Alexander Danilovich Grinberg (1885-1979)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude Study with veil ( The Theatre of Meyerhold ), 1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude Study with veil ( The Theatre of Meyerhold ), 1913-14

Posted by kate

Alex(s)ander Danilovich Grinberg  est un des photographes russes les plus respectés du vingtième siècle. Il a connu la révolution russe, la guerre civile, deux guerres mondiales et la répression stalinienne durant ses 94 années de vie.

Il a étudié à l’Université de Moscou, au Département de physique et de mathématiques, et au Stroganov Art College. En 1907 Gringberg est devenu membre de la Société photographique de Russie (RFO) à Moscou, en 1912 et l’un de ses administrateurs. En 1909 il reçoit sa première médaille d’or à l’exposition internationale de Dresde.   En 1914 il  commence à travailler avec le studio de cinéma « khanzhankov  » à Moscou, en devenant responsable de la publicité des films, mais il est également assistant réalisateur et ses films les plus connus sont  « les Descendants arabes » et « Deux amies (modèle et fille) ».

De 1922 à 1930 Grinberg enseigne la composition photographique au cinéma au « State College « (plus tard renommé en Russie State University Cinématographie). Dans la même période, il a enseigné à la société photographique professionnelle de Moscou  et a également travaillé comme caméraman à la First State Film Studio. Il travaille aussi beaucoup avec Vsevolod Meyerhold ( directeur d’une troupe de théatre) et d’autre troupe de théatre, et est proche d’un certain nombre d’acteurs ainsi de que de grand nom de la photographie.

En 1929, lors de la  révolution culturelle, la « vieille école” de la photographie soviétique ( dont il fait partie)  est désignée comme une photographie réalisée par  « dépravé » et il perd sa notoriété et n’est plus le photographe à qui l’on accorde des faveurs. En effet, la nouvelle politique culturelle a dicté que n’importe quel érotisme sous quelque  forme artistique que ce soit était un « restant d’oisiveté bourgeoise » et inconvenant pour la société soviétique.

Pourtant Grinberg , continue et en 1935 il  expose des photographies  de femmes partiellement habillées , ce qui lui vaut son arrestation et une condamnation par le Comité spécial de NKVD (Commissariat populaire de l’Intérieur) au bagne ( autrement dit Goulag)pour  diffusion de pornographie.Au bout de quatre année d’enfer,  il est finalement libéré pour la bonne conduite ,en 1939.

[Vous verrez que la plupart de ses clichés de nus sont réalisés entre les années 1900 et 1930 , aujourd’hui l’histoire écrite, on comprend pourquoi il n’a pu continué librement à exercer son art. Tous les travaux de cette époque n’ont pas été détruits que cela arrivait généralement et ce grâce à son frère aîné qui a réussi à cacher les négatifs durant de nombreuses années. C’est donc pourquoi, la majorité des photos que vous verrez , ont été retirées après la seconde guerre mondiale, et n’ont plus ce grain si particulier du pictoralisme. Rares sont les photographies qui sont tirées dans des teintes particulières. ]

A sa sortie du goulag, il a repris rapidement son travail de photographe et il collabore avec de nombreuses d’institutions, des musées et enseigne la photographie. Après la guerre il a travaillé avec les modèles et les couturiers tout au long des années 1950.

Sa vie entière a été consacrée à la photographie, qu’il n’a jamais abandonnée, même dans les plus difficiles de circonstances. Encore une fois, cet homme est la preuve, que de tout temps les artistes sont persécutés et emprisonnés , nous en avons déjà parlé et bons nombres d’artistes présentés sur le blog ont été dans le même cas.

