Baldomer Gili Roig

Baldomer Gili i Roig was a Catalan painter, draftsman and photographer. His father was a teacher and editor. His brother, Gustau (Gustavo, 1868–1945), became the founder of Editorial Gustavo Gili , a major publishing company. In 1882, the family moved to Irun, where he began his first art lessons with José Salís Camino , a marine artist and follower of Camille Corot. Six years later, the family returned to Barcelona and he enrolled at the Escola de la Llotja. It was there that he came under the influence of the Sorollistas and brightened his palette.

In 1890, he decided to go to Madrid and enter the « Escuela Especial de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado », attending the classes of Alejo Vera, who he admired. Seven years later, he ventured to Munich to further his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts, but was obliged to return home a year later due to the political crisis occasioned by the beginning of the Spanish–American War. In 1899, he had his first exhibition at the Sala Parés.

The following year, he held his first showing in his hometown and, with the help of Jaume Morera, received a stipend from the local government to study in Italy. At first, he lived in a Capuchin monastery near Rome, in Frascati, then at the Villa Strohl Fern in the Villa Borghese. While there, he sent paintings back to Lleida (to show that he was fulfilling the conditions of his stipend), and to an exposition in Paris. In 1901, he participated in the National Exhibition of Fine Arts.

After four years, he returned to Barcelona. In addition to his paintings, he provided illustrations for several notable publications, including L’Esquella de la Torratxa. Many of his drawings were signed « L’Alegret » (possibly a reference to Alegret, the Gascon troubadour). He also tried his hand at being a playwright. In 1909, the Teatre Apolo premiered his musical comedy La Canción de la Ninfa; written under the nom-de-plume « Emilio Roig », with music by Pedro Enrique de Ferrán.

He was fascinated with photography as well and almost always went about with a camera on hand, producing over a thousand glass plates, documenting the places and people in his life, which his descendants presented to the Museu d’Art Jaume Morera in 2009

Over the next decade, he continued to exhibit frequently and widely throughout Europe and South America, visiting Buenos Aires and Montevideo in 1925. He died of pneumonia at the end of 1926.

 

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model with veil outdoor,Roma c. 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Models , 1910 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig -Model around 1910 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model, 1900 – 1910 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model around 1910 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model 1910

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model 1910

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model , 1910, Barcelona, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model a l’estudi de l’artista (Barcelona), c.1914

Baldomer Gili Roig.Baldomer Gili Roig al seu estudi (Barcelona) 1904 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model dressed Pharaoh in the painter’s studio c. 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. in the painter’s studio (Roma) c. 1900-04, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig.Baldomer Gili Roig amb una model al seu estudi (Roma), 1900 – 1904 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Baldomer Gili Roig al seu estudi (Barcelona), 1899 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Baldomer Gili Roig al seu estudi (Barcelona), 1899 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig-Model a l’estudi del pintor (Barcelona), nd Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig-Model a l’estudi del pintor (Barcelona), c. 1910 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig-Model a l’estudi del pintor (Barcelona), c. 1910 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model in the painter’s studio (Barcelona), c. 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model in the painter’s studio (Barcelona), c. 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model in the painter’s studio (Barcelona), c. 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model in the painter’s studio c. 1900-04, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model a l’estudi del pintor , 1900-1904 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig.Model, nd Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model, 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model, Barcelona, c. 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model, Barcelona, c. 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Seating nude Model outdoor, c. 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model posing outdoor 1900-04, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model, Cala Bona (Blanes), Barcelona,around c. 1910, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Models (Roma), 1900 – 1904, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera.

Baldomer Gili Roig. Models (Roma), 1900 – 1904, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera.

