais il est en russe… ensuite il faut traduire..) ici sur amazon ( il semble plus cher deux années après….)

Les nus voilés 1910-1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude with veil and pearls, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude with veil and pearls, 1928 (portrait de Веры Холодной? voir plus bas The Theatre of Meyerhold )

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, Moscou, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, Moscou, 1928 (portrait de Веры Холодной? voir plus bas The Theatre of Meyerhold )

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude,(Akt) , 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude,(Akt) , 1928 (portrait de Веры Холодной? voir plus bas The Theatre of Meyerhold )

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude,(Akt) , 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude,(Akt) , 1928 (portrait de Веры Холодной? voir plus bas The Theatre of Meyerhold )

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude study (Stranger II) , Nataliya Grinberg, 1926 - Copie

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude study (Stranger II) , Nataliya Grinberg, 1926 – Copie

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude study (Stranger) , 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude study (Stranger) , 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude- 1913-14_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude- 1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait du femme-1913-14_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait du femme-1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait du femme ( remanié, 1920)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait du femme ( remanié, 1920)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Untitled, 1920′s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Untitled, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Untitled, 1920′s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Untitled, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study with veil Moscou, 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study with veil Moscou, 1920s

Alexander Grinberg- Veiled nude study 1920

Alexander Grinberg- Veiled nude study 1920

Les nus des années 1910-1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Tamara Lavrova, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Tamara Lavrova, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Study of Nude,Tamara Lavrova 1925 s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Study of Nude,Tamara Lavrova 1925

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude study Moscou, 1929

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude study Moscou, 1929

Alexandre Grinberg - Nude Study with veil, 1920s

Alexandre Grinberg – Nude Study with veil, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study, 1920-e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Baigneuse. 1924-25_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Baigneuse. 1924-25

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Maria Peschanaya, 1920s 1_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Maria Peschanaya, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Asya Zagorskaya, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Asya Zagorskaya, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Marguerite Chardinina, 1920 1_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Marguerite Chardinina, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Marguerite Chardinina ,1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Marguerite Chardinina ,1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Marguerite Chardinina ,1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Marguerite Chardinina ,1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Marguerite Chardinina, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Marguerite Chardinina, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study, Marguerite Chardinina 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study, ( peut -être Marguerite Chardinina) 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nina Fralou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nina Fralou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Nina Fralou1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Nina Fralou1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study with umbrella, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study with umbrella, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Seated nude with a cup, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg Reclining nude, 1925 (3)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Reclining nude, 1925

Alexander Grinberg-Bather, (Badende) , 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-Bather, (Badende) , 1924

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study ,1928

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study ,1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude with Beads, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude with Beads, 1928

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study with ball, 1930

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study with ball, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924 4

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude study Moscou, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, -Catherine Lopatina , 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, -Catherine Lopatina , 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study, Moscou, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study, Moscou, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study, Moscou, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study, Moscou, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Mosel Galya)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Mosel Galya)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 Maria Peschanaya

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 Maria Peschanaya

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Maria-Peschanaya)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Maria-Peschanaya)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude Nataliya Grinberg, 1925s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude Nataliya Grinberg, 1925s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920-24

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Barskaya Chardynina)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Barskaya Chardynina)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, 1930s_

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, 1930s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-, Nude dark tonality, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-, Nude dark tonality, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-, Nude dark tonality, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-, Nude dark tonality, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Reclining Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Reclining Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Grinberg -Reclining Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Grinberg -Reclining Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930_e1

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930

The Theatre of Meyerhold

Meyerhold est reconnu comme un important innovateur de théâtre du XXe siècle et notamment le créateur d’un nouveau système d’acte a appelé “biomechanics”( En insistant fortement sur ​​la nécessité de la simplicité et la puissance d’une scène nue, dans les années 1920, il a commencé à utiliser un mode de conception de jeu appelé constructivisme. Cette approche axée sur la fonction de décor et jeux à niveaux multiples , avec des rampes  entre les plates-formes) .  il a étudié à l’école de théâtre de la Société philharmonique de Moscou et rejoint le Théâtre d’Art de Moscou de l ‘(MAT) société agissant en 1898.
Ses approches et innovations ont laissé une impression durable sur le monde du théâtre et son influence est évidente dans le travail du célèbre metteur en scène et dramaturge, Bertolt Brecht.  plus d’ Informations  sur Vsevolod Meyerhold et Ici ( Anglais)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude Study with veil ( The Theatre of Meyerhold ), 1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude Study with veil ( The Theatre of Meyerhold ), 1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - The Theatre of Meyerhold ,1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – The Theatre of Meyerhold ,1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait de l'actrice Веры Холодной ( trad Robe de foi!!!) dans un costume bohémien, The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1914

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait de l’actrice Веры Холодной ( trad Robe de foi!!!) dans un costume bohémien, The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1914

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

pour la photo suivante,  je vous mets les deux tirages, afin de voir la différence entre les tirages  datant de l’époque et ceux réalisés plus tard ( premier cliché source Musée Russe, second cliché , le livre cité plus haut). la différence est énorme.

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Oriental Dance, Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Oriental Dance, Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - , Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – , Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - , Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – , Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait of two actors of The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait of two actors of The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait an actor of , The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920s Moscou,

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait an actor of , The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920s Moscou,

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg L'Étude, Ballet dancer Maria Pechan ( The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg L’Étude, Ballet dancer Maria Pechan ( The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Tamara Lavrova, -Actress The theatre of meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Tamara Lavrova, -Actress The theatre of meyerhold, 1920

Autres Portraits de différents acteurs de l’époque

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait Vera Kholodnaya, ca 1914

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait Vera Kholodnaya, ca 1914

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Vera Kholodnaya ,1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Vera Kholodnaya ,1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Vera Kholodnaya ,1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Vera Kholodnaya ,1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg Vera Kholodnayaca and a friend, 1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg Vera Kholodnayaca and a friend, 1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Vera Kholodnaia, 1919

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Vera Kholodnaia, 1919

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Nataliya Grinberg, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Nataliya Grinberg, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Nataliya Grinberg, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Nataliya Grinberg, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait actress , 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait actress , 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait of an unknown actress, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait of an unknown actress, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, Woman with star, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, Woman with star, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal'menkova, , 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal’menkova, , 1920 ( pas tirage d’époque)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal'menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal’menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal'menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal’menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal'menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal’menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Portrait of an actress, 1925

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Portrait of an actress, 1925

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait de Natacha, 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait de Natacha, 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait de Natacha, 1925s_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait de Natacha, 1925s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, Moscou, , 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, Moscou, , 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, Moscou, 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, Moscou, 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -unknown model, Actress’ Portrait.1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -unknown model, Actress’ Portrait.1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, , 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, , 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, , 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, , 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Self-Portrait, 1916

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Self-Portrait, 1916

 

More article about Alexander Danilovich Grinberg

Tilla Durieux

Born Ottilie Godeffroy, the daughter of the Austrian chemist Richard Godeffroy (1847–1895), she trained as an actress in Vienna, her native town, and gave her debut at the Moravian Theatre in Olmütz (Olomouc) in 1901/02.