Biographie  plus complète sur le site Russian Photographs [ English],  ( ce texte a été ecrit par © Evgeny Berezner and Irina Tchmyrevapour l’exposition   » Russian Pictorialism » en  2002, et pas par la personne qui vend les photographies ( mais çà aussi , ce n’est pas cité )

La majorité des photographies se trouvent  sur le site Russian Photographs, mais les dates sont approximatives , ainsi que les noms des personnes photographiées manquantes , vous y trouverez également d’autres travaux, en plus petits formats bien entendu,  comme la publicité, les portraits des têtes couronnées de l’époque, des paysages, sa série l’art du Mouvement dans l’esprit de la nouvelle culture russe : « Un corps parfait pour une civilisation parfaite ».

[Rajout Le 17 février  2012/  Je n’ai rien changé aux tonalités des photographies ce qui ne semblerait être une hérésie, ( plus haut  il est expliqué que les négatifs ont été cachés et ce durant plus de 15 années pour éviter que les autorités Russes ne détruisent tout son fond). Un site qui est sur wordpress ( dantébea pour ne pas la citer,  a changé toutes les tonalités des photographies ( Quel respect pour les artistes, au passage… ) et qui de surcroit se contente de vous dire via russian photographer,  sans hyper lien, c’est tellement plus facile…), et qui copie joyeusement mes articles,  Quel respect pour les artistes, au passage… tout n’est que copié collé et bien sur sans le copyright) . Dans toutes les photos qu’elle a prises elle les a coloriser dans une teinte jaunâtre, , allez trouver ce genre de jaune dans un bon tirage photographique et surtout dans le mouvement pictoraliste !!!!!  jamais de teinte jaunâtre( ou alors le photographe ou le développeur était vraiment mauvais) ….Par ailleurs le texte figurant sur le site

ICI  vous avez ici les dates précises, ainsi que le noms des modèles, acteurs, danseurs, personnalités , la source étant le livre  « Aleksandr Grinberg, Khranitel` Traditsii: 1885-1979. – Il. – (Fotograficheskoe Nasledie).Lazarev M.P.Edité par Art-Rodnik, Russian Federation, 2012 ( il ne vaut pas très cher, moins de 20 euros, mais il est en russe… ensuite il faut traduire..) ici sur amazon ( il semble plus cher deux années après….)

Les nus voilés 1910-1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude with veil and pearls, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude with veil and pearls, 1928 (portrait de Веры Холодной? voir plus bas The Theatre of Meyerhold )

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, Moscou, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, Moscou, 1928 (portrait de Веры Холодной? voir plus bas The Theatre of Meyerhold )

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude,(Akt) , 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude,(Akt) , 1928 (portrait de Веры Холодной? voir plus bas The Theatre of Meyerhold )

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude,(Akt) , 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude,(Akt) , 1928 (portrait de Веры Холодной? voir plus bas The Theatre of Meyerhold )

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude study (Stranger II) , Nataliya Grinberg, 1926 - Copie

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude study (Stranger II) , Nataliya Grinberg, 1926 – Copie

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude study (Stranger) , 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude study (Stranger) , 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude- 1913-14_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude- 1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait du femme-1913-14_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait du femme-1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait du femme ( remanié, 1920)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait du femme ( remanié, 1920)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Untitled, 1920′s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Untitled, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Untitled, 1920′s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Untitled, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study with veil Moscou, 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study with veil Moscou, 1920s

Alexander Grinberg- Veiled nude study 1920

Alexander Grinberg- Veiled nude study 1920

Les nus des années 1910-1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Tamara Lavrova, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Tamara Lavrova, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Study of Nude,Tamara Lavrova 1925 s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Study of Nude,Tamara Lavrova 1925

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude study Moscou, 1929

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude study Moscou, 1929

Alexandre Grinberg - Nude Study with veil, 1920s

Alexandre Grinberg – Nude Study with veil, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study, 1920-e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Baigneuse. 1924-25_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Baigneuse. 1924-25