Baldomer Gili Roig. Models (Roma), 1900 – 1910 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. painting a model, c. 1905, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Reclining Model outdoor 1900 – 1904, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

 

Baldomer Gili Roig. Couple (Barcelona) c. 1900-10, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Work ,Winter Sun c. 1900-10, Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Models , 1905-10 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig-Model 1910-1914 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Model (Roma), 1900 – 1910 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig.Model (Idarella), 1900 – 1904 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

 

Baldomer Gili Roig. Models (Il·lustració col·lecció postals), 1902Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig.Model (Cartell El Pueblo Vasco), 1900 – 1904 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig. Retrat d’Idarella (Roma), 1900 – 1904 , Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

 

Baldomer Gili i Roig. Autoretrat c. 1900.

Baldomer Gili Roig., Autoretrat, 1900 – 1904 – 1904 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Baldomer Gili Roig.Baldomer Gili Roig a l’estudi, 1900 – 1904 Museu d’Art Jaume Morera

Josef Breitenbach (1896 – 1984) Part II

Je vous propose aujourd’hui de poursuivre la découverte de Josef Breitenbach. Cette fois-ci nous laisserons de côté ses influences surréalistes et nous admirons ses fabuleux portraits, et nus et quelques photographies de voyages .

[Je vous suggère de ne pas manquer le premier article qui complète ce dernier, et qui vous permettra d’avoir une vue d’ensemble de l’entendue de son oeuvre ]

En 1932, Breitenbach ouvre son premier studio de photographie. Ses clients étaient des membres éminents de la bohème de Munich, (y compris les acteurs et actrices de la scène dans le théâtre de Munich.)  qui était alors un bastion des défenseurs des libertés et des personnes raffinées. Mais ce  monde a disparu en 1933 avec la prise de pouvoir d’Hitler.Plus que ses racines juives, le passé politique du photographe fait de  lui une cible à persécuter.  En Août 1933, avec son passeport, Breitenbach arrive en France, rejoignant d’autres exilés Allemands qui cherchent refuge à Paris.

La «révolution» surréaliste allait alors devenir dominante dans la scène artistique parisienne. Peu après son arrivée, Breitenbach est entré en contact avec André Breton et son entourage. Préférant conserver son indépendance, il n’a jamais été un membre du groupe surréaliste, mais a participé à des expositions importantes de la photographie surréaliste aux côtés de Man Ray, Jacques-André Boiffard, Brassaï, Eli Lotar, Henri Cartier-Bresson, et Roger Parry.

Breitenbach n’a vécu à Paris  que six ans, jusqu’à ce que la guerre  éclate en 1939, et pourtant, pendant cette période , il a produit certains de ses travaux les plus inventifs.  (Il a adopté plusieurs techniques favorisées par de nouveaux photographes tels que la surimpression, le montage, la solarisation, l’impression en négatif, et le photogramme. Plus important encore, il était l’un des rares artistes des années d’avant-guerre à produire des photographies en couleurs, ce qu’il a fait en utilisant des procédés tels que le blanchiment, la tonification et la pigmentation.)

La guerre interrompit ce deuxième chapitre de la vie du photographe. Interné par les Français comme un étranger suspect, puis rédigé dans un corps civil composé d’étrangers, Breitenbach finalement échappé à la France  de Marseille en 1941 pour New York . Il parvient à retenir l’attention de Walker Evans, qui  publie ses travaux  dans Fortune .

À l’été 1944,  à l’invitation de Josef Albers,  Breitenbach enseigne la photographie au Black Mountain College.  En 1946, il est devenu un citoyen des États-Unis et a rejoint la faculté de la Cooper Union .

For a biography in English go down Article

 

Josef Breitenbach- Night, Paris (Edith Schultze-Westrum)c. 1935, Vintage gelatin silver print collage

Josef Breitenbach- Night, Paris (Edith Schultze-Westrum), 1935, Vintage gelatin silver print collage ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith Schultze-Westrum, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith Schultze-Westrum, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder and Paul Robeson, in Othello, Munich,  1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder and Paul Robeson, in Othello, Munich, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actressSybille Binder  Circa 1932, gelatin silver print, © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actressSybille Binder Circa 1932, gelatin silver print, © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach – Portrait of the actress Marianne Hoppe, 1933

Josef Breitenbach – Portrait of the actress Marianne Hoppe, 1933 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-  Sheila ,New York, 1942