The next season she got an engagement in Breslau (Wrocław). From 1903 she worked with Max Reinhardt at the Deutsches Theater in Berlin and with a group of expressionist artists around Kurt Hiller and Jakob van Hoddis.

In 1911 Durieux entered the stage of the Lessing Theater where, on November 1, 1913, she became the second actress to perform the role Eliza Doolittle in a German language production of George Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion, half a year before its English premiere on April 11, 1914. From 1915 she performed at the Royal Schauspielhaus Berlin.[ In 1904, Durieux married the Berlin Secession painter Eugen Spiro, and after their divorce, she remarried in 1910 the successful art dealer and editor Paul Cassirer, who committed suicide in a room next to the court room that pronounced their divorce. Soon after, Durieux married general director Ludwig Katzenellenbogen. In 1927 they were the main financiers of Erwin Piscator’s Neues Schauspielhaus project. Durieux was a public character of 1920s Berlin and associated with numerous celebrities like the famous photographer Frieda Riess.

In 1933, Durieux and her husband left Germany for Switzerland to escape Nazi rule. She continued to perform at the Vienna Theater in der Josefstadt and in Prague.

In 1937 she moved to Zagreb, Croatia (then in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) where she became a member of the International Red Aid. Durieux unsuccessfully tried to obtain visa for the United States; in 1941 Ludwig Katzenellenbogen was arrested by Gestapo agents in Thessaloniki and deported to Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he was killed in 1944.

Durieux returned to West Germany in 1952, appearing on stages in Berlin, Hamburg and Münster.

Franz von Stuck (or Mary von Stuck) showing Tilla Durieux in the role of Circe. 1912 The photo served as a model for the painting Tilla Durieux as Circe by Franz von Stuck

Franz von Stuck (or Mary von Stuck) showing Tilla Durieux in the role of Circe. 1912 The photo served as a model for the painting Tilla Durieux as Circe by Franz von Stuck

Tilla Durieux as Circe by Franz von Stuck

Tilla Durieux als Cleopatra im Münchener Künstlertheater von 1913 by Isidore Hirsch München

Portrait of the actress Tilla Durieux by Isidor Hirsch, 1908

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 1920s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Potiphar’s wife in the ballet Josefslegende in Berlin 1921 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Potiphar’s wife in the ballet Josefslegende in Berlin 1921 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux, German actress. Photography.1914. Photo by Imagno

Tilla Durieux in her home by V.H.Leiser, Berlin, 1910s

Tilla Durieux Photo by Isidor Hirsch, 1910s

Tilla Durieux 1905 Foto Jacob Hilsdorf

Tilla Durieux-1910 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-1910 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux- in ‘Josephs legende’, 1921 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux as Hebbel, Judith, 1910 postcard, Picture by arelier Becker

Tilla Durieux as Hebbel, Judith, 1910 postcard, Picture by arelier Becker

Tilla Durieux as ‘Delila’ in the play ‘Simson’ by Frank Wedekind, 1914, Picture by Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux as ‘Delila’ in the play ‘Simson’ by Frank Wedekind, 1914, Picture by Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux William Shakespeare, Sommernachtstraum Tilla Durieux als Oberon- vermutl. 1905 Photo by ullstein bild

Tilla Durieux  in « Grosse Liebe » bt Heinrich Mann photo by  Berker and Maaß,1913

 

Sasha

Alexander ‘Sasha’ Stewart, born 1892 in Edinburgh, moved to London and launched his professional photography career in 1914. In 1920, Sasha opened his first London studio in Bloomsbury. A technical virtuoso and popular amongst the upper class, the photographer’s theatrical and society portraits were frequently seen in sophisticated journals such as The Tatler, The Sketch and Illustrated London News.

As brilliant as he was charming, Sasha was known for his inventions and studio innovations, none more so than the Sashalite. Produced by General Electric with key input from the photographer, the Sashalite debuted in 1930 and was the first commercial flashbulb available in the UK. Sasha used the powerful light generated by the bulbs to capture his trendsetting and signature dramatic shadows and frozen motion.

Esme Fitzgibbon British actress in costume as Madeline for a stage production of ‘The Ratby sasha.1924

The English ballerina Dame Margot Fonteyn (Margaret Hookham) (1919 – 1991) holding a mask by sasha. 1920-30

Marika Rokk looking into a crystal ball.1930 by sasha

Marika Rokk looking into a crystal ball.1930 by sasha

A Norman Hartnell evening gown. by sasha. 1920-30

The Australian beauty Dorothy Blanchard, who has just left London to join the Ziegfeld Follies, reclining on a sumptuous bed. by sasha. 1925

The English actress Hermione Baddeley (1906 – 1986).. by sasha. 19220-30

Alice Joyce (1890 – 1955) in London to play the lead in a film, ‘The Passionate Adventure’. by sasha.1925

A woman wearing a fashionable hat decorated with leaf motifs by Peron. by sasha. 1925

A woman wearing a cloche hat decorated with flowers by sasha.1925-30

A unknown model wearing a Paquin feathered headdress. by sasha.1920-25

A woman wearing a fashionable woven hat decorated with jewellery by Peron. by sasha. 1925

A woman wearing a jewelled headdress designed by Paquin by sasha.1924

advertissement for A Schiaparelli hat by sasha. 1930s

An actress appearing in the play ‘Libel’ at the Playhouse theatre. . by sasha.1934

Portrait if the Dancer Kyra Alanova. . by sasha.1929

Show ring rider Mrs Sam Marsh wearing a top hat and a veil over her face. . by sasha.1920

The English actress Vivien Leigh (1913 – 1967). Original Publication in People Disc by sasha.Nd

