Josef Breitenbach (1896 – 1984) Part II

Je vous propose aujourd’hui de poursuivre la découverte de Josef Breitenbach. Cette fois-ci nous laisserons de côté ses influences surréalistes et nous admirons ses fabuleux portraits, et nus et quelques photographies de voyages .

[Je vous suggère de ne pas manquer le premier article qui complète ce dernier, et qui vous permettra d’avoir une vue d’ensemble de l’entendue de son oeuvre ]

En 1932, Breitenbach ouvre son premier studio de photographie. Ses clients étaient des membres éminents de la bohème de Munich, (y compris les acteurs et actrices de la scène dans le théâtre de Munich.)  qui était alors un bastion des défenseurs des libertés et des personnes raffinées. Mais ce  monde a disparu en 1933 avec la prise de pouvoir d’Hitler.Plus que ses racines juives, le passé politique du photographe fait de  lui une cible à persécuter.  En Août 1933, avec son passeport, Breitenbach arrive en France, rejoignant d’autres exilés Allemands qui cherchent refuge à Paris.

La «révolution» surréaliste allait alors devenir dominante dans la scène artistique parisienne. Peu après son arrivée, Breitenbach est entré en contact avec André Breton et son entourage. Préférant conserver son indépendance, il n’a jamais été un membre du groupe surréaliste, mais a participé à des expositions importantes de la photographie surréaliste aux côtés de Man Ray, Jacques-André Boiffard, Brassaï, Eli Lotar, Henri Cartier-Bresson, et Roger Parry.

Breitenbach n’a vécu à Paris  que six ans, jusqu’à ce que la guerre  éclate en 1939, et pourtant, pendant cette période , il a produit certains de ses travaux les plus inventifs.  (Il a adopté plusieurs techniques favorisées par de nouveaux photographes tels que la surimpression, le montage, la solarisation, l’impression en négatif, et le photogramme. Plus important encore, il était l’un des rares artistes des années d’avant-guerre à produire des photographies en couleurs, ce qu’il a fait en utilisant des procédés tels que le blanchiment, la tonification et la pigmentation.)

La guerre interrompit ce deuxième chapitre de la vie du photographe. Interné par les Français comme un étranger suspect, puis rédigé dans un corps civil composé d’étrangers, Breitenbach finalement échappé à la France  de Marseille en 1941 pour New York . Il parvient à retenir l’attention de Walker Evans, qui  publie ses travaux  dans Fortune .

À l’été 1944,  à l’invitation de Josef Albers,  Breitenbach enseigne la photographie au Black Mountain College.  En 1946, il est devenu un citoyen des États-Unis et a rejoint la faculté de la Cooper Union .

For a biography in English go down Article

 

Josef Breitenbach- Night, Paris (Edith Schultze-Westrum)c. 1935, Vintage gelatin silver print collage

Josef Breitenbach- Night, Paris (Edith Schultze-Westrum), 1935, Vintage gelatin silver print collage ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith Schultze-Westrum, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith Schultze-Westrum, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder, Munich, Before 1933, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actress Sybille Binder and Paul Robeson, in Othello, Munich,  1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actress Sybille Binder and Paul Robeson, in Othello, Munich, 1932, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the  actressSybille Binder  Circa 1932, gelatin silver print, © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the actressSybille Binder Circa 1932, gelatin silver print, © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach – Portrait of the actress Marianne Hoppe, 1933

Josef Breitenbach – Portrait of the actress Marianne Hoppe, 1933 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-  Sheila ,New York, 1942

Josef Breitenbach- Sheila ,New York, 1942 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Aktportrait, Paris, 1933-1939 ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Aktportrait, Paris, 1933-1939. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1930s , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of a lady, Munich, 1932,  Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of a lady, Munich, 1932, Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , Paris 1936

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , Paris 1936 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Edith d'Amara, 1932,  Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Edith d’Amara, 1932, Munich,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Patricia, New York, 1942, Vintage toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Patricia, New York, 1942, Vintage toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- A Woman and Her Conscience, New York, 1945, Vintage toned gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- A Woman and Her Conscience, New York, 1945, Vintage toned gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Annabella, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Annabella, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-woman in costume of shiny material with cape and hood, 1930s

Josef Breitenbach- Woman in costume of shiny material with cape and hood, 1930s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sybille Binder, in fur coat. 1932

Josef Breitenbach-Sybille Binder, 1932 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait ofSchoura Alperin, 1934 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait ofSchoura Alperin, 1934 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait,  1935 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait, 1935 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Ruth Harris 1933-39 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Ruth Harris 1933-39 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Aristide Maillol, Marly-Le-Roy, 1934  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Aristide Maillol, Marly-Le-Roy, 1934 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of Man Ray, 1967, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of Man Ray, 1967, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst and Marie-Berthe Aurenche, 1936 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst , 1938 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Portrait of Max Ernst , 1938 Paris, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Max Ernst and his wife, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Paris, 1936, Early gelatin silver print; printed c. 1942-1948 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Max Ernst and his wife, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Paris, 1936, Early gelatin silver print; printed c. 1942-1948 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-James Joyce, Paris , 1937

