Underwood & Underwood

Underwood & Underwood -active Ottawa, Canada and New York 1880s – 1940s, Photographer (Photography, Stereoscopic, Photojournalism),  Publisher. The Underwood brothers, Elmer (1859-1947) and Bert (1862-1943) began the company by selling stereoscopes door to door.TThe company originally sold stereoscopic , as well as home stereoscope kits. The company grew rapidly, eventually moving to New York (1887), producing its own photographs (1891). By 1901, they were selling 300,000 stereoscopes a year and producing more than 25,000 cards a day. The company established branches in Baltimore, London, and Canada, and relocated their headquarters to New York City in 1891. They providing photographs to newspapers (1896), and establishing a wire-service-like sales agency (1904). They sold their back catalogue and rights to the Keystone View Company (which was subsequently acquired by Mast Industries in the 1970s.) in 1920 and unincorporated in the early 1940’s.

Underwood and Underwood dominated the news-photography industry until 1920

An army of freelance news photographers was fielded and newspaper and magazine publishers seeking to break away from traditional line drawings and wood cut illustrations clamored for Underwood and Underwood prolific output.

Around 1904 they set up a sales agency that would virtually dominate the news photo field for the next 30 years.  For exemple they were activs in the Moffett Studio ( partnership between Evan Albert Evans and camera artist George Moffett in 1905). In the latter 1910s, Moffett turned over the theatrical photography to camera artist Paul R. Stone who, though he was not granted credit on images, was allowed to voice expert opinions under his own name in the press. Stone handled the celebrity shoots until Evan Evans turned over direction of the studio to a management team appointed by Underwood and Underwood in mid-1920s. At that juncture he joined Raymor Studios in Chicago, a gallery that ran a diversified business in the city. Rebranded the Paul R. Stone-Raymor Studios they remained an active business from the 1920s through the 1940s. However, the arrest by the F.B.I. of studio employee Earnest D. Wallis for possession of photographs of classified plans for the A bomb in 1947 fatally damaged the studio’s reputation. In the 1940s, Underwood & Underwood sold Moffett Studio to the partnership of Robert T. McKearnan and Jack Russell.

More on wikipedia.org

Of course, those are not the Stereoscopes interest in their work,  although that is what retains them. Rather, it is the second phase of their development which I like. Beautiful portraits , including the greatest artists of the time. They published mainly in magazines, (I put an example of what they could be asked to produce. ) , Which restricts the possibility of finding proof silver gelatin prints . No Nudes this time , but still the favorites subjects : Actresses years 1910-20s , dance, and the improbable event testimony. The next time i will propose  fashion photos and other artists)

( But i really like this album ( Publisher) ,   » Is Marriage a Failure? »

Underwood & Underwood and the actress Theda Bara

[More about their collaboration HERE]

Underwood and Underwood- Theda Bara, from the book Amillion and one Nights, a history of the motion Picture by Terry Ramsaye . Ed° Routlege, 2012

Underwood and Underwood- Theda Bara, from the book Amillion and one Nights, a history of the motion Picture by Terry Ramsaye . Ed° Routlege, 2012

Underwood & Underwood- Portrait of Theda Bara , Autographed © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Portrait of Theda Bara , Autographed , 1915 © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood - Theda Bara, as the vampire , in A Fool There Was directed by Frank Powell, 1915 variante

Underwood & Underwood – Theda Bara, as the vampire , in A Fool There Was directed by Frank Powell, 1915 variante

Underwood & Underwood-Theda Bara, 1916

Underwood & Underwood-Theda Bara, 1916

Underwood & Underwood-Theda Bara, 1916, [Direction William Fox], New York publicity For newspaper and magazines ( courtesy UCLA arts library)

Underwood & Underwood-Theda Bara, 1916, [Direction William Fox], New York publicity For newspaper and magazines ( courtesy UCLA arts library)

 

 

Theda Bara by Underwood & Underwood Studios, N.Y.1915

 

 

Underwood & Underwood- Theda Bara, 1915

Underwood & Underwood- Theda Bara, 1915

Underwood & Underwood- Theda Bara, 1915

Underwood & Underwood- Theda Bara, 1915

another one chicago tribune.1917

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Underwood & Underwood and Performer,  Personality, Dancer, Painter, Actress, Still Life

 

The actress Virginia Pearson,posing for a risque shot. by Underwood & Underwood studio, 1926

Nude Study of Billie Dove, Motion Picture Star Ziegfeld. Photo by © Underwood & Underwood