Frances Day (1907 – 1984) in ‘Floodlight’.by sasha.1925

American authoress Anita Loos, who wrote ‘Gentleman Prefer Blondes’.. by sasha. nd

British actress Dorothy Seacombe by sasha. 1926

Lady Castlerosse modelling the medieval-style costume and wimple she will wear to the Galaxy Ball Pageant, held at London’s Park Lane Hotel. by sasha.1929

The American dancer, Ardath de Sales in costume for ‘Mercenary’, a show at London’s Hippodrome Theatre. by sasha. 1925

Entertainer Elsa McFarlane stands on the bonnet of a Rolls Royce car, mimicking the Silver Lady figurine, in a production of ‘The Co-Optimists’, at the Vaudeville Theatre in Londonby sasha. 1929

Dancer Muriel Gaunt by sasha. 1939

The Australian dancer Dorothy Blanchard, who has just left London to join the Ziegfeld Follies, sitting by the fireplace by sasha. 1925

The Film actress Marjory Brooks. by sasha.1927

Cecily Byrne as Lydia Webster in the Lyric Theatre’s production of ‘Baby Cyclone’. by sasha.1928

Catherine Lacy as Ricciada in the first production of ‘Night’s Candles’, at the Queen Theatre. by sasha.1933

The Glamorous Australian dancer Dorothy Blanchard smoking a cigarette. by sasha.1925

 

Kyra Nijinsky (1913 – 1998), daughter of the famous Russian dancer and one of the principals of ‘Cochran’s Streamline Revue’ at the Palace Theatre, London.. by sasha.1930s

Chorus girls in Felix Ferry’s Monte Carlo Follies are performing in London at Grosvenor House.. by sasha. 1930s

The Dancer Laura Devine performing a shadow dance during a production of C B Cochran’s show ‘This Year of Grace’ at the London Pavilion. by sasha.1928

A dancer dancing in a British National Opera Company production at His Majesty’s Theatre, London by sasha. 1924

Stanislawa Welska performs an exotic dance which produces a dramatic shadow. by sasha. 19330s

A dancer cowering from a shadowed pair of hands looming over her on stage. by sasha. 1930

The Singer and dancer Bunty Pain, one of Cecil B Cochran’s chorus girls, wearing a diaphanous dress. by sasha. 1929

Tilly Losch (1904 – 1974) dancing in an extravagant costume, in a scene from the show `Wake Up And Dream’. by sasha.1929

The Dancer and actress Tilly Losch (1904 – 1974), one of the principals in ‘Streamline Revue. by sasha.1934

Tilly Losch and Tony Birkmayr in ‘Wake Up And Dream’ at the London Pavilion Theatre. by sasha.1929

Austrian dancer Tilly Losch and Roman Jasinsky dancing in a production of the ballet ‘Errante’ at the Savoy Theatre, London, with choreography by George Balanchine, and costumes by Paul Tchelitchev sasha. 19230s

A couple dancing the Charleston in a scene from the play ‘Just A Kiss’ at the Shaftesbury Theatre, London. by sasha.Nd

dancer and choreographer Serge Lifar and classical Russian ballerina Alice Nikitina performing the Russian ballet La Chatte (‘The Cat) Music H .Saguet, choreography G. Balanchine, designs Gabo and Pevsner. by sasha.1927

Nini Theilade, Indonesian ballet dancer, adopting a ballet pose for a studio portrait by sasha. 1933

Musical comedy actress Jessie Matthews (1907 – 1981) poses in a swimsuit. by sasha.1931

The Russian ballet dancer Alexandra Danilova (1904 – 1997) dancing in a Diaghilev production of ‘Swan Lake’ by sasha.1926

The Actress Binnie Hale dancing in the musical comedy, ‘Mr Cinders’, at the Adelphi Theatre, London by sasha. 1929

Dancing nymphs, in a scene from the play ‘Comus’ at the Open Air Theatre, Regents Park, London by sasha.1934

Members of the Margaret Morris dance troupe dancing out-of-door in accordance with the Margaret Morris Movement (MMM) interpretation of dance.. by sasha.1927

Tap dancers in ‘Voila Les Dames’ at the Prince of Wales Theatre. London hold hearts in front of them as they dance by sasha.1935

British actress Jessie Matthews (1907 – 1981) wearing a headdress decorated with ostrich feathers for her appearance in Charles B Cochran’s musical spectacular ‘Ever Green’ at the Adelphi Theatre, London. by sasha.1930

Binnie Hale surrounded by a huge plume of feathers in the show, `Mr Cinders’’. by sasha.1929

An unusual view of the ‘Albertina Rasch Girls’ who appear in the show, ‘Wild Violets’ at the Drury Lane Theatre, London by sasha.1933

The Albertina Rasch chorus girls who are appearing in ‘Wild Violets.by sasha.1933

The Albertina Rasch Girls who appear in the show ‘Wild Violets’. From top to bottom Inga Anderson, Nosie Dale and Vida McLain..by sasha.1932

The English ballet dancer Leslie Burrows performing a dance entitled ‘Fear’. by sasha.1934

A woman standing on a beach. by sasha.1930

A couple kissing in a scene from the play ‘Just A Kiss’ at the Shaftesbury Theatre, London. by sasha. 1926

American dancers Estelle & Leroy, in action at the Savoy Hotel, London. by sasha. 1934

Composer and actor Ivor Novello (1892 – 1951) with just his face seen peering through a spy hole in a door by sasha. 1928

The English ballerina Dame Margot Fonteyn (Margaret Hookham) (1919 – 1991) holding a mask by sasha. 1920-30

A close-up of the hands of Jessie Matthews (1907 – 1981), dancer and film-star. by sasha.1930

Chorus girls singing on stage, whilst wearing eye masks by sasha.1930

A group in a model boat in a scene from the show ‘Peggy Ann’, at the Dalys Theatre by sasha.1927

English actress and dancer Phyllis Monkman (1892 – 1976) with Welsh composer and actor Ivor Novello (1893 – 1951) in ‘Downhill’ at the Queens Theatre. by sasha.1926

Noel Coward (1899 – 1973) and Gertrude Lawrence (1898 – 1952) in ‘Private Lives’ at the Phoenix theatre by sasha.Nd

Santa Proud Fashions by sasha.1930s

Ruby Stewart, currently appearing in a musical at the Gaiety Theatre, London by sasha.1937

Stage and screen actress Joyce Bland (1906-1963), who is currently playing the lead role in ‘Mary Bloome’ at the Embassy Theatre. by sasha.1931