Josef Breitenbach- James Joyce, Paris, 1937 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Wassily Kandinsky, Neuilly-sur-Seine 1938

Josef Breitenbach-Wassily Kandinsky, Neuilly-sur-Seine 1938 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait  of the Actor Sacha Guitry, Paris, 1938, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait of the Actor Sacha Guitry, Paris, 1938, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Japanese female mask, fabric background], ca. 1940s

Josef Breitenbach-Japanese female mask, fabric background], ca. 1940s


Josef Breitenbach-Close-up of woman’s eye, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris,  1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris, 1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris,  1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sculpture Academy, Paris, 1935, gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Standing Nude (Back), 1930-39, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Standing Nude (Back), 1930-39, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008


Josef Breitenbach, Dr. Riegler and J. Greno, Munich, 1933

Josef Breitenbach, Dr. Riegler and J. Greno, Munich, 1933  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach.Dr. Riegler and J. Greno - Munich,1933 Photogravure on wove paper

Josef Breitenbach.Dr. Riegler and J. Greno – Munich,1933 Photogravure on wove paper © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach-Dr. Riegler & J. Greno, Munich 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust. from Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008


Josef Breitenbach - Self-Portrait with J. Greno ,1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach – Self-Portrait with J. Greno ,1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Female Nude posing, , Nd,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Female Nude posing, , Nd,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-soft-focus bust of nude woman holding grapes, Paris, . 1933

Josef Breitenbach- Soft-focus bust of nude woman holding grapes, Paris, 1933   © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Sonja, Munich, 1930-33, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Sonja, Munich, 1930-33, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Female nude sitting on blanket,  1935, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Female nude sitting on blanket, 1935, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-standing female nude - front view, furnishings, 1932

Josef Breitenbach- Standing female nude – front view, furnishings, 1932 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , female nude with dark fur and ornaments, 1940s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -untitled, 1940s

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled, 1940s © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-We New Yorkers, 1942 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Electric Back, New York, 1949  toned gelatin silver print , montage © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Electric Back, New York, 1949 toned gelatin silver print , montage © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Medical Illustration, New York, 1949 Aus einer Serie für McCalls Magazine © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Medical Illustration, New York, 1949 Aus einer Serie für McCalls Magazine © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Emerging Torso, 1942-48, toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Emerging Torso, 1942-48, toned gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Adirondacks, , 1948,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach-Adirondacks, , 1948,, Gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-  Portraits with Make Up,model Patricia & Josef Breitenbach,  New York, 1945, Vintage gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Portraits with Make Up,model Patricia & Josef Breitenbach, New York, 1945, Vintage gelatin silver print© The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-  Woman Transformed, model Patricia, New York  1942

Josef Breitenbach- Woman Transformed, model Patricia, New York 1942 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -Morning, 1950

Josef Breitenbach -Morning, 1950 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach - Nu, 1950s

Josef Breitenbach – Untitled, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , 1950s

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled ,Nude, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Portrait, Paris, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Portrait, Paris, 1933-39, Vintage gelatin silver print ©The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , 1935  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Untitled , Germany, Munich, 1932

Josef Breitenbach- Untitled , Germany, Munich, 1933  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Akt, München, 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach- Nu, Germany, Munich, , 1933 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-nude girl lying in gras, 1950s

Josef Breitenbach-nude girl lying in gras, 1950s  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Nude woman in the river,New York, 1953, , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- Nude woman in the river,New York, 1953, , Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair lying on side on grass, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair lying on side on grass, USA, 1961  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-back view of female nude with long dark hair lying curled on grass, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-back view of female nude with long dark hair lying curled on grass, USA, 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-back of female nude with long dark hair, seated outdoors on branching log, Sept. 1961

Josef Breitenbach-back of female nude with long dark hair, seated outdoors on branching log, USA, Sept. 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass, full length with feet at left, 1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitlrd (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass, full length with feet at left), USA, 1961  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Untitled ,  (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass,) USA , 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach – Untitled , (Female nude with long dark hair, lying face-down on grass,) USA , 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach -buttocks and back of female nude with long dark hair, kneeling outdoors, , 1961

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled (Buttocks and back of female nude with long dark hair,kneeling outdoors), USA, 1961. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass , USA  1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass) ,USA ,1961.           © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,female nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass , USA  1961

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (emale nude with long dark hair lying face-down on grass), USA ,1961.            © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach -back of female nude bending over in water, Sept. 1961 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach -Untitled (Back of female nude bending over in water), USA, Sept 1961. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Les années 1950 et 1960 ont été des années d’intense activité pour Breitenbach.  Il a fait reportage photographique en Asie pour les Nations Unies et d’autres entreprises variées, documentant le travail des secours.