Josef Breitenbach- Sheila ,New York, 1942 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Aktportrait, Paris, 1933-1939 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Aktportrait, Paris, 1933-1939. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of a lady, Munich, 1932,  Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of a lady, Munich, 1932, Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , Paris 1936

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , Paris 1936 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Edith d'Amara, 1932,  Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith d’Amara, 1932, Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Patricia, New York, 1942, Vintage toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Patricia, New York, 1942, Vintage toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- A Woman and Her Conscience, New York, 1945, Vintage toned gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- A Woman and Her Conscience, New York, 1945, Vintage toned gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Annabella, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Annabella, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-woman in costume of shiny material with cape and hood, 1930s

Josef Breitenbach- Woman in costume of shiny material with cape and hood, 1930s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sybille Binder, in fur coat. 1932

Josef Breitenbach-Sybille Binder, 1932 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait ofSchoura Alperin, 1934 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait ofSchoura Alperin, 1934 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1935 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1935 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Ruth Harris 1933-39 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Ruth Harris 1933-39 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Aristide Maillol, Marly-Le-Roy, 1934  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Aristide Maillol, Marly-Le-Roy, 1934 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of Man Ray, 1967, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of Man Ray, 1967, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst , 1938 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst , 1938 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Max Ernst and his wife, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Paris, 1936, Early gelatin silver print; printed c. 1942-1948 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Max Ernst and his wife, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Paris, 1936, Early gelatin silver print; printed c. 1942-1948 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-James Joyce, Paris , 1937

Josef Breitenbach- James Joyce, Paris, 1937 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Wassily Kandinsky, Neuilly-sur-Seine 1938

Josef Breitenbach-Wassily Kandinsky, Neuilly-sur-Seine 1938 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait  of the Actor Sacha Guitry, Paris, 1938, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the Actor Sacha Guitry, Paris, 1938, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Japanese female mask, fabric background], ca. 1940s

Josef Breitenbach-Japanese female mask, fabric background], ca. 1940s


Josef Breitenbach-Close-up of woman’s eye, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris,  1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris, 1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris,  1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris, 1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Standing Nude (Back), 1930-39, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Standing Nude (Back), 1930-39, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008


Josef Breitenbach, Dr. Riegler and J. Greno, Munich, 1933

Josef Breitenbach, Dr. Riegler and J. Greno, Munich, 1933  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach.Dr. Riegler and J. Greno - Munich,1933 Photogravure on wove paper

Josef Breitenbach.Dr. Riegler and J. Greno – Munich,1933 Photogravure on wove paper © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008


Josef Breitenbach - Self-Portrait with J. Greno ,1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach – Self-Portrait with J. Greno ,1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Female Nude posing, , Nd,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Female Nude posing, , Nd,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-soft-focus bust of nude woman holding grapes, Paris, . 1933

Josef Breitenbach- Soft-focus bust of nude woman holding grapes, Paris, 1933   © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sonja, Munich, 1930-33, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Sonja, Munich, 1930-33, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Female nude sitting on blanket,  1935, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Female nude sitting on blanket, 1935, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-standing female nude - front view, furnishings, 1932

Josef Breitenbach- Standing female nude – front view, furnishings, 1932 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -untitled, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-We New Yorkers, 1942 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Electric Back, New York, 1949  toned gelatin silver print , montage © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Electric Back, New York, 1949 toned gelatin silver print , montage © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Medical Illustration, New York, 1949 Aus einer Serie für McCalls Magazine © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Medical Illustration, New York, 1949 Aus einer Serie für McCalls Magazine © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Emerging Torso, 1942-48, toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Emerging Torso, 1942-48, toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Adirondacks, , 1948,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Adirondacks, , 1948,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-  Portraits with Make Up,model Patricia & Josef Breitenbach,  New York, 1945, Vintage gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portraits with Make Up,model Patricia & Josef Breitenbach, New York, 1945, Vintage gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-  Woman Transformed, model Patricia, New York  1942