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Maria Peschanaya, 1920s 1_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Maria Peschanaya, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Asya Zagorskaya, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Asya Zagorskaya, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Marguerite Chardinina, 1920 1_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Marguerite Chardinina, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Marguerite Chardinina ,1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Marguerite Chardinina ,1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Marguerite Chardinina ,1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Marguerite Chardinina ,1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Marguerite Chardinina, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Marguerite Chardinina, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study, Marguerite Chardinina 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study, ( peut -être Marguerite Chardinina) 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nina Fralou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nina Fralou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Nina Fralou1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, Nina Fralou1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study with umbrella, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study with umbrella, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Nude Study 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Seated nude with a cup, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg Reclining nude, 1925 (3)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Reclining nude, 1925

Alexander Grinberg-Bather, (Badende) , 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-Bather, (Badende) , 1924

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study ,1928

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study ,1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude with Beads, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude with Beads, 1928

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study with ball, 1930

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study with ball, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924 4

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude study Moscou, 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, -Catherine Lopatina , 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, -Catherine Lopatina , 1925-30

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Catherine Lopatina, 1924

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study, Moscou, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study, Moscou, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study, Moscou, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study, Moscou, 1928

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Mosel Galya)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Mosel Galya)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 Maria Peschanaya

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 Maria Peschanaya

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Maria-Peschanaya)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Maria-Peschanaya)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - nude Nataliya Grinberg, 1925s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – nude Nataliya Grinberg, 1925s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920-24

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude study Moscou, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Barskaya Chardynina)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930 (Barskaya Chardynina)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, 1930s_

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Study of nude, 1930s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Nude, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Nude, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-, Nude dark tonality, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-, Nude dark tonality, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-, Nude dark tonality, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg-, Nude dark tonality, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Reclining Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Reclining Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Grinberg -Reclining Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Grinberg -Reclining Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Grinberg- Nude Study, Dark Tone, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930_e1

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Study of nude, 1930

The Theatre of Meyerhold

Meyerhold est reconnu comme un important innovateur de théâtre du XXe siècle et notamment le créateur d’un nouveau système d’acte a appelé “biomechanics”( En insistant fortement sur ​​la nécessité de la simplicité et la puissance d’une scène nue, dans les années 1920, il a commencé à utiliser un mode de conception de jeu appelé constructivisme. Cette approche axée sur la fonction de décor et jeux à niveaux multiples , avec des rampes  entre les plates-formes) .  il a étudié à l’école de théâtre de la Société philharmonique de Moscou et rejoint le Théâtre d’Art de Moscou de l ‘(MAT) société agissant en 1898.
Ses approches et innovations ont laissé une impression durable sur le monde du théâtre et son influence est évidente dans le travail du célèbre metteur en scène et dramaturge, Bertolt Brecht.  plus d’ Informations  sur Vsevolod Meyerhold et Ici ( Anglais)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude Study with veil ( The Theatre of Meyerhold ), 1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Nude Study with veil ( The Theatre of Meyerhold ), 1913-14

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - The Theatre of Meyerhold ,1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – The Theatre of Meyerhold ,1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait de l'actrice Веры Холодной ( trad Robe de foi!!!) dans un costume bohémien, The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1914

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait de l’actrice Веры Холодной ( trad Robe de foi!!!) dans un costume bohémien, The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1914

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

pour la photo suivante,  je vous mets les deux tirages, afin de voir la différence entre les tirages  datant de l’époque et ceux réalisés plus tard ( premier cliché source Musée Russe, second cliché , le livre cité plus haut). la différence est énorme.