Stage and screen actress Joyce Bland (1906-1963), who is currently playing the lead role in ‘Mary Bloome’ at the Embassy Theatre. by sasha.1931

The actress Elsie Fergusonas as Lizzie Parsons, in “Footlights”. Directed by John S. Robertson 1921 Promotional picture by Paramount Pictures (see the dress here)

The actress Elsie Fergusonas  as Lizzie Parsons, in  “Footlights”. Directed by  John S. Robertson 1921 Promotional picture by  Paramount Pictures (see the dress here)

Trude Fleischmann

Trude  Fleischmann - Austrian stage and film actress Helene Ottilie Thimig  , Vienna c. 1930 Vintage silver print, postcard

Trude Fleischmann – Austrian stage and film actress Helene Ottilie Thimig , Vienna c. 1930 Vintage silver print, postcard

Trude  Fleischmann – Austrian stage and film actress Helene Ottilie Thimig

, Vienna c. 1930 Vintage silver print, postcard

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong’s hands , 1925-26

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1926 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1926 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925-26 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925-26 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

je l’ai ai achetées donc je les marque puisque personne n’est capable , sauf les bons !!! de citer ses sources; je découvre des sites comme je ne le citerai pas, ( pas de pub pour lui) où mon blog en entier y est!!! Des magazines comme juxtapoz sinon, et ne parlons de the redlist là c’est le bouquet !!!!!

Cela en est assez des personnes qui se servent, qui ne se demandent pas si l’on paie pour avoir ces photos, si on achète des livres, si on redimensionne les photographies, si on les nettoie.

Le self service gratuit. Je dis Non.

Underwood & Underwood

Underwood & Underwood -active Ottawa, Canada and New York 1880s – 1940s, Photographer (Photography, Stereoscopic, Photojournalism),  Publisher. The Underwood brothers, Elmer (1859-1947) and Bert (1862-1943) began the company by selling stereoscopes door to door.TThe company originally sold stereoscopic , as well as home stereoscope kits. The company grew rapidly, eventually moving to New York (1887), producing its own photographs (1891). By 1901, they were selling 300,000 stereoscopes a year and producing more than 25,000 cards a day. The company established branches in Baltimore, London, and Canada, and relocated their headquarters to New York City in 1891. They providing photographs to newspapers (1896), and establishing a wire-service-like sales agency (1904). They sold their back catalogue and rights to the Keystone View Company (which was subsequently acquired by Mast Industries in the 1970s.) in 1920 and unincorporated in the early 1940’s.

Underwood and Underwood dominated the news-photography industry until 1920

An army of freelance news photographers was fielded and newspaper and magazine publishers seeking to break away from traditional line drawings and wood cut illustrations clamored for Underwood and Underwood prolific output.

Around 1904 they set up a sales agency that would virtually dominate the news photo field for the next 30 years.  For exemple they were activs in the Moffett Studio ( partnership between Evan Albert Evans and camera artist George Moffett in 1905). In the latter 1910s, Moffett turned over the theatrical photography to camera artist Paul R. Stone who, though he was not granted credit on images, was allowed to voice expert opinions under his own name in the press. Stone handled the celebrity shoots until Evan Evans turned over direction of the studio to a management team appointed by Underwood and Underwood in mid-1920s. At that juncture he joined Raymor Studios in Chicago, a gallery that ran a diversified business in the city. Rebranded the Paul R. Stone-Raymor Studios they remained an active business from the 1920s through the 1940s. However, the arrest by the F.B.I. of studio employee Earnest D. Wallis for possession of photographs of classified plans for the A bomb in 1947 fatally damaged the studio’s reputation. In the 1940s, Underwood & Underwood sold Moffett Studio to the partnership of Robert T. McKearnan and Jack Russell.

More on wikipedia.org

Of course, those are not the Stereoscopes interest in their work,  although that is what retains them. Rather, it is the second phase of their development which I like. Beautiful portraits , including the greatest artists of the time. They published mainly in magazines, (I put an example of what they could be asked to produce. ) , Which restricts the possibility of finding proof silver gelatin prints . No Nudes this time , but still the favorites subjects : Actresses years 1910-20s , dance, and the improbable event testimony. The next time i will propose  fashion photos and other artists)

( But i really like this album ( Publisher) ,   » Is Marriage a Failure? »

Underwood & Underwood and the actress Theda Bara

[More about their collaboration HERE]

Underwood and Underwood- Theda Bara, from the book Amillion and one Nights, a history of the motion Picture by Terry Ramsaye . Ed° Routlege, 2012

Underwood and Underwood- Theda Bara, from the book Amillion and one Nights, a history of the motion Picture by Terry Ramsaye . Ed° Routlege, 2012

Underwood & Underwood- Portrait of Theda Bara , Autographed © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Portrait of Theda Bara , Autographed , 1915 © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood - Theda Bara, as the vampire , in A Fool There Was directed by Frank Powell, 1915 variante

Underwood & Underwood – Theda Bara, as the vampire , in A Fool There Was directed by Frank Powell, 1915 variante

Underwood & Underwood-Theda Bara, 1916

Underwood & Underwood-Theda Bara, 1916

Underwood & Underwood-Theda Bara, 1916, [Direction William Fox], New York publicity For newspaper and magazines ( courtesy UCLA arts library)

Underwood & Underwood-Theda Bara, 1916, [Direction William Fox], New York publicity For newspaper and magazines ( courtesy UCLA arts library)

 

 

Theda Bara by Underwood & Underwood Studios, N.Y.1915

 

 

Underwood & Underwood- Theda Bara, 1915

Underwood & Underwood- Theda Bara, 1915

Underwood & Underwood- Theda Bara, 1915

Underwood & Underwood- Theda Bara, 1915

another one chicago tribune.1917

******************************

Underwood & Underwood and Performer,  Personality, Dancer, Painter, Actress, Still Life

 

The actress Virginia Pearson,posing for a risque shot. by Underwood & Underwood studio, 1926

Nude Study of Billie Dove, Motion Picture Star Ziegfeld. Photo by © Underwood & Underwood

Nude Study by © Underwood & Underwood, around 1915-1920

Underwood & Underwood-Isadora Duncan Performing on Beach, 1910s © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Isadora Duncan Performing on Beach, 1910s © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Agnes Boone, left,dancing with her sister, Honorita in New York City, March 16, 1927 Photo by Underwood & Underwood

Underwood & Underwood Anna may wong in Chicago1925

Underwood & Underwood Anna may wong in Chicago1925

Billie Dove Posing Nude around 1920 Photo by Underwood & Underwood

ca. 1910, USA --- Two women in swimwear enjoy a tandem bike ride down the beach with parasols in hand. --- Image by © Underwood & Underwood/Underwood & Underwood/Corbis

ca. 1910, USA — Two women in swimwear enjoy a tandem bike ride down the beach with parasols in hand. — Image by © Underwood & Underwood/Underwood & Underwood/Corbis

Mae West Starring in The Heat’s On1943 Photo by Underwood & Underwood

Underwood & Underwood-Miss Helen Mead of Washington Wearing Diving Cap Resembling a Rooster at the Lake Placid Swimming Club.© Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Miss Helen Mead of Washington Wearing Diving Cap Resembling a Rooster at the Lake Placid Swimming Club.© Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Mary Philbin on Chick-Drawn Cart Original caption by Rather Novel, nd © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis.