Nude Study by © Underwood & Underwood, around 1915-1920

Underwood & Underwood-Isadora Duncan Performing on Beach, 1910s © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Isadora Duncan Performing on Beach, 1910s © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Agnes Boone, left,dancing with her sister, Honorita in New York City, March 16, 1927 Photo by Underwood & Underwood

Underwood & Underwood Anna may wong in Chicago1925

Underwood & Underwood Anna may wong in Chicago1925

Billie Dove Posing Nude around 1920 Photo by Underwood & Underwood

ca. 1910, USA --- Two women in swimwear enjoy a tandem bike ride down the beach with parasols in hand. --- Image by © Underwood & Underwood/Underwood & Underwood/Corbis

ca. 1910, USA — Two women in swimwear enjoy a tandem bike ride down the beach with parasols in hand. — Image by © Underwood & Underwood/Underwood & Underwood/Corbis

Mae West Starring in The Heat’s On1943 Photo by Underwood & Underwood

Underwood & Underwood-Miss Helen Mead of Washington Wearing Diving Cap Resembling a Rooster at the Lake Placid Swimming Club.© Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Miss Helen Mead of Washington Wearing Diving Cap Resembling a Rooster at the Lake Placid Swimming Club.© Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Mary Philbin on Chick-Drawn Cart Original caption by Rather Novel, nd © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis.

Underwood & Underwood-Mary Philbin on Chick-Drawn Cart Original caption by Rather Novel, nd © Underwood & Underwood- Corbis.

Underwood & Underwood- Miss Sonja Henie (Olympic Games champion)1928 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Miss Sonja Henie (Olympic Games champion)1928 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Virginia Pearson 1920s. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Virginia Pearson 1920s. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Portrait of Valeska Suratt, 1920s. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Portrait of Valeska Suratt, 1920s. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Dorothy Bernard (1890-1955) in 1920s Egypt. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Dorothy Bernard (1890-1955) in 1920s Egypt. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Dorothy Bernard (1890-1955) in 1920s Egypt. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood- Dorothy Bernard (1890-1955) in 1920s Egypt. Gelatin silver print (Coll Roger Corbeau)

Underwood & Underwood-lore Revalles( russian Dancer) studies the motion of snakes to gain ideas for her new serpent dance, vening public ledger., October 05, 1916

Underwood & Underwood-lore Revalles( russian Dancer) studies the motion of snakes to gain ideas for her new serpent dance, vening public ledger., October 05, 1916 Found Here

Underwood & Underwood- The dancer Flore Revalles with a snake, 1916

Underwood & Underwood- The dancer Flore Revalles with a snake, 1916

Underwood & Underwood- Miss Eleanor Link, 16 year, Wrestling an Alligator © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Miss Eleanor Link, 16 year, Wrestling an Alligator © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Dorothy Newell Wearing a Suffrage Slogan, 1900-1910s© Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood & Underwood-Dorothy Newell Wearing a Suffrage Slogan, 1900-1910s© Underwood & Underwood- Corbis

Underwood and Underwood Studios- Edith de Lis – American Opera singer.

Underwood and Underwood Studios.Photograph of unidentified dancer

Underwood & Underwood - Nina Foch

Underwood & Underwood – Nina Foch, nd

Underwood & Underwood- The Performer Lilyan Tashman, Washington DC, c.1923.

Underwood & Underwood- The Performer Lilyan Tashman, Washington DC, c.1923.

Underwood & Underwood-Margaret Horton, Dr. Waite’s Plaza companion, Mystery Woman in Peck poison case, 1916

Underwood & Underwood-Gabrielle Coco Chanel in suit and beret, 1931 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis.

Underwood & Underwood-Gabrielle Coco Chanel in suit and beret, 1931 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis.

Underwood & Underwood., Nearly a mile straight down and only a step–from Glacier Point (N.W.) across valley to Yosemite Falls, Yosemite, Cal. 1900-1910

Underwood & Underwood- Claude Monet standing in his studio with a panel of his Nympheas mural., Giverny, France , 1914-18 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Underwood & Underwood- Claude Monet standing in his studio with a panel of his Nympheas mural., Giverny, France , 1914-18 © Underwood & Underwood-Corbis

Arnold Genthe- an Isadora Duncan’s dancers , 1915

Arnold Genthe- an Isadora Duncan's dancers  , 1915

Arnold Genthe- an Isadora Duncan’s dancers , 1915