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Oriental Dance, Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Oriental Dance, Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - , Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – , Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - , Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – , Ballet dancer Maria Pechananya, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait of two actors of The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait of two actors of The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait an actor of , The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920s Moscou,

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait an actor of , The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920s Moscou,

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg L'Étude, Ballet dancer Maria Pechan ( The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg L’Étude, Ballet dancer Maria Pechan ( The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Maria Peschanaya The Theatre of Meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Tamara Lavrova, -Actress The theatre of meyerhold, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Tamara Lavrova, -Actress The theatre of meyerhold, 1920

Autres Portraits de différents acteurs de l’époque

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait Vera Kholodnaya, ca 1914

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait Vera Kholodnaya, ca 1914

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Vera Kholodnaya ,1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Vera Kholodnaya ,1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Vera Kholodnaya ,1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Vera Kholodnaya ,1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg Vera Kholodnayaca and a friend, 1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg Vera Kholodnayaca and a friend, 1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Vera Kholodnaia, 1919

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Vera Kholodnaia, 1919

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Nataliya Grinberg, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Nataliya Grinberg, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Nataliya Grinberg, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Nataliya Grinberg, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait actress , 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait actress , 1920s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait of an unknown actress, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait of an unknown actress, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, Woman with star, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, Woman with star, 1923

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal'menkova, , 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal’menkova, , 1920 ( pas tirage d’époque)

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal'menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal’menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal'menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal’menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal'menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait of Zina Kal’menkova, ca 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Portrait of an actress, 1925

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg- Portrait of an actress, 1925

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait de Natacha, 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait de Natacha, 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait de Natacha, 1925s_e

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -Portrait de Natacha, 1925s

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, Moscou, , 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, Moscou, , 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, Moscou, 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, Moscou, 1910-15

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -unknown model, Actress’ Portrait.1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg -unknown model, Actress’ Portrait.1910

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, , 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, , 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, 1920

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Portrait, , 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Portrait, , 1926

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg - Self-Portrait, 1916

Alexander Danilovich Grinberg – Self-Portrait, 1916

 

More article about Alexander Danilovich Grinberg

Tilla Durieux

Born Ottilie Godeffroy, the daughter of the Austrian chemist Richard Godeffroy (1847–1895), she trained as an actress in Vienna, her native town, and gave her debut at the Moravian Theatre in Olmütz (Olomouc) in 1901/02.

The next season she got an engagement in Breslau (Wrocław). From 1903 she worked with Max Reinhardt at the Deutsches Theater in Berlin and with a group of expressionist artists around Kurt Hiller and Jakob van Hoddis.

In 1911 Durieux entered the stage of the Lessing Theater where, on November 1, 1913, she became the second actress to perform the role Eliza Doolittle in a German language production of George Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion, half a year before its English premiere on April 11, 1914. From 1915 she performed at the Royal Schauspielhaus Berlin.[ In 1904, Durieux married the Berlin Secession painter Eugen Spiro, and after their divorce, she remarried in 1910 the successful art dealer and editor Paul Cassirer, who committed suicide in a room next to the court room that pronounced their divorce. Soon after, Durieux married general director Ludwig Katzenellenbogen. In 1927 they were the main financiers of Erwin Piscator’s Neues Schauspielhaus project. Durieux was a public character of 1920s Berlin and associated with numerous celebrities like the famous photographer Frieda Riess.

In 1933, Durieux and her husband left Germany for Switzerland to escape Nazi rule. She continued to perform at the Vienna Theater in der Josefstadt and in Prague.

In 1937 she moved to Zagreb, Croatia (then in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) where she became a member of the International Red Aid. Durieux unsuccessfully tried to obtain visa for the United States; in 1941 Ludwig Katzenellenbogen was arrested by Gestapo agents in Thessaloniki and deported to Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he was killed in 1944.

Durieux returned to West Germany in 1952, appearing on stages in Berlin, Hamburg and Münster.