Josef Breitenbach- Woman Transformed, model Patricia, New York 1942 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -Morning, 1950

Josef Breitenbach -Morning, 1950 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach - Nu, 1950s

Josef Breitenbach – Untitled, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , 1950s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled ,Nude, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait, Paris, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait, Paris, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , 1935  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , Germany, Munich, 1932

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , Germany, Munich, 1933  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Akt, München, 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Nu, Germany, Munich, , 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-nude girl lying in gras, 1950s

Josef Breitenbach-nude girl lying in gras, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Nude woman in the river,New York, 1953, , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Nude woman in the river,New York, 1953, , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair lying on side on grass, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair lying on side on grass, USA, 1961  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-back view of female nude with long dark hair lying curled on grass, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-back view of female nude with long dark hair lying curled on grass, USA, 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-back of female nude with long dark hair, seated outdoors on branching log, Sept. 1961

Josef Breitenbach-back of female nude with long dark hair, seated outdoors on branching log, USA, Sept. 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass, full length with feet at left, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitlrd (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass, full length with feet at left), USA, 1961  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Untitled ,  (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass,) USA , 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach – Untitled , (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass,) USA , 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -buttocks and back of female nude with long dark hair, kneeling outdoors, , 1961

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled (Buttocks and back of female nude with long dark hair,kneeling outdoors), USA, 1961. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass , USA  1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass) ,USA ,1961.           © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass , USA  1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (emale nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass), USA ,1961.            © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach -back of female nude bending over in water, Sept. 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled (Back of female nude bending over in water), USA, Sept 1961. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Les années 1950 et 1960 ont été des années d’intense activité pour Breitenbach.  Il a fait reportage photographique en Asie pour les Nations Unies et d’autres entreprises variées, documentant le travail des secours.

Il exposera ses photographies largement dans les Etats-Unis à partir des années 1940 jusqu’au milieu des années 1960, notamment au Museum of Modern Art et le Metropolitan Museum of Art

Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,woman curled on side in dried grass,  1952 Korea or Japan

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (woman curled on side in dried grass), Korea or Japan , 1952 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- nude woman in black, Tokyo, 1953, Chromogenic print. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- nude woman in black, Tokyo, 1953, Chromogenic print. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Sleeping Japanese Girl, Japan, 1968.        © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sleeping Japanese Girl, Japan, 1968. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Dancing in the Streets (Bon Odori), Kyoto, 1956

Josef Breitenbach- Dancing in the Streets (Bon Odori), Kyoto, 1956 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Eels and octopus. Pusan, Korea, 1953

Josef Breitenbach-Eels and octopus. Pusan, Korea, 1953 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-India, Construction Worker, Bombay, 1960

Josef Breitenbach-India, Construction Worker, Bombay, 1960  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-  Woman Transformed, New York  1942

Josef Breitenbach- Woman Transformed, New York 1942  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-Mother with Sick Child, Patan, Nepal,Nepal, Patan, 1968, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

You can see more on Gitterman Gallery

Des portraits du photographe par des anonymes ici  sur wordpress sur le blog  A la loupe

  Voir les résultats des actions le concernant sur Mutualart

Conseil de lecture  :

Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach: by Josef Breitenbach Photographs and text (in German) by Josef Breitenbach. Essays (in German) by Peter C. Jones, and Others , Published on the occasion of the 1996-1997 exhibition Josef Breitenbach: Photographien at the Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg Halle and the Fotomuseum im Münchner Stadtmuseum, Ed° Schirmer-Mosel, 1996

Munich, Paris, New York Paperback – 2003 by Josef and Paul Berlanga, Exhibit Catalogue, edition Stephen Daiter Gallery, 2003

Josef Breitenbach » by Larisa Dryansky, Editions de l’Amateur, 2001

Cover of the Book "Josef Breitenbach" by Larisa Dryansky,  Editions de l'Amateur, 2001

Cover of the Book « Josef Breitenbach » by Larisa Dryansky, Editions de l’Amateur, 2001