Underwood & Underwood-Mary Philbin on Chick-Drawn Cart Original caption by Rather Novel, nd © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis.

Underwood & Underwood- Miss Sonja Henie (Olympic Games champion)1928 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Miss Sonja Henie (Olympic Games champion)1928 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Virginia Pearson 1920s. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Virginia Pearson 1920s. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Portrait of Valeska Suratt, 1920s. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Portrait of Valeska Suratt, 1920s. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Dorothy Bernard (1890-1955) in 1920s Egypt. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Dorothy Bernard (1890-1955) in 1920s Egypt. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Dorothy Bernard (1890-1955) in 1920s Egypt. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Dorothy Bernard (1890-1955) in 1920s Egypt. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood-lore Revalles( russian Dancer) studies the motion of snakes to gain ideas for her new serpent dance, vening public ledger., October 05, 1916

Underwood & Underwood-lore Revalles( russian Dancer) studies the motion of snakes to gain ideas for her new serpent dance, vening public ledger., October 05, 1916 Found Here

Underwood & Underwood- The dancer Flore Revalles with a snake, 1916

Underwood & Underwood- The dancer Flore Revalles with a snake, 1916

Underwood & Underwood- Miss Eleanor Link, 16 year, Wrestling an Alligator © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Miss Eleanor Link, 16 year, Wrestling an Alligator © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Dorothy Newell Wearing a Suffrage Slogan, 1900-1910s© Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Dorothy Newell Wearing a Suffrage Slogan, 1900-1910s© Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood and Underwood Studios- Edith de Lis – American Opera singer.

Underwood and Underwood Studios.Photograph of unidentified dancer

Underwood & Underwood - Nina Foch

Underwood & Underwood – Nina Foch, nd

Underwood & Underwood- The Performer Lilyan Tashman, Washington DC, c.1923.

Underwood & Underwood- The Performer Lilyan Tashman, Washington DC, c.1923.

Underwood & Underwood-Margaret Horton, Dr. Waite’s Plaza companion, Mystery Woman in Peck poison case, 1916

Underwood & Underwood-Gabrielle Coco Chanel in suit and beret, 1931 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis.

Underwood & Underwood-Gabrielle Coco Chanel in suit and beret, 1931 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis.

Underwood & Underwood., Nearly a mile straight down and only a step–from Glacier Point (N.W.) across valley to Yosemite Falls, Yosemite, Cal. 1900-1910

Underwood & Underwood- Claude Monet standing in his studio with a panel of his Nympheas mural., Giverny, France , 1914-18 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Claude Monet standing in his studio with a panel of his Nympheas mural., Giverny, France , 1914-18 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Portrait of Vera Vasilyevna Kholodnaya, (1893-1919), the first star of Russian silent cinema

Vera Vasilyevna Kholodnaya (en russe: Вера Васильевна Холодная, 30 Août, 1893 – le 16 Février 1919), Actrice, Surnommé «La Reine de l’écran», elle a fût le premier film star féminine de la Russie. Bien que la plupart de ses films soient perdus, sa beauté envoûtante et sa mort prématurée ont fait d’elle une figure du cinema russe. Seulement cinq films mettant en vedette sa existent encore de nos jours sur les cinquante à quatre-vingts films, elle a joué en Ils sont les suivants: «Les enfants de l’âge » (1915), « Les mirages » (1916), Une vie pour une vie « (1916), « Le cadavre vivant» (adapté de la pièce de Tolstoï, 1918), et «Taisez-vous, ma douleur, le silence » (1918). Elle est plus souvent associé à des films du début du directeur Evgenii Bauer.

Vera Vasilyevna Levchenko est né à Poltava, en Ukraine, et en grande partie élevée par sa grand-mère à Moscou. Petite fille, elle rêvait d’une carrière en ballet classique et même inscrit à l’école de ballet du théâtre Bolchoï. En 1908, Vera assiste à un spectacle de Francesca da Rimini, avec Vera Komissarzhevskaya dans le rôle-titre. Elle fût profondément impressionné par l’art de Komissarzhevskaya et décide de s’aventurer dans le film d’action. Elle s’approcha de Vladimir Gardin, un grand metteur en scène russe.
En 1910, elle a épousé Vladimir Kholodny, dit être l’un des premiers coureurs automobiles russes et l’éditeur d’un quotidien de sport. Vera serait souvent l’accompagner dans les courses qui ont abouti à des accidents de la route. Elle a également adopté son nom de famille, ce qui se traduit par «une froide ». Plus tard, beaucoup ont pris pour un pseudonyme bien choisi. Leur fille Evgeniya est né en 1912, et ils adoptent un autre enfant un an plus tard.

Elle a commencé à apparaître dans de petits rôles à l’AA Kanjonkov studio de cinéma à la fin de 1914. Evgueni Bauer l’a repéré et prend le pari de lui donner le premier rôle féminin dans ‘Chanson de l’amour triomphant» (1915), une adaptation d’une histoire Tourgueniev, ce qui fait d’elle une star du jour au lendemain. Durant les les trois prochaines années Kholodnaya sera en haut du box-office de la Russie.

Les documents officiels russes affirment que Vera Kholodnaya est mort de la grippe espagnole durant la pandémie de 1919. Bien que cela semble tout à fait probable, il ya beaucoup de spéculations autour de sa mort. Histoires Sexe autre prétendent qu’elle a été empoisonnée par l’ambassadeur français avec qui elle aurait eu une liaison et qui croyait qu’elle était un espion pour les bolcheviks.
Héritage

Portait of The Russian Actress Vera Vasilyevna Kholodnaya (Russian: Вера Васильевна Холодная; August 30, 1893 – February 16, 1919), 1918

 

Portait of The Russian Actress Vera Vasilyevna Kholodnaya (Russian: Вера Васильевна Холодная; August 30, 1893 – February 16, 1919), 1918

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1920s

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1918

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1920s.