Franz von Stuck (or Mary von Stuck) showing Tilla Durieux in the role of Circe. 1912 The photo served as a model for the painting Tilla Durieux as Circe by Franz von Stuck

Franz von Stuck (or Mary von Stuck) showing Tilla Durieux in the role of Circe. 1912 The photo served as a model for the painting Tilla Durieux as Circe by Franz von Stuck

Tilla Durieux as Circe by Franz von Stuck

Tilla Durieux als Cleopatra im Münchener Künstlertheater von 1913 by Isidore Hirsch München

Portrait of the actress Tilla Durieux by Isidor Hirsch, 1908

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 1920s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Potiphar’s wife in the ballet Josefslegende in Berlin 1921 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Potiphar’s wife in the ballet Josefslegende in Berlin 1921 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux, German actress. Photography.1914. Photo by Imagno

Tilla Durieux in her home by V.H.Leiser, Berlin, 1910s

Tilla Durieux Photo by Isidor Hirsch, 1910s

Tilla Durieux 1905 Foto Jacob Hilsdorf

Tilla Durieux-1910 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-1910 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux- in ‘Josephs legende’, 1921 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux as Hebbel, Judith, 1910 postcard, Picture by arelier Becker

Tilla Durieux as Hebbel, Judith, 1910 postcard, Picture by arelier Becker

Tilla Durieux as ‘Delila’ in the play ‘Simson’ by Frank Wedekind, 1914, Picture by Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux as ‘Delila’ in the play ‘Simson’ by Frank Wedekind, 1914, Picture by Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux William Shakespeare, Sommernachtstraum Tilla Durieux als Oberon- vermutl. 1905 Photo by ullstein bild

Tilla Durieux  in « Grosse Liebe » bt Heinrich Mann photo by  Berker and Maaß,1913

 

Sasha

Alexander ‘Sasha’ Stewart, born 1892 in Edinburgh, moved to London and launched his professional photography career in 1914. In 1920, Sasha opened his first London studio in Bloomsbury. A technical virtuoso and popular amongst the upper class, the photographer’s theatrical and society portraits were frequently seen in sophisticated journals such as The Tatler, The Sketch and Illustrated London News.

As brilliant as he was charming, Sasha was known for his inventions and studio innovations, none more so than the Sashalite. Produced by General Electric with key input from the photographer, the Sashalite debuted in 1930 and was the first commercial flashbulb available in the UK. Sasha used the powerful light generated by the bulbs to capture his trendsetting and signature dramatic shadows and frozen motion.

Esme Fitzgibbon British actress in costume as Madeline for a stage production of ‘The Ratby sasha.1924

The English ballerina Dame Margot Fonteyn (Margaret Hookham) (1919 – 1991) holding a mask by sasha. 1920-30

A Norman Hartnell evening gown. by sasha. 1920-30

The Australian beauty Dorothy Blanchard, who has just left London to join the Ziegfeld Follies, reclining on a sumptuous bed. by sasha. 1925

The English actress Hermione Baddeley (1906 – 1986).. by sasha. 19220-30

Alice Joyce (1890 – 1955) in London to play the lead in a film, ‘The Passionate Adventure’. by sasha.1925

A woman wearing a fashionable hat decorated with leaf motifs by Peron. by sasha. 1925

A woman wearing a cloche hat decorated with flowers by sasha.1925-30

A unknown model wearing a Paquin feathered headdress. by sasha.1920-25

A woman wearing a fashionable woven hat decorated with jewellery by Peron. by sasha. 1925

A woman wearing a jewelled headdress designed by Paquin by sasha.1924

advertissement for A Schiaparelli hat by sasha. 1930s

An actress appearing in the play ‘Libel’ at the Playhouse theatre. . by sasha.1934

Portrait if the Dancer Kyra Alanova. . by sasha.1929

Show ring rider Mrs Sam Marsh wearing a top hat and a veil over her face. . by sasha.1920

The English actress Vivien Leigh (1913 – 1967). Original Publication in People Disc by sasha.Nd

Frances Day (1907 – 1984) in ‘Floodlight’.by sasha.1925

American authoress Anita Loos, who wrote ‘Gentleman Prefer Blondes’.. by sasha. nd

British actress Dorothy Seacombe by sasha. 1926

Lady Castlerosse modelling the medieval-style costume and wimple she will wear to the Galaxy Ball Pageant, held at London’s Park Lane Hotel. by sasha.1929