 English Bio

Josef Breitenbach was born on the 3rd of April 1896. He attended Ludwig-Maximillian University in Munich (philosophy and art history, 1914 to 1917) and became active in the Youth Section and later the Pacifist wing of the Social Democratic Party. In 1918, he took part in the Soviet-inspired Bavarian coup d’état, which was the first spark of the revolutionary fire that swept over Germany in the wake of the armistice. For a few months, Breitenbach also occupied an official position in the new government. Although the revolution was short-lived, the ties he forged with the radical circles of Munich’s intelligentsia later helped him establish his reputation as a photographer.

In 1932, Breitenbach opened his first photographic studio. His clients were prominent members of Munich’s bohemia, including actors and actresses performing in the Munich theater. Munich was a stronghold of libertarians and refined people, whose spirit Breitenbach captured in theatrical portraits of his friend, the journalist Theo Riegler. This world vanished in 1933 with Hitler’s takeover.

More than his Jewish roots, the photographer’s political past made him a target for persecution. In August, 1933, with his passport , Breitenbach made his way to France , joining other German exiles seeking refuge in Paris.

The Surrealist “revolution” had by then become dominant in the Parisian art scene. Soon after his arrival, Breitenbach came into contact with André Breton and his circle. Preferring to retain his independence, he never became a member of the Surrealist group, but did show work in important exhibitions of Surrealist photography alongside Man Ray, Jacques-André Boiffard, Brassaï, Eli Lotar, Henri Cartier-Bresson, et Roger Parry.

Breitenbach only lived in Paris for six years, until the war broke out in 1939. During this period, he produced some of his most inventive work. He adopted several techniques favored by new photographers such as superimpression, montage, solarization, printing in negative, and the photogram. More importantly, he was one of the rare artists of the pre-War years to produce color photographs, which he did by using processes of bleaching, toning and pigmentation. Examples are the images “Montparnasse”, or Forever and Ever.

During his years in Paris, he was also an active member of the German exile community, which alerted the democratic world to the threat of fascism. He participated in the 1938 exhibition by the Union des Artistes Allemandes Libres, “Five Years of Hitler Dictatorship”. A high point for Breitenbach was his collaboration with Bertolt Brecht, summarized by portraits of the playwright. The war interrupted this second chapter of the photographer’s life. Interned by the French as a suspicious alien, then drafted into a civilian corps composed of foreigners, Breitenbach eventually escaped to New York from Marseille in 1941.He came to the attention of Walker Evans, who published his work in Fortune. In the summer of 1944, at the invitation of Josef Albers, Breitenbach taught photography at Black Mountain College. In 1946 he became a United States citizen and joined the faculty at Cooper Union and later The New School. Breitenbach continued to create distinctive and innovative work, including a striking group of camera-less photographs. These works hover in the liminal space between Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. The 1950s and 1960s were years of intense activity for Breitenbach. He did photographic reportage in Asia for the United Nations and other varied businesses, documenting relief work. He exhibited his photographs extensively in the United States from the 1940s to the mid-1960s, including at the Museum of Modern Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

I proposed today to browse some facets Josef Breitenbach left us behind. This was mainly the result of the encounter with the Surrealists and accompanied throughout his adventure. Through his portraits, montages , collage, photogram , naked, and some memories , moreover

Roberto Baccarini Part II

Roberto Baccarini Arimand-Banu gelatin silver print, 1930’s

Roberto Baccarini Elizaveta “Lila” Nikolska gelatin silver print, 1930’s

Roberto Baccarini. Nude , gelatin silver print 1930

Roberto Baccarini Mary Raoul sul set di ‘Fiori d’arancio’ ,gelatin silver print, 1930’s

Roberto Baccarini Rosetta Pedrani , 1930s, gelatin silver print.