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1920s.

 

Portrait of Vera Vasilyevna Kholodnaya (1893-1919), the first star of Russian silent cinema, 1917

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1918-20s

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1918-20s

vera kholodnaya 1917

vera kholodnaya 1917

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1918-20s (Vera KARALLI (Krisantemi. 1914)

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1918-20s (Vera KARALLI (Krisantemi. 1914)

 

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1919.1

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1919.

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1917

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1917

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard,by LEONIDOV

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard,by LEONIDOV

Vera Kholodnaya as a gypsy Photo Postcard, 1918-20s

Vera Kholodnaya as a gypsy Photo Postcard, 1918-20s

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1920s.2

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1920s.

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1919

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1919

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1920s 1

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, 1920s

Vera-Kholodnaya

Vera-Kholodnaya

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, in Wig

Vera Kholodnaya Photo Postcard, in Wig

 

Edmonde Guy By Ernst Hrster Wien published in Beauté Magazine n°12, Avril 1930

Edmonde Guy By Ernst Hrster vien published in Beauté Magazine n°12, Avril 1930

Lyda Borelli

Lyda Borelli (1884 – 1959) fut une actrice au théâtre et au cinéma et une diva du cinéma muet italien.

Portrait of Lyda Borelli,  1920 Italian postcard by A.G.F.

Portrait of Lyda Borelli, 1920s  Italian postcard by A.G.F.

Italian actress Lyda Borelli,  1920s.

Lyda Borelli, 1915- 1920.( non creditée)

Lyda Borelli as Salomé ( Oscar Wilde), 1915-20 by Mario Nunes Vais

Lyda Borelli as Salomé ( Oscar Wilde), 1915-20 by Mario Nunes Vais

Lyda Borelli by Emilio Sommarive, 1911

Lyda Borelli as Salomé ( oscar Wilde) by Emilio Sommarive, 1911

Lyda Borelli by Emilio Sommarive, 1911

Lyda Borelli by Emilio Sommarive, 1911

Lyda Borelli by Badidi fotographia , 1910-15s

Lyda Borelli by Badidi fotographia , 1910-15s

Lyda Borelli by Badidi fotographia , 1910-15s

Lyda Borelli by Badidi fotographia , 1910-15s

Sa Biograghie ici sa filmographie complète sur IMDB

Theda Bara as Vampire , 1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film “A Fool There Was »directed by Frank Powell]

Theda Bara, as the vampire ,  1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film A Fool There Wasdirected by Frank Powell]

Theda Bara, as the vampire , 1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film « A Fool There Was »directed by Frank Powell]

©-Theda Bara- 1915 -[in a publicity shot for the f

Theda Bara, as the vampire ,  1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film “A Fool There Was »directed by Frank Powell]

Theda Bara, as the vampire , 1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film A Fool There Wasdirected by Frank Powell]

Theda Bara, as the vampire , 1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film A Fool There Wasdirected by Frank Powell]

Theda Bara, as the vampire , 1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film A Fool There Wasdirected by Frank Powell]

Theda Bara, as the vampire , 1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film A Fool There Wasdirected by Frank Powell]

Theda Bara, as the vampire ,  1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film A Fool There Wasdirected by Frank Powell].

Theda Bara, as the vampire , 1915 -[in a publicity shot for the film A Fool There Wasdirected by Frank Powell].

 Underwood & Underwood - Portrait of Theda Bara in A Fool There Was directed by frank Powell, 1915

Underwood & Underwood – Portrait of Theda Bara in A Fool There Was directed by frank Powell, 1915

 Underwood & Underwood - Theda Bara, as the vampire , in A Fool There Was directed by Frank Powell, 1915

Underwood & Underwood – Theda Bara, as the vampire , in A Fool There Was directed by Frank Powell, 1915 Here

 More works Underwood & Underwood

Orval Hixon (1884-1982)

Orval Hixon  voulait être peintre, mais son daltonisme  a incité ses enseignants à l’orienter vers la photographie, mais ce déficit visuel est devenu l’un des plus grands attributs d’Hixon en définitive,  car il a vu la lumière comme personne… et ce fut son atout majeur pour son travail photographique.  

Lors de son adolescence, il a travaillé comme apprenti au sein de l’imprimerie  d’un journal  fournissant occasionnels son aide pour les portraits réalisés. Il a ensuite , et ce durant près d’une dizaine d’année travaillé comme  journaliste et réalisait des photographies pour ses articles. Fortement intéressé à la texture visuelle et de la disposition spatiale, il a étudié la photographie de portrait seul, au travers des magazines , et en participant  au  mouvement Arts & Crafts (toute personne travaillant et produisant  aux États-Unis pourrait être un artiste) . Il accepte en parallèle  un poste de technicien à la Studebaker Studios et en 1914, en partenariat avec Alice M. Knight, il a ouvert la Hixon-Knight Studio qui se spécialise dans le portrait des enfants.

les Affaires à Kansas City ( qu’on nommait « Le Paris des plaines ») étaient très compétitives entre plusieurs studios de photographie à  succès. Il y avait en cette place un esprit créatif commun qui a été fortement influencé par l’esthétique du mouvement Arts and Crafts. En particulier, le travail de portrait de Homer Peyton, de la Strauss-Peyton studio.  Peyton avait une réputation singulière pour l’utilisation de retouches directes sur des négatifs sur plaque de verre.  Hixon est très attiré par ce personnage et s’ inscrit à des cours d’art graphique à Art Institute  de la ville, et il se sépare de sa première collaboratrice.

Auprès d’Homer Peyton, il  a appris une palette précieuses de techniques graphiques qui lui ont permis de retoucher et de réinventer la négatifs-grattage, le dessin, le frottement, la dissolution, l’élimination et le marquage. Cette liberté créative élevée et le signe tout particulier du style distinctif d’ Hixon de l’éclairage de portrait lui apporte un grand succès.

En 1916,  James Hargis Connelly  ( un ancien acteur de vaudeville) , lui propose decollaborer avec lui  et de créer un studio si Hixon  lui enseigner la photographie. Ils ont formé la Main Street Studio  et cela immédiatement porté ses fruits. Connelly ayant un vaste réseau de relations dans les milieux de divertissement. Très vite, le succès grandit du milieu du théâtre, puis  celui ce la danse et des musiciens À la fin de 1916, il a produit une mémorable série de publicité portraits de vamp Valeska Suratt une actrice qui portait des costumes de haute couture coûteux sur scène, pour Fox Studio   et en janvier 1917 Hixon publie son premier portrait, de Ruth Saint Denis, dans le théâtre Magazine, une pionnière de la danse moderne très apprécié.( voir les trois planches ci dessous)

Orval Hixon- The silent actress  Valeska Suratt (one of the firts vamp with Theda bara ) , 1916

Orval Hixon- The silent actress Valeska Suratt (one of the firts vamp with Theda bara ) , 1916

Orval Hixon-  Plate for the serie of The silent actress  Valeska Suratt (one of the firts vamp with theda bara ) , 1916

Orval Hixon- Plate for the serie of The silent actress Valeska Suratt (one of the firts vamp with theda bara ) , 1916

Orval Hixon (Hixon-Connelly studio) - Ruth, St Denis, 1918

Orval Hixon (Hixon-Connelly studio) – Ruth, St Denis, 1918

Hixon était un maître de la lumière théâtrale. Son atelier  était équipé de lumières de scène de théâtre ce qui produisait des contrastes durs, et dramatiques, on a d’ailleurs l’impression que la majeure partie de ses portrait  sortent des ténèbres et les effets saillants sont extrêmement présent. Les sujets surgissent littéralement et se dessinent sur des fonds noirs. Hixon a « capitalisé » sur cette théâtralité, et beaucoup de ces images peuvent être facilement confondues avec des photos de production tournées sur la scène du théâtre, hors il n’en est rien. Les portraits de Hixon possèdent tous une  « intention » dans la composition, le contrôle du sujet.

Il a photographié le splus grands de son époque  Theodore Kosloff et Al Jolson , George Beban, Charlie Chaplin, Sammy Davis, Jr. Bessie Smith et Hadji Ali, Janette Hackett

En 1920, il a déménagé son studio à l’hôtel de Baltimore à seulement quelques pâtés de maisons. Considéré comme l’un des bâtiments les plus luxueux à l’ouest de Chicago, Baltimore a été entièrement construit en brique, le marbre et le ciment livré de l’Allemagne, etait le lieu où  Haute société, les voyageurs bien nantis et les présidents américains séjournaient lors de leur passage à Kansas city. Main Street Studio Hixon au Baltimore avait maintenant une entrée donnant sur la rue pour accueillir tous ceux qui voulaient un portrait, et même sans rendez-vous. Un bonus supplémentaire à cet endroit était la proximité de théâtres de vaudeville, burlesque et cinémas. Si bien qu’un  » trafic » constant de clients de l’hôtel, d’ amateurs de théâtre et de nombreux acteurs faisait le pied de guerre aux portes du studio…. Jusqu’en 1938, quand les portes de la Baltimore fermés, Hixon a photographié des centaines de personnes qui « marchaient dans la rue et dans mon studio. Mais ce sont les gens de théâtre qui ont été une grande source d’inspiration.  Il avait d’ailleurs bien pensé les choses, car il  a très vite compris l’importance de la publicité et de l’auto-promotion. Il a donc  renoncé à ses droit d’auteur en échange du fait qu’il  frappait chaque impression  qui a quittait le studio de son tampon, et ces dernières pouvaient apparaître dans les publications de journaux et ainsi lui faire une grande publicité…

Le succès commercial de Hixon lui a permis d’ouvrir deux autres studios à Liberty, Missouri, et Manhattan, Kansas. . Il a également contracté à court terme des partenariats avec H. Kenyon Newman (1923) et James A. Wiese (1926, 1928). Mais, en 1930le  vaudeville est sur son déclin . Hixon et tout le monde le sait et il prend une décision prudente, celle de fermer le studio de Kansas City et de déménager à Lawrence  où il a maintenu l’entreprise jusqu’en 1958.

A mes yeux, il est un roi de la lumière,avec une vision romantique de la féminité , presque lyrique, ses images ont un parfum de mystère et son d’une intensité presque gothique.

Les photographies proviennent du livre  Main Street Studio An Exhibtion of Photographs of Famous Vaudeville Entertainers by Orval Hixon, The University of Kansas, 1971 ( la couverture est plus bas).

 

Orval  Hixon--Zoe Barnett Vaudeville Entertainer,1920  Figure Study (Chains) By KC Artist Photographer Orval Hixon

Orval Hixon–Zoe Barnett ( performer Musical, Comedy, Operetta) Vaudeville Entertainer,1920 Figure Study (Chains) By KC Artist Photographer Orval Hixon

Orval Hixon- Miss Janette Hackett, 1920

Orval Hixon- Janette Hackett, 1921

Orval  Hixon-Miss Hackett    , 1920

Orval Hixon-   Janette Hackett , 1921

Orval Hixon- Denishawn Dancer Figure Study Vanda  hoff (DeniShawn dancer and 3rd wife of Paul Whiteman (King Of Jazz). 1922

Orval Hixon- Denishawn Dancer Figure Study Vanda hoff (DeniShawn dancer and 3rd wife of Paul Whiteman (King Of Jazz). 1922

Orval  Hixon-Denishawn Dancer Figure Study Vanda  hoff (DeniShawn dancer and 3rd wife of Paul Whiteman (King Of Jazz). 1922

Orval Hixon-Denishawn Dancer Figure Study Vanda hoff (DeniShawn dancer and 3rd wife of Paul Whiteman (King Of Jazz). 1922

Orval  Hixon- Bobbie Tremain -1920

Orval Hixon-the performer  Bobbie Tremain -1920

Orval  Hixon- June Eldredge  1921

Orval Hixon- The actress June Eldredge 1921

Orval  Hixon-Miss Janette Hackett, 1920 from the book, Main Street Studio An Exhibtion of Photographs of Famous Vaudeville Entertainers by Orval Hixon,The University of Kan