The American dancer, Ardath de Sales in costume for ‘Mercenary’, a show at London’s Hippodrome Theatre. by sasha. 1925

Entertainer Elsa McFarlane stands on the bonnet of a Rolls Royce car, mimicking the Silver Lady figurine, in a production of ‘The Co-Optimists’, at the Vaudeville Theatre in Londonby sasha. 1929

Dancer Muriel Gaunt by sasha. 1939

The Australian dancer Dorothy Blanchard, who has just left London to join the Ziegfeld Follies, sitting by the fireplace by sasha. 1925

The Film actress Marjory Brooks. by sasha.1927

Cecily Byrne as Lydia Webster in the Lyric Theatre’s production of ‘Baby Cyclone’. by sasha.1928

Catherine Lacy as Ricciada in the first production of ‘Night’s Candles’, at the Queen Theatre. by sasha.1933

The Glamorous Australian dancer Dorothy Blanchard smoking a cigarette. by sasha.1925

 

Kyra Nijinsky (1913 – 1998), daughter of the famous Russian dancer and one of the principals of ‘Cochran’s Streamline Revue’ at the Palace Theatre, London.. by sasha.1930s

Chorus girls in Felix Ferry’s Monte Carlo Follies are performing in London at Grosvenor House.. by sasha. 1930s

The Dancer Laura Devine performing a shadow dance during a production of C B Cochran’s show ‘This Year of Grace’ at the London Pavilion. by sasha.1928

A dancer dancing in a British National Opera Company production at His Majesty’s Theatre, London by sasha. 1924

Stanislawa Welska performs an exotic dance which produces a dramatic shadow. by sasha. 19330s

A dancer cowering from a shadowed pair of hands looming over her on stage. by sasha. 1930

The Singer and dancer Bunty Pain, one of Cecil B Cochran’s chorus girls, wearing a diaphanous dress. by sasha. 1929

Tilly Losch (1904 – 1974) dancing in an extravagant costume, in a scene from the show `Wake Up And Dream’. by sasha.1929

The Dancer and actress Tilly Losch (1904 – 1974), one of the principals in ‘Streamline Revue. by sasha.1934

Tilly Losch and Tony Birkmayr in ‘Wake Up And Dream’ at the London Pavilion Theatre. by sasha.1929

Austrian dancer Tilly Losch and Roman Jasinsky dancing in a production of the ballet ‘Errante’ at the Savoy Theatre, London, with choreography by George Balanchine, and costumes by Paul Tchelitchev sasha. 19230s

A couple dancing the Charleston in a scene from the play ‘Just A Kiss’ at the Shaftesbury Theatre, London. by sasha.Nd

dancer and choreographer Serge Lifar and classical Russian ballerina Alice Nikitina performing the Russian ballet La Chatte (‘The Cat) Music H .Saguet, choreography G. Balanchine, designs Gabo and Pevsner. by sasha.1927

Nini Theilade, Indonesian ballet dancer, adopting a ballet pose for a studio portrait by sasha. 1933

Musical comedy actress Jessie Matthews (1907 – 1981) poses in a swimsuit. by sasha.1931

The Russian ballet dancer Alexandra Danilova (1904 – 1997) dancing in a Diaghilev production of ‘Swan Lake’ by sasha.1926

The Actress Binnie Hale dancing in the musical comedy, ‘Mr Cinders’, at the Adelphi Theatre, London by sasha. 1929

Dancing nymphs, in a scene from the play ‘Comus’ at the Open Air Theatre, Regents Park, London by sasha.1934

Members of the Margaret Morris dance troupe dancing out-of-door in accordance with the Margaret Morris Movement (MMM) interpretation of dance.. by sasha.1927

Tap dancers in ‘Voila Les Dames’ at the Prince of Wales Theatre. London hold hearts in front of them as they dance by sasha.1935

British actress Jessie Matthews (1907 – 1981) wearing a headdress decorated with ostrich feathers for her appearance in Charles B Cochran’s musical spectacular ‘Ever Green’ at the Adelphi Theatre, London. by sasha.1930

