Tilla Durieux

Born Ottilie Godeffroy, the daughter of the Austrian chemist Richard Godeffroy (1847–1895), she trained as an actress in Vienna, her native town, and gave her debut at the Moravian Theatre in Olmütz (Olomouc) in 1901/02.

The next season she got an engagement in Breslau (Wrocław). From 1903 she worked with Max Reinhardt at the Deutsches Theater in Berlin and with a group of expressionist artists around Kurt Hiller and Jakob van Hoddis.

In 1911 Durieux entered the stage of the Lessing Theater where, on November 1, 1913, she became the second actress to perform the role Eliza Doolittle in a German language production of George Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion, half a year before its English premiere on April 11, 1914. From 1915 she performed at the Royal Schauspielhaus Berlin.[ In 1904, Durieux married the Berlin Secession painter Eugen Spiro, and after their divorce, she remarried in 1910 the successful art dealer and editor Paul Cassirer, who committed suicide in a room next to the court room that pronounced their divorce. Soon after, Durieux married general director Ludwig Katzenellenbogen. In 1927 they were the main financiers of Erwin Piscator’s Neues Schauspielhaus project. Durieux was a public character of 1920s Berlin and associated with numerous celebrities like the famous photographer Frieda Riess.

In 1933, Durieux and her husband left Germany for Switzerland to escape Nazi rule. She continued to perform at the Vienna Theater in der Josefstadt and in Prague.

In 1937 she moved to Zagreb, Croatia (then in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) where she became a member of the International Red Aid. Durieux unsuccessfully tried to obtain visa for the United States; in 1941 Ludwig Katzenellenbogen was arrested by Gestapo agents in Thessaloniki and deported to Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he was killed in 1944.

Durieux returned to West Germany in 1952, appearing on stages in Berlin, Hamburg and Münster.

Franz von Stuck (or Mary von Stuck) showing Tilla Durieux in the role of Circe. 1912 The photo served as a model for the painting Tilla Durieux as Circe by Franz von Stuck

Franz von Stuck (or Mary von Stuck) showing Tilla Durieux in the role of Circe. 1912 The photo served as a model for the painting Tilla Durieux as Circe by Franz von Stuck

Tilla Durieux as Circe by Franz von Stuck

Tilla Durieux als Cleopatra im Münchener Künstlertheater von 1913 by Isidore Hirsch München

Portrait of the actress Tilla Durieux by Isidor Hirsch, 1908

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 1920s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Anna Countess Werdenfels in The Marquis of Keith 192s Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Potiphar’s wife in the ballet Josefslegende in Berlin 1921 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-as Potiphar’s wife in the ballet Josefslegende in Berlin 1921 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux, German actress. Photography.1914. Photo by Imagno

Tilla Durieux in her home by V.H.Leiser, Berlin, 1910s

Tilla Durieux Photo by Isidor Hirsch, 1910s

Tilla Durieux 1905 Foto Jacob Hilsdorf

Tilla Durieux-1910 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux-1910 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux- in ‘Josephs legende’, 1921 Picture by arelier Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux as Hebbel, Judith, 1910 postcard, Picture by arelier Becker

Tilla Durieux as Hebbel, Judith, 1910 postcard, Picture by arelier Becker

Tilla Durieux as ‘Delila’ in the play ‘Simson’ by Frank Wedekind, 1914, Picture by Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux as ‘Delila’ in the play ‘Simson’ by Frank Wedekind, 1914, Picture by Becker & Maaß

Tilla Durieux William Shakespeare, Sommernachtstraum Tilla Durieux als Oberon- vermutl. 1905 Photo by ullstein bild

Tilla Durieux  in « Grosse Liebe » bt Heinrich Mann photo by  Berker and Maaß,1913

 

Protégé : Lee Miller (1907-1977)

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Fritz Henle – Nieves, a model of Diego Rivera, Cuernavaca, Mexico. 1943

Fritz Henle – Nieves, a model of Diego Rivera, Cuernavaca, Mexico. 1943

Brassaï- Picasso & Jean Marais posing as painter and model, 1944

 

 

 

François Antoine Vizzavona (1876-1961)

François Antoine Vizzavona etait une photographe français collaborant beaucoup avec les artistes de son époque à la fois en photographiant leur modèles au sein de leurs ateliers afin qu’il puisse travailler à partir des photos ( tout comme l’a fait Mucha à cette même époque d’ailleurs), nouveau procédé par lequel les peintres etaient attirés.Mais il fût aussi le photographe exclusif pour de nombreux salons d’art entre 1900 et 1915, ce qui lui valut d’être le principal photographe des oeuvres picturales de l’époque.

toutes ses photographies ont etaient données et se trouvent Ici

François Antoine Vizzavona  - Portrait document pour le peintre Romaine Brooks, probablement entre 1915-20 (C)  Franck Raux

François Antoine Vizzavona – Portrait document pour le peintre Romaine Brooks, probablement entre 1915-20 (C) Franck Raux  voirl’article sur Romaine Brooks ici  et Ici ( article sur la danseuse Ida Rubinstein)

François Antoine Vizzavona-Portrait d’un modèle de Marthe Jouanne-Hugonnet,1922

Vizzavona François Antoine- « Coquetterie » Portrait d’un modèle de Marthe Jouanne-Hugonnet, 1922
[exposé au Salon des Artistes Français de 1922]

François Antoine Vizzavona -Portrait document pour bernard Joseph ( sans certitude), 1899  (C)  Daniel Arnaudet

François Antoine Vizzavona -Portrait document pour bernard Joseph ( sans certitude), 1899 (C) Daniel Arnaudet

François Antoine Vizzavona -Armand Dayot (1851-1934), créateur et directeur de la Revue l'Art et les Artistes, En compagnie de sa femme, et sa fille déguisés en Espagnol, 1909 (C) RMN

François Antoine Vizzavona -Armand Dayot (1851-1934), créateur et directeur de la Revue l’Art et les Artistes, En compagnie de sa femme, et sa fille déguisés en Espagnol, 1909 (C) RMN