Josef Breitenbach (1896 – 1984) Part II

Je vous propose aujourd’hui de poursuivre la découverte de Josef Breitenbach. Cette fois-ci nous laisserons de côté ses influences surréalistes et nous admirons ses fabuleux portraits, et nus et quelques photographies de voyages .

[Je vous suggère de ne pas manquer le premier article qui complète ce dernier, et qui vous permettra d’avoir une vue d’ensemble de l’entendue de son oeuvre ]

En 1932, Breitenbach ouvre son premier studio de photographie. Ses clients étaient des membres éminents de la bohème de Munich, (y compris les acteurs et actrices de la scène dans le théâtre de Munich.)  qui était alors un bastion des défenseurs des libertés et des personnes raffinées. Mais ce  monde a disparu en 1933 avec la prise de pouvoir d’Hitler.Plus que ses racines juives, le passé politique du photographe fait de  lui une cible à persécuter.  En Août 1933, avec son passeport, Breitenbach arrive en France, rejoignant d’autres exilés Allemands qui cherchent refuge à Paris.

La «révolution» surréaliste allait alors devenir dominante dans la scène artistique parisienne. Peu après son arrivée, Breitenbach est entré en contact avec André Breton et son entourage. Préférant conserver son indépendance, il n’a jamais été un membre du groupe surréaliste, mais a participé à des expositions importantes de la photographie surréaliste aux côtés de Man Ray, Jacques-André Boiffard, Brassaï, Eli Lotar, Henri Cartier-Bresson, et Roger Parry.

Breitenbach n’a vécu à Paris  que six ans, jusqu’à ce que la guerre  éclate en 1939, et pourtant, pendant cette période , il a produit certains de ses travaux les plus inventifs.  (Il a adopté plusieurs techniques favorisées par de nouveaux photographes tels que la surimpression, le montage, la solarisation, l’impression en négatif, et le photogramme. Plus important encore, il était l’un des rares artistes des années d’avant-guerre à produire des photographies en couleurs, ce qu’il a fait en utilisant des procédés tels que le blanchiment, la tonification et la pigmentation.)

La guerre interrompit ce deuxième chapitre de la vie du photographe. Interné par les Français comme un étranger suspect, puis rédigé dans un corps civil composé d’étrangers, Breitenbach finalement échappé à la France  de Marseille en 1941 pour New York . Il parvient à retenir l’attention de Walker Evans, qui  publie ses travaux  dans Fortune .

À l’été 1944,  à l’invitation de Josef Albers,  Breitenbach enseigne la photographie au Black Mountain College.  En 1946, il est devenu un citoyen des États-Unis et a rejoint la faculté de la Cooper Union .

For a biography in English go down Article

 

Josef Breitenbach- Night, Paris (Edith Schultze-Westrum)c. 1935, Vintage gelatin silver print collage

Josef Breitenbach- Night, Paris (Edith Schultze-Westrum), 1935, Vintage gelatin silver print collage ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith Schultze-Westrum, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith Schultze-Westrum, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder and Paul Robeson, in Othello, Munich,  1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder and Paul Robeson, in Othello, Munich, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actressSybille Binder  Circa 1932, gelatin silver print, © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actressSybille Binder Circa 1932, gelatin silver print, © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach – Portrait of the actress Marianne Hoppe, 1933

Josef Breitenbach – Portrait of the actress Marianne Hoppe, 1933 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-  Sheila ,New York, 1942

Josef Breitenbach- Sheila ,New York, 1942 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Aktportrait, Paris, 1933-1939 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Aktportrait, Paris, 1933-1939. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of a lady, Munich, 1932,  Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of a lady, Munich, 1932, Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , Paris 1936

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , Paris 1936 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Edith d'Amara, 1932,  Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith d’Amara, 1932, Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Patricia, New York, 1942, Vintage toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Patricia, New York, 1942, Vintage toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- A Woman and Her Conscience, New York, 1945, Vintage toned gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- A Woman and Her Conscience, New York, 1945, Vintage toned gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Annabella, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Annabella, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-woman in costume of shiny material with cape and hood, 1930s