Binnie Hale surrounded by a huge plume of feathers in the show, `Mr Cinders’’. by sasha.1929

An unusual view of the ‘Albertina Rasch Girls’ who appear in the show, ‘Wild Violets’ at the Drury Lane Theatre, London by sasha.1933

The Albertina Rasch chorus girls who are appearing in ‘Wild Violets.by sasha.1933

The Albertina Rasch Girls who appear in the show ‘Wild Violets’. From top to bottom Inga Anderson, Nosie Dale and Vida McLain..by sasha.1932

The English ballet dancer Leslie Burrows performing a dance entitled ‘Fear’. by sasha.1934

A woman standing on a beach. by sasha.1930

A couple kissing in a scene from the play ‘Just A Kiss’ at the Shaftesbury Theatre, London. by sasha. 1926

American dancers Estelle & Leroy, in action at the Savoy Hotel, London. by sasha. 1934

Composer and actor Ivor Novello (1892 – 1951) with just his face seen peering through a spy hole in a door by sasha. 1928

The English ballerina Dame Margot Fonteyn (Margaret Hookham) (1919 – 1991) holding a mask by sasha. 1920-30

A close-up of the hands of Jessie Matthews (1907 – 1981), dancer and film-star. by sasha.1930

Chorus girls singing on stage, whilst wearing eye masks by sasha.1930

A group in a model boat in a scene from the show ‘Peggy Ann’, at the Dalys Theatre by sasha.1927

English actress and dancer Phyllis Monkman (1892 – 1976) with Welsh composer and actor Ivor Novello (1893 – 1951) in ‘Downhill’ at the Queens Theatre. by sasha.1926

Noel Coward (1899 – 1973) and Gertrude Lawrence (1898 – 1952) in ‘Private Lives’ at the Phoenix theatre by sasha.Nd

Santa Proud Fashions by sasha.1930s

Ruby Stewart, currently appearing in a musical at the Gaiety Theatre, London by sasha.1937

Stage and screen actress Joyce Bland (1906-1963), who is currently playing the lead role in ‘Mary Bloome’ at the Embassy Theatre. by sasha.1931

Stage and screen actress Joyce Bland (1906-1963), who is currently playing the lead role in ‘Mary Bloome’ at the Embassy Theatre. by sasha.1931

The actress Elsie Fergusonas as Lizzie Parsons, in “Footlights”. Directed by John S. Robertson 1921 Promotional picture by Paramount Pictures (see the dress here)

The actress Elsie Fergusonas  as Lizzie Parsons, in  “Footlights”. Directed by  John S. Robertson 1921 Promotional picture by  Paramount Pictures (see the dress here)

Trude Fleischmann

Trude  Fleischmann - Austrian stage and film actress Helene Ottilie Thimig  , Vienna c. 1930 Vintage silver print, postcard

Trude Fleischmann – Austrian stage and film actress Helene Ottilie Thimig , Vienna c. 1930 Vintage silver print, postcard

Trude  Fleischmann – Austrian stage and film actress Helene Ottilie Thimig

, Vienna c. 1930 Vintage silver print, postcard

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong’s hands , 1925-26

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1926 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1926 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925-26 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925-26 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

E.O. Hoppé- Anna May Wong, 1925 © E.O. Hoppé Corbis

je l’ai ai achetées donc je les marque puisque personne n’est capable , sauf les bons !!! de citer ses sources; je découvre des sites comme je ne le citerai pas, ( pas de pub pour lui) où mon blog en entier y est!!! Des magazines comme juxtapoz sinon, et ne parlons de the redlist là c’est le bouquet !!!!!

Cela en est assez des personnes qui se servent, qui ne se demandent pas si l’on paie pour avoir ces photos, si on achète des livres, si on redimensionne les photographies, si on les nettoie.

Le self service gratuit. Je dis Non.

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