Orval Hixon- the actress Janette Hackett, 1920

Orval Hixon - Hazel Flint  ,  1920

Orval Hixon – the actress Hazel Flint , 1920

Orval  Hixon- Miss Francis Field,, 1921

Orval Hixon- Miss Francis Field, (Sally Margaret Field ) 1921

Orval Hixon - Bothwell Browne  ,  1920

Orval Hixon – Bothwell Browne , 1920

Orval Hixon- Miss Janette Hackett, 1920

Orval Hixon- Miss Janette Hackett, 1920

Orval  Hixon-Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer  , 1918-20

Orval Hixon-Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer , 1918-20

Orval  Hixon-Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer  , 1918-20

Orval Hixon-Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer , 1918-20

Orval Hixon - Dorothy Knowles (vaudeville dancer), 1920s

Orval Hixon – Dorothy Knowles (vaudeville dancer), 1920s

Orval Hixon- Francis Field, 1920

Orval Hixon- Francis Field, 1920

Orval Hixon- Evelyn Nesbit Thaw (1885-1967) 1920

Orval Hixon- Evelyn Nesbit Thaw, 1920

Orval  Hixon-G. Theda Bara, 1921

Orval Hixon-  Theda Bara, 1921

Orval  Hixon-Billie Cassin (Joan Crawford) 1924

Orval Hixon-Billie Cassin (Joan Crawford) 1924

Orval Hixon-Billie Cassin (Joan Crawford), 1924

Orval Hixon-Billie Cassin (Joan Crawford), 1924

Orval Hixon-Ernestine Meyers, 1925 1

Orval Hixon-Ernestine Meyers, 1925 1

Orval Hixon- Ernestine Meyers 1920 from the book, Main Street Studio An Exhibtion of Photographs of Famous Vaudeville Entertainers by Orval Hixon,The University of Kans

Orval Hixon- Ernestine Meyers 1920 from the book, Main Street Studio An Exhibtion of Photographs of Famous Vaudeville Entertainers by Orval Hixon,The University of Kans

Orval Hixon -portrait of Herbert Clifton, 1921

Orval Hixon -portrait of Herbert Clifton, 1921

Orval  Hixon-Pauline Frederick  1925

Orval Hixon- The actress Pauline Frederick 1925

Orval  Hixon- Grace La Rue  a music hall performer ,1920

Orval Hixon- Grace La Rue a music hall performer ,1920

Orval  Hixon- Grace La Rue  a music hall performer , 1920

Orval Hixon- Grace La Rue a music hall performer , 1920

Orval Hixon- Grace La Rue,  a music hall performer , 1920

Orval Hixon- Grace La Rue, a music hall performer , 1920

Orval  Hixon- Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer , 1919-1920

Orval Hixon- Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer , 1919-1920

Orval  Hixon-Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer  , 1920

Orval Hixon-Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer , 1920

Orval  Hixon-Untitled  , Pauline Lord , 1920

Orval Hixon-Untitled , Pauline Lord , 1920

Orval  Hixon-Veleska Surratt( Vampire in Silent Movies) , 1919

Orval Hixon-Veleska Surratt( Vampire in Silent Movies) , 1919

Orval Hixon -Beth Beri 1922 Figure Study (Front) By KC Artist Photographer Orval Hixon

Orval Hixon -Beth Beri 1922 Figure Study (Front) By KC Artist Photographer Orval Hixon

Orval Hixon - Orval Hixon -dancer Alcova, 1922

Orval Hixon – Orval Hixon -dancer Alcova, 1922

Orval  Hixon- Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer , 1919-1920

Orval Hixon- Unidentified Vaudeville Entertainer , 1919-1920

Orval  Hixon-Beth Beri   , 1920 1

Orval Hixon-Beth Beri , 1925

Orval  Hixon-Annette Kellerm , 1920

Orval Hixon-Annette Kellerm , 1920

Orval  Hixon- Sammy Baird  , 1923

Orval Hixon- Sammy Baird , 1925

Orval Hixon - Orval Hixon -Sammy Baird, 1925

Orval Hixon – Sammy Baird, 1925

Orval  Hixon- Emma Haig 1920

Orval Hixon- Emma Haig 1920

Orval Hixon -portrait of unknown female, 1925

Orval Hixon -portrait of unknown female, 1925

Orval  Hixon-Untiteled, 1920-22

Orval Hixon-Untiteled, 1920-22

Orval  Hixon- Cleveland Bronner, 1918

Orval Hixon- Cleveland Bronner, 1918

Orval  Hixon-Cleveland Bronner, 1918

Orval Hixon-Cleveland Bronner, 1918

Orval  Hixon-Cleveland Bronner, 1918

Orval Hixon-Cleveland Bronner, 1918

Orval  Hixon-Beth Beri , 1920

Orval Hixon-Beth Beri , 1920

Orval  Hixon-Beth Beri   1920

Orval Hixon-Beth Beri 1920

Orval  Hixon- Grace Darling  ( Actress )Figure study ,1920

Orval Hixon- Grace Darling ( Actress )Figure study ,1920

Orval  Hixon- Portrait of unknown  vaudeville dancer , 1925

Orval Hixon- Portrait of unknown vaudeville dancer , 1925

Orval  Hixonl  Flying Alcova ( model Anna Alcovawas a vaudeville dancer who toured the circuits in the early 1920s.) ,1920

Orval Hixonl Flying Alcova ( model Anna Alcova was a vaudeville dancer who toured the circuits in the early 1920s.) ,1920

Orval  Hixon-Florence -O’denishawn (Dancer) , 1919

Orval Hixon-Florence -O’denishawn (Dancer) , 1919

Orval  Hixon-Florence O’denishawn (Dancer) , 1919

Orval Hixon-Florence O’denishawn (Dancer) , 1919

Orval  Hixon-Flying Alcova    , 1920

Orval Hixon-Alcova , 1920

Orval  Hixon-Louise Riley , 1920

Orval Hixon-Louise Riley , 1920

Orval  Hixon-Mrs. Zamboni, 1918

Orval Hixon-Mrs. Zamboni, 1918

Orval  Hixon-Pearl Harper , 1920

Orval Hixon-Pearl Harper , 1920

Orval Hixon - Nance O'Neil (1874-1965) , 1918

Orval Hixon – Nance O’Neil (1874-1965) , 1918

Orval  Hixon- Mlle. Fouchon,  performer ,1920

Orval Hixon- Mlle. Fouchon, performer ,1920

Orval  Hixon-  Zoe Barnett ,1920

Orval Hixon- Zoe Barnett ,1920

Orval  Hixon- ( Hixon-Newman studios) , 1922-25

Orval Hixon- ( Hixon-Newman studios)-Ernestine Meyers (or Tot Qualters) c.1921

Orval Hixon (Hixon-Connelly studio)  -Ina Hayward (Theatrical actress), 1920s

Orval Hixon (Hixon-Connelly studio) -Ina Hayward (Theatrical actress), 1920s