Il exposera ses photographies largement dans les Etats-Unis à partir des années 1940 jusqu’au milieu des années 1960, notamment au Museum of Modern Art et le Metropolitan Museum of Art

Josef Breitenbach-untitled ,woman curled on side in dried grass,  1952 Korea or Japan

Josef Breitenbach-Untitled (woman curled on side in dried grass), Korea or Japan , 1952 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- nude woman in black, Tokyo, 1953, Chromogenic print. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

Josef Breitenbach- nude woman in black, Tokyo, 1953, Chromogenic print. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.


Josef Breitenbach-Sleeping Japanese Girl, Japan, 1968.        © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

Josef Breitenbach-Sleeping Japanese Girl, Japan, 1968. © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach- Dancing in the Streets (Bon Odori), Kyoto, 1956

Josef Breitenbach- Dancing in the Streets (Bon Odori), Kyoto, 1956 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-Eels and octopus. Pusan, Korea, 1953

Josef Breitenbach-Eels and octopus. Pusan, Korea, 1953 © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-India, Construction Worker, Bombay, 1960

Josef Breitenbach-India, Construction Worker, Bombay, 1960  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust


Josef Breitenbach-  Woman Transformed, New York  1942

Josef Breitenbach- Woman Transformed, New York 1942  © The Josef Breitenbach Trust

 

Josef Breitenbach-Mother with Sick Child, Patan, Nepal,Nepal, Patan, 1968, Gelatin silver print © The Josef Breitenbach Trust.

You can see more on Gitterman Gallery

Des portraits du photographe par des anonymes ici  sur wordpress sur le blog  A la loupe

  Voir les résultats des actions le concernant sur Mutualart

Conseil de lecture  :

Manifesto By Josef Breitenbach , Ed° Nazraeli Press , 2008

Josef Breitenbach: by Josef Breitenbach Photographs and text (in German) by Josef Breitenbach. Essays (in German) by Peter C. Jones, and Others , Published on the occasion of the 1996-1997 exhibition Josef Breitenbach: Photographien at the Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg Halle and the Fotomuseum im Münchner Stadtmuseum, Ed° Schirmer-Mosel, 1996

Munich, Paris, New York Paperback – 2003 by Josef and Paul Berlanga, Exhibit Catalogue, edition Stephen Daiter Gallery, 2003

Josef Breitenbach » by Larisa Dryansky, Editions de l’Amateur, 2001

Cover of the Book "Josef Breitenbach" by Larisa Dryansky,  Editions de l'Amateur, 2001

Cover of the Book « Josef Breitenbach » by Larisa Dryansky, Editions de l’Amateur, 2001

 English Bio

Josef Breitenbach was born on the 3rd of April 1896. He attended Ludwig-Maximillian University in Munich (philosophy and art history, 1914 to 1917) and became active in the Youth Section and later the Pacifist wing of the Social Democratic Party. In 1918, he took part in the Soviet-inspired Bavarian coup d’état, which was the first spark of the revolutionary fire that swept over Germany in the wake of the armistice. For a few months, Breitenbach also occupied an official position in the new government. Although the revolution was short-lived, the ties he forged with the radical circles of Munich’s intelligentsia later helped him establish his reputation as a photographer.

In 1932, Breitenbach opened his first photographic studio. His clients were prominent members of Munich’s bohemia, including actors and actresses performing in the Munich theater. Munich was a stronghold of libertarians and refined people, whose spirit Breitenbach captured in theatrical portraits of his friend, the journalist Theo Riegler. This world vanished in 1933 with Hitler’s takeover.

More than his Jewish roots, the photographer’s political past made him a target for persecution. In August, 1933, with his passport , Breitenbach made his way to France , joining other German exiles seeking refuge in Paris.

The Surrealist “revolution” had by then become dominant in the Parisian art scene. Soon after his arrival, Breitenbach came into contact with André Breton and his circle. Preferring to retain his independence, he never became a member of the Surrealist group, but did show work in important exhibitions of Surrealist photography alongside Man Ray, Jacques-André Boiffard, Brassaï, Eli Lotar, Henri Cartier-Bresson, et Roger Parry.

Breitenbach only lived in Paris for six years, until the war broke out in 1939. During this period, he produced some of his most inventive work. He adopted several techniques favored by new photographers such as superimpression, montage, solarization, printing in negative, and the photogram. More importantly, he was one of the rare artists of the pre-War years to produce color photographs, which he did by using processes of bleaching, toning and pigmentation. Examples are the images “Montparnasse”, or Forever and Ever.

During his years in Paris, he was also an active member of the German exile community, which alerted the democratic world to the threat of fascism. He participated in the 1938 exhibition by the Union des Artistes Allemandes