Roberto Baccarini -Wanda Osiris ,1930’s gelatin silver print

Roberto Baccarini – Wanda Osiris ,1930’s gelatin silver print

Roberto Baccarini Nana de Herrera ,gelatin silver print, 1930’s

Roberto Baccarini – Wanda Osiris ,1930’s gelatin silver print

Roberto Baccarini Lina Gennari ,1930s gelatin silver print, 1930’s

Roberto Baccarini – Lidia Martora ,1930’s, gelatin silver print.

Roberto Baccarini Jo-Hai Tong Vintage gelatin silver print, 1930’s

Roberto Baccarini Bea Egervary gelatin silver print, 1930’s

Roberto Baccarini Elizaveta “Lila” Nikolska gelatin silver print, 1930’s

Roberto Baccarini Claude Génia Vintage gelatin silver print.

Roberto Baccarini Donna Maria Mirka 1940

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach

« Jacob Merkelbach was the founder of one of the most famous Amsterdam portrait photography studios of the twentieth century on the fifth floor of fashion house Hirsch at Leidseplein Studio J Merkelbach ( Atelier Merkelbach) In the luxurious studio above the fashion warehouse Hirsch on the Leidseplein, he photographed almost all famous Dutch people from the theater world, writers, artists, businessmen and the wealthy Amsterdam bourgeoisie. Taking pictures of Abel Herzberg, André Herzberger, Carel Asser Daniel comme Mata Hari , Fien de la Mar , Théo Mann-Bouwmeester , Willem Mengelberg et Abel Herzberg , se sont fait capturer sur l’album sensible.and many others. His photographs are unique and of exceptional quality. You can see here the galery of protraits  .The personal signature in the design and execution of each portrait, the technical knowledge of the staff and the professional cooperation of the daughter and son-in-law made this workshop a well-running company that, after Merkelbach’s death, could be continued until 1969.

 

Jacob was born on April 29, 1877 and was the son of John Wilhelm Merkelbach and Maria Antonia van Schaik. His parents had a shop on the Nieuwendijk 57-59, which was sold mainly technical toys, and a fireworks factory in Amsterdam.
The fireworks factory was rebuilt in the 90s of the 19th century to a daylight film. This father did after he came into contact with Lumiére. Financially it was not profitable and father decided to go into all the photography. The case on the Nieuwendijk was an important place for the sale of photographic equipment. Above the case opens the son-father Machiel Laddé a workshop.
This workshop is Jacob works and continues to do so for about 10 years. There he learned the profession. In 1902 married with Josephine Harmsen and get on April 21 1904 they can daughter Maria Antonia (Mies). Later, Mies goes to work in the photo studio.
In 1913 own studio opens on Leidseplein 29, on the 5th floor of Hirsch. In 1924 Mies is working in the studio after she completed training at the Dagteken- Art and Craft School for Girls in Amsterdam. Her work in the studio is to retouch, enhance, and print photos.

In 1932 comes Lambert JM Rosenboom (15 Feb 1905, also known as Bobby) in the company work. Mies married him in 1939.
On February 6, 1942 dies Jacob Merkelbach. His daughter Mies puts the company on, her husband Bobby is arrested in 1941 and the remainder of the war in German captivity. Mies makes this period illegal passport photos in the studio, while the Germans regularly on the floor is due to the anti-aircraft guns on the roof of Hirsch & Cie.
Atelier Merkelbach gets in 1948 the honorable mission to Queen Wilhelmina portraits, one of the pictures the ceremonial of the Queen is.
In the 50’s declining interest in portrait photography. Photography is available for consumers by becoming less expensive devices. This also affects Atelier Merkelbach. In 1969, the company, on April 29 – the birthday of Jacob Merkelbach – lifted. There are 150,000 glass negatives of exceptional historical value. These will be donated to the City of Amsterdam. « by  scherptediepte.nl

I made the choice to propose you the photographs which represent dancers or nudes and some delicate portraits
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Dancers

Studio Merkelbach Alice Sally Mary (Lili) Green,1915

Studio Merkelbach Johanna Wittrock,1919

Studio Merkelbach Adriana (Henriette Blazer) Blaaser,1923

Studio Merkelbach Luise Aguste Julie (Luise) Marheineke,1919

Studio Merkelbach Angèle Sydow,1916

Jacob Merkelbach Angèle Sijdow, 1917-19

Jacob Merkelbach, the dancer Claire de Jongh in profile in tight dance pose 1927 – 1928