Josef Breitenbach- Woman in costume of shiny material with cape and hood, 1930s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sybille Binder, in fur coat. 1932

Josef Breitenbach-Sybille Binder, 1932 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait ofSchoura Alperin, 1934 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait ofSchoura Alperin, 1934 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1935 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1935 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Ruth Harris 1933-39 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Ruth Harris 1933-39 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Aristide Maillol, Marly-Le-Roy, 1934  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Aristide Maillol, Marly-Le-Roy, 1934 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of Man Ray, 1967, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of Man Ray, 1967, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst , 1938 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst , 1938 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Max Ernst and his wife, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Paris, 1936, Early gelatin silver print; printed c. 1942-1948 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Max Ernst and his wife, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Paris, 1936, Early gelatin silver print; printed c. 1942-1948 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-James Joyce, Paris , 1937

Josef Breitenbach- James Joyce, Paris, 1937 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Wassily Kandinsky, Neuilly-sur-Seine 1938

Josef Breitenbach-Wassily Kandinsky, Neuilly-sur-Seine 1938 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait  of the Actor Sacha Guitry, Paris, 1938, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the Actor Sacha Guitry, Paris, 1938, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Japanese female mask, fabric background], ca. 1940s

Josef Breitenbach-Japanese female mask, fabric background], ca. 1940s


Josef Breitenbach-Close-up of woman’s eye, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris,  1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris, 1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris,  1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris, 1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Standing Nude (Back), 1930-39, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Standing Nude (Back), 1930-39, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008


Josef Breitenbach, Dr. Riegler and J. Greno, Munich, 1933

Josef Breitenbach, Dr. Riegler and J. Greno, Munich, 1933  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach.Dr. Riegler and J. Greno - Munich,1933 Photogravure on wove paper

Josef Breitenbach.Dr. Riegler and J. Greno – Munich,1933 Photogravure on wove paper © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008


Josef Breitenbach - Self-Portrait with J. Greno ,1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach – Self-Portrait with J. Greno ,1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Female Nude posing, , Nd,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Female Nude posing, , Nd,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-soft-focus bust of nude woman holding grapes, Paris, . 1933

Josef Breitenbach- Soft-focus bust of nude woman holding grapes, Paris, 1933   © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sonja, Munich, 1930-33, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Sonja, Munich, 1930-33, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Female nude sitting on blanket,  1935, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Female nude sitting on blanket, 1935, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-standing female nude - front view, furnishings, 1932

Josef Breitenbach- Standing female nude – front view, furnishings, 1932 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -untitled, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-We New Yorkers, 1942 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Electric Back, New York, 1949  toned gelatin silver print , montage © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Electric Back, New York, 1949 toned gelatin silver print , montage © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Medical Illustration, New York, 1949 Aus einer Serie für McCalls Magazine © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Medical Illustration, New York, 1949 Aus einer Serie für McCalls Magazine © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Emerging Torso, 1942-48, toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Emerging Torso, 1942-48, toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Adirondacks, , 1948,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Adirondacks, , 1948,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-  Portraits with Make Up,model Patricia & Josef Breitenbach,  New York, 1945, Vintage gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portraits with Make Up,model Patricia & Josef Breitenbach, New York, 1945, Vintage gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-  Woman Transformed, model Patricia, New York  1942

Josef Breitenbach- Woman Transformed, model Patricia, New York 1942 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -Morning, 1950

Josef Breitenbach -Morning, 1950 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach - Nu, 1950s

Josef Breitenbach – Untitled, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , 1950s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled ,Nude, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait, Paris, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait, Paris, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , 1935  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , Germany, Munich, 1932

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , Germany, Munich, 1933  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Akt, München, 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Nu, Germany, Munich, , 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-nude girl lying in gras, 1950s