Jacob Merkelbach, the dancers Menagerie Folmer   and Claire de Jongh with right leg raised 1927 – 1928

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-The dancers Gerie Folmer and Claire de Jongh in a symmetrical pose , 1927-28

Studio Merkelbach Wilhelmina (Mien) Loevendie,1930

Studio Merkelbach Mary Wigman,1922

Jacob Merkelbach Mary Wigman , 1922

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach -Mary Wigman .19120-30

Studio Merkelbach 1920

Studio Merkelbach Wilhelmina (Mien) Loevendie ,1915

Studio Merkelbach Wilhelmina (Mien) Loevendie ,1915

Studio Merkelbach Wilhelmina (Mien) Loevendie ,1915

Studio Merkelbach Wilhelmina (Mien) Loevendie ,1915

Studio Merkelbach Wilhelmina (Mien) Loevendie ,1915

Studio Merkelbach Lydia Lyta ,1915

Studio Merkelbach Alice Sally Mary (Lili) Green ,1915

 

Studio Merkelbach Wilhelmina (Mien)- 1918

Studio Merkelbach Wilhelmina (Mien)- Angele Sydow 1916

Studio Merkelbach Mies Rosenboom-Merkelbach, Angele Sydow,1916

Studio Merkelbach Mies Rosenboom-Merkelbach, Angele Sydow,1916

Studio Merkelbach Mies Rosenboom-Merkelbach, Angele Sydow,1916

Studio Merkelbach Mies Rosenboom-Merkelbach, Angele Sydow,1916

Studio Merkelbach Margaret Walker,1915

 

Studio Merkelbach, 1928

Jacob Merkelbach- Josephina Johanna (Fien) de la Mar (1898-1965), 1919

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-The dancer Gerie Folmer .1927

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-The dancer Gerie Folmer, half-legged, with bare-chested, 1927-28

Jacob Merkelbach-Danseres met lichtbol, , 1920

Studio Merkelbach, 1928

Studio Merkelbach Mies Rosenboom-Merkelbach, Angele Sydow,1919

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Nudes

Studio Merkelbach Johanna Wittrock,1918

studio-merkelbach-mies-rosenboom-merkelbach-19132

Jacob Merkelbach-naakt, 1925 – 1940

Jacob Merkelbach- Porrtret van Mies Rosenboom-Merkelbach als zittend naakt, 1925 – 1940

Studio Merkelbach mies-rosenboom-merkelbach-1913

Jacob Merkelbach (Attributed to) – Portrait of a seated nude, 1915-1930

Jacob Merkelbach- Naked woman sitting with hands held up to a white circle painted been light, 1925 – 1945

Studio Merkelbach Johanna Suers ,1933

Studio Merkelbach Johanna Suers ,1933

Studio Merkelbach Johanna Suers ,1933

Studio Merkelbach Johanna Suers ,1933

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Portraits

Studio Merkelbach 1920

Studio Merkelbach 1920

 

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Woman’s portrait with eyes closed on behalf of Film Productie Maatschappij ‘Neerlandia’.1938

Studio Merkelbach Wilhelmina (Mien)-Portrait 1921

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Nola Hatterman, 1922

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Beschrijving A. Roland Holst de Meester , 1927

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Beschrijving Helena Dorothea Catharina .1919

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Fashion photo for ‘De Prijslijst’, Reguliersbreestraat 15-17,1920-22

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Toneelplayer Mien van Kerckhoven-Kling (1894-1966), 1914

Jacob Merkelbach- Mevr. Brandes met sigaret en roos in het haar,1910 – 1919

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Corry Schiller-Italiaander (1886-1971), 1907

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Corry Schiller-Italiaander , nd

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Corry Schiller-Italiaander .1917