Josef Breitenbach-nude girl lying in gras, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Nude woman in the river,New York, 1953, , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Nude woman in the river,New York, 1953, , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair lying on side on grass, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair lying on side on grass, USA, 1961  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-back view of female nude with long dark hair lying curled on grass, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-back view of female nude with long dark hair lying curled on grass, USA, 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-back of female nude with long dark hair, seated outdoors on branching log, Sept. 1961

Josef Breitenbach-back of female nude with long dark hair, seated outdoors on branching log, USA, Sept. 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass, full length with feet at left, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitlrd (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass, full length with feet at left), USA, 1961  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Untitled ,  (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass,) USA , 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach – Untitled , (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass,) USA , 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -buttocks and back of female nude with long dark hair, kneeling outdoors, , 1961

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled (Buttocks and back of female nude with long dark hair,kneeling outdoors), USA, 1961. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass , USA  1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass) ,USA ,1961.           © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass , USA  1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (emale nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass), USA ,1961.            © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach -back of female nude bending over in water, Sept. 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled (Back of female nude bending over in water), USA, Sept 1961. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Les années 1950 et 1960 ont été des années d’intense activité pour Breitenbach.  Il a fait reportage photographique en Asie pour les Nations Unies et d’autres entreprises variées, documentant le travail des secours.

Il exposera ses photographies largement dans les Etats-Unis à partir des années 1940 jusqu’au milieu des années 1960, notamment au Museum of Modern Art et le Metropolitan Museum of Art

Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,woman curled on side in dried grass,  1952 Korea or Japan

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (woman curled on side in dried grass), Korea or Japan , 1952 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- nude woman in black, Tokyo, 1953, Chromogenic print. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- nude woman in black, Tokyo, 1953, Chromogenic print. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Sleeping Japanese Girl, Japan, 1968.        © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sleeping Japanese Girl, Japan, 1968. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Dancing in the Streets (Bon Odori), Kyoto, 1956

Josef Breitenbach- Dancing in the Streets (Bon Odori), Kyoto, 1956 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Eels and octopus. Pusan, Korea, 1953

Josef Breitenbach-Eels and octopus. Pusan, Korea, 1953 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-India, Construction Worker, Bombay, 1960

Josef Breitenbach-India, Construction Worker, Bombay, 1960  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-  Woman Transformed, New York  1942

Josef Breitenbach- Woman Transformed, New York 1942  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-Mother with Sick Child, Patan, Nepal,Nepal, Patan, 1968, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

You can see more on Gitterman Gallery

Des portraits du photographe par des anonymes ici  sur wordpress sur le blog  A la loupe

  Voir les résultats des actions le concernant sur Mutualart

Conseil de lecture  :

Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach: by Josef Breitenbach Photographs and text (in German) by Josef Breitenbach. Essays (in German) by Peter C. Jones, and Others , Published on the occasion of the 1996-1997 exhibition Josef Breitenbach: Photographien at the Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg Halle and the Fotomuseum im Münchner Stadtmuseum, Ed° Schirmer-Mosel, 1996

Munich, Paris, New York Paperback – 2003 by Josef and Paul Berlanga, Exhibit Catalogue, edition Stephen Daiter Gallery, 2003

Josef Breitenbach » by Larisa Dryansky, Editions de l’Amateur, 2001

Cover of the Book "Josef Breitenbach" by Larisa Dryansky,  Editions de l'Amateur, 2001

Cover of the Book « Josef Breitenbach » by Larisa Dryansky, Editions de l’Amateur, 2001

 English Bio

Josef Breitenbach was born on the 3rd of April 1896. He attended Ludwig-Maximillian University in Munich (philosophy and art history, 1914 to 1917) and became active in the Youth Section and later the Pacifist wing of the Social Democratic Party. In 1918, he took part in the Soviet-inspired Bavarian coup d’état, which was the first spark of the revolutionary fire that swept over Germany in the wake of the armistice. For a few months, Breitenbach also occupied an official position in the new government. Although the revolution was short-lived, the ties he forged with the radical circles of Munich’s intelligentsia later helped him establish his reputation as a photographer.

In 1932, Breitenbach opened his first photographic studio. His clients were prominent members of Munich’s bohemia, including actors and actresses performing in the Munich theater. Munich was a stronghold of libertarians and refined people, whose spirit Breitenbach captured in theatrical portraits of his friend, the journalist Theo Riegler. This world vanished in 1933 with Hitler’s takeover.

More than his Jewish roots, the photographer’s political past made him a target for persecution. In August, 1933, with his passport , Breitenbach made his way to France , joining other German exiles seeking refuge in Paris.

The Surrealist “revolution” had by then become dominant in the Parisian art scene. Soon after his arrival, Breitenbach came into contact with André Breton and his circle. Preferring to retain his independence, he never became a member of the Surrealist group, but did show work in important exhibitions of Surrealist photography alongside Man Ray, Jacques-André Boiffard, Brassaï, Eli Lotar, Henri Cartier-Bresson, et Roger Parry.

Breitenbach only lived in Paris for six years, until the war broke out in 1939. During this period, he produced some of his most inventive work. He adopted several techniques favored by new photographers such as superimpression, montage, solarization, printing in negative, and the photogram. More importantly, he was one of the rare artists of the pre-War years to produce color photographs, which he did by using processes of bleaching, toning and pigmentation. Examples are the images “Montparnasse”, or Forever and Ever.

During his years in Paris, he was also an active member of the German exile community, which alerted the democratic world to the threat of fascism. He participated in the 1938 exhibition by the Union des Artistes Allemandes Libres, “Five Years of Hitler Dictatorship”. A high point for Breitenbach was his collaboration with Bertolt Brecht, summarized by portraits of the playwright. The war interrupted this second chapter of the photographer’s life. Interned by the French as a suspicious alien, then drafted into a civilian corps composed of foreigners, Breitenbach eventually escaped to New York from Marseille in 1941.He came to the attention of Walker Evans, who published his work in Fortune. In the summer of 1944, at the invitation of Josef Albers, Breitenbach taught photography at Black Mountain College. In 1946 he became a United States citizen and joined the faculty at Cooper Union and later The New School. Breitenbach continued to create distinctive and innovative work, including a striking group of camera-less photographs. These works hover in the liminal space between Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. The 1950s and 1960s were years of intense activity for Breitenbach. He did photographic reportage in Asia for the United Nations and other varied businesses, documenting relief work. He exhibited his photographs extensively in the United States from the 1940s to the mid-1960s, including at the Museum of Modern Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

I proposed today to browse some facets Josef Breitenbach left us behind. This was mainly the result of the encounter with the Surrealists and accompanied throughout his adventure. Through his portraits, montages , collage, photogram , naked, and some memories , moreover

John Everard

John Everard est un photographe anglais autodidacte de renommée internationale notamment pour son travail sur les formes féminines dans le style dit « art déco ». Sa carrière s’est déroulée entre la fin des années 20 et les début des années 60. Il a partagé à Londres un studio à Londres avec deux autres photographes renommés : Walter Bird   ( Voir l’article Ici)   et Horace Roye (voir l’article Ici). Il a été acclamé et publié très tôt dans sa carrière.  Tout comme ses acolytes, il a produit de nombreux ouvrages tels que » Portrait of a Model »  Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939 ( Ltd étant la maison d’édition crée par roye Bird et lui même),  « Judgement of Paris, French nudes », ed° George Routledge, London, 1941, « Life line » Ltd., London,  1936, « Oriental Model » Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London  1955, » Adams Fifth Rib » ,Ltd., London 1936 , pour ne citer qu’eux, puisque ceux sont ces derniers que je vous présente aujourd’hui. J’ai scanné des  livres, mais peu de planches car au vu de l’utilisation et du respect qu’il existe sur le net, je ne fais plus don de photos provenant de livre à 1000 euros… ainsi que celles qu’on ne trouve pas sur le net.. le reste se trouve, sans être bien sur attribué au bon livre et souvent avec des dates et titres erronés même pour les galeries et sites de ventes aux enchères, comme Walter Bird d’ailleurs et de surcroit toute avec un tirage de négatifs rayés.

La trilogie des ces merveilleux anglais que j’affectionne particulièrement se termine donc . Ils sont à mes yeux ce que František Drtikol est à la photographie Tchèque, ce que  József Pécsi est à la photographie Hongroise, des grands maîtres de la lumière de la mise en scène, et des formidables amoureux de la femme, proposant des photographies d’elles sans aucune vulgarité, avec une délicatesse infinie.

 

John Everard Portrait of a Model  Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939 ( scan perso)

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939 ( scan perso)

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

John Everard. from Portrait of a Model Londres George Routledge & Sons Ltd. 1939

 

John Everard.  Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures)  Ed° Chapman & Hall

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall ( scan perso)

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall ( scan perso)

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall ( scan peros)

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall scan perso)

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall ( scan perso)

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall ( scan perso)

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall

John Everard. Suty of nude from John Everard 1936( 48 photogravures) Ed° Chapman & Hall ( scan perso)

 

 

 

 

Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard. Nude No. 24. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of ParisJohn Everard- Study of nude from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard. Nude No. 24. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of ParisJohn Everard- Study of nude from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard. Nude No. 1. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of ParisJohn Everard- Study of nude from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard. Nude No. 1. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of ParisJohn Everard- Study of nude from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

 

John Everard. Nude No. 24. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of ParisJohn Everard- Study of nude from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard. Nude No. 24. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of ParisJohn Everard- Study of nude from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard. Nude No. 24. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of ParisJohn Everard- Study of nude from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard. Nude No. 24. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of ParisJohn Everard- Study of nude from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard. Nude No. 40. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of Paris

John Everard. Nude No. 40. ( photoetching. 1941 from Judgement of Paris

John Everard- Study of nudes from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard- Study of nudes from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard- Study of nude 2 from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard- Study of nude 2 from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

 

John Everard- Study of nude 17 from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard- Study of nude 17 from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard- Study of nude , 15 from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard- Study of nude , 15 from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard- Study of nude 31 from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

John Everard- Study of nude 31 from Judgement of Paris, French nudes, ed° George Routledge, London, 1941

 

 

John Everard. « Artit’s Model » Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951

John Everard- From Artit's Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951 (2)

John Everard- From Artit’s Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951 detail

John Everard- From Artit's Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951John Everard- Nude Plate 23 From Artit's Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951

John Everard- From Artit’s Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951John Everard- Nude Plate 23 From Artit’s Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951

John Everard- From Artit's Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951

John Everard- From Artit’s Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951

John Everard- From Artit's Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951

John Everard- From Artit’s Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951 detail

John Everard- From Artit's Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951 (2)

John Everard- From Artit’s Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951  detail

John Everard- From Artit's Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951

John Everard- From Artit’s Model, Ed° The Bodley Head, 1951 detail

 

 

 

 

 

John Everard. »Oriental Model » Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London 1955

 

 

 

John Everard- Asian Female semi Nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955. 4

John Everard- Asian Female semi Nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard- Malay woman semi nude ,photogravure 1950 Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard- Malay woman semi nude ,photogravure 1950 Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard. Indian Hindu dancer nude photogravure 1950 Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard. Indian Hindu dancer nude photogravure 1950 Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard- kneeling Asian Filipino nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard- kneeling Asian Filipino nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard. Japanese kneeling Nude, 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.1

John Everard. Japanese kneeling Nude, 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard.photomontage Japanese Nude, photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard.photomontage Japanese Nude, photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

 

John Everard. Japanese kneeling Nude, photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard. Japanese kneeling Nude, photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard. two kneeling Japaneses Nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard. two kneeling Japaneses Nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard Japanese Nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard Japanese Nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard- Japanese Nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

John Everard- Japanese Nude photogravure 1950Oriental Model Published by Robert Hale Ltd., London in 1955.

 

 

 

 

 

John Everard –  My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard - My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954 1_e

John Everard – My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard - Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard – Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard -Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard -Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

 

 

John Everard - Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard – Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard - Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard – Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard. Nude No. 24.1941 , From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard. Nude No. 24.1941 , From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard - Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

John Everard – Nude From My Hundred Best Studies, Ed Bodley Head, 1954

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936 COVER

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936 COVER

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

 

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936 detail

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936 detail

John Everard - From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

John Everard – From Adams Fifth Rib , 1936

 

 

 

 

Nudes stydy outdoors , ed° Ltd, London, 1940

John Everard -Study (Lady Woman's Hands with flower) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study (Lady Woman’s Hands with flower) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Forest Trees)photogravure 1940 1

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Forest Trees)photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Landscape) photogravure 1940 1

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Landscape) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude Nude( Lady Reeds Beach) photogravure 1940 also published in Lifelines

John Everard -Study of Nude Nude( Lady Reeds Beach) photogravure 1940 also published in Lifelines

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Outdoors ) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Outdoors ) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude -Nude Lady Beach Water) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude -Nude Lady Beach Water) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Lady Beach Water) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Lady Beach Water) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude Nude( Lady Beach Water) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude Nude( Lady Beach Water) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude -Nude Lady Beach Water) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude -Nude Lady Beach Water) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Water Rocks) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Water Rocks) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude Nude (Lady on Rocks), photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude Nude (Lady on Rocks), photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Sandy Beach ) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Sandy Beach ) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Water Rocks) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady Water Rocks) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady on Rocks) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady on Rocks) photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady on Rocks ), photogravure 1940

John Everard -Study of Nude (Nude Lady on Rocks ), photogravure 1940

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rimantas Dichavičius

Rimantas Dichavičius From Žiedai tarp žiedų - Fleurs Parmi Fleurs

Rimantas Dichavičius From Žiedai tarp žiedų – Fleurs Parmi Fleurs

Rimantas Dichavičius From Žiedai tarp žiedų - Fleurs Parmi Fleurs 1969-1980 1

Rimantas Dichavičius From Žiedai tarp žiedų – Fleurs Parmi Fleurs

Rimantas Dichavičius From Žiedai tarp žiedų - Fleurs Parmi Fleurs 1969-1980 3

Rimantas Dichavičius From Žiedai tarp žiedų – Fleurs Parmi Fleurs

Rimantas Dichavičius  Vague blanche, 1986

Rimantas Dichavičius Vague blanche, 1986 From Žiedai tarp žiedų – Fleurs Parmi Fleurs  Mintis; 3nd edition (1990)

Rimantas Dichavičius 3

Rimantas Dichavičius Vague blanche, 1986 From Žiedai tarp žiedų – Fleurs Parmi Fleurs

Travail couleur

G. Rutkovskaia,

G. Rutkovskaia. 1918. Ballet theater photo postcard

 

Long hairs

Unknown

Olive Ann Alcorn

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

The Actress, Olive Ann Alcorn, 1925

Olive Ann Alcorn c. 1914

Olive Ann Alcorn c. 1914

 

Charlie Chaplin with Olive Ann Alcorn, Edna Purviance, Willie Mae Carson, & Helen Kohn as ‘The Nymphs’ in Sunnyside,1919

Charlie Chaplin with Olive Ann Alcorn, Edna Purviance, Willie Mae Carson, & Helen Kohn as ‘The Nymphs’ in Sunnyside,1919

Charlie Chaplin with Olive Ann Alcorn, Edna Purviance, Willie Mae Carson, & Helen Kohn as ‘The Nymphs’ in Sunnyside,1919

Charlie Chaplin with Olive Ann Alcorn, Edna Purviance, Willie Mae Carson, & Helen Kohn as ‘The Nymphs’ in Sunnyside,1919

Charlie Chaplin with Olive Ann Alcorn, Edna Purviance, Willie Mae Carson, & Helen Kohn as ‘The Nymphs’ in Sunnyside,1919

Charlie Chaplin with Olive Ann Alcorn, Edna Purviance, Willie Mae Carson, & Helen Kohn as ‘The Nymphs’ in Sunnyside,1919

 

 

 

More  Olive Ann Alcorn By Xan Stark for Alta Studio