Studio Merkelbach 1918

Studio Merkelbach 1918

Studio Jacob Merkelbach Mevr. van Kerkhoven, 1927

Studio Jacob Merkelbach Mevr. Kauffeld, 1926

Studio Jacob Merkelbach Mevr. Meyer, 1927

Studio Jacob Merkelbach Mevr. Jonas, 1928

Studio Jacob Merkelbach Mevr. Dresden, 1921

Studio Jacob Merkelbach Mej. Meijer, 1913

Jacob Merkelbach-Chaja Goldstein tijdens toneelspel,1930 – 1960

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Portrait of a young woman in white dress, 1920-22

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Maria Antonia (Mies) Merkelbach .1922

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Sophie Davids .1917

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Teddy Schaenk, nd

Jacob Merkelbach-Portret van Mies Rosenboom-Merkelbach,1920 – 1930

Jacob Merkelbach-Portret van Mies Rosenboom – Merkelbach met witte hoofdbedekking, 1930 – 1970

Jacob Merkelbach-Reclamefoto, voor het atelier van Merkelbach, met danseres Angèle Sydow,1916

Jacob Merkelbach-Portret van Manuela del Rio gekleed in Griekse jurk,1915 – 1930

Jacob Merkelbach-Portret van gesluierde vrouw,, ca. 1920 – ca. 1930

Jacob Merkelbach- Portrait Of Young Woman With Necklace, 1920 – 1930

Jacob Merkelbach-Portret Mies Rosenboom-Merkelbach in blauwe jurk, 1920 – 1930

 

Jacob Merkelbach- Portrait Of A Woman In A Red Dress, 1920 – 1930

Studio Merkelbach, [Portrait of an unknown woman], between 1919 and 1929, Jos-Pé colour process

Studio Merkelbach divas,

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Fashion Photo with lying model in evening dress, neck necklace and earrings, 1935

Atelier Jacob MerkelbachTeixeira de Mattos, 1930

Atelier Jacob Merkelbach-Margaretha Geertruida (Mata Hari) .1915

Studio Merkelbach 1921

Studio Merkelbach 1920

Studio Merkelbach 1920

             http://redeenportret.nl/

Albert Arthur Allen-Nudes outdoors

Albert Arthur Allen- Nude,The Isle , 1920s

Nude study,1920 by Albert Arthur Allen

Albert Arthur Allen- Cypress Cove, 1922, Oakland, California.

Albert Arthur Allen – 1919

Albert Arthur Allen – 1919

Albert Arthur Allen

Albert Arthur Allen

Albert Arthur Allen -, 1919

Albert Arthur Allen- Nude, From Out of the Sea , 1920

Albert Arthur Allen -, 1919

Albert Arthur Allen- Breakers

Albert Arthur Allen – 1919

Albert Arthur Allen Daisy,

Albert Arthur Allen Daisy,

Albert Arthur Allen Molly

Albert Arthur Allen Daisy,

Albert Arthur Allen Daisy,

Albert Arthur Allen Janet

Albert Arthur Allen Molly

Albert Arthur Allen Molly

Albert Arthur Allen Molly

Albert Arthur Allen Janet

Albert Arthur Allen Janet

Albert Arthur Allen Molly

Albert Arthur Allen Molly

Albert Arthur Allen Promotional Brochure from Alo Studios Oakland- Sepentine forest, 1922

Albert Arthur Allen Promotional Brochure from Alo Studios Oakland- Sepentine forest, 1922

Albert Arthur Allen Promotional Brochure from Alo Studios Oakland- Sepentine forest, 1922

Albert Arthur Allen The Soul of the Cypress,1922

Albert Arthur Allen- Nude-The Soul of the Cypress 1,920s

Albert Arthur Allen- The Pool , from The Grotto Series,1920s

Albert Arthur Allen, The Silver Pond Girl, 1920s,

Albert Arthur Allen – Sepentine forest, 1922

Albert Arthur Allen

Albert Arthur Allen

Albert Arthur Allen Nude, 1916

Albert Arthur Allen Nude, 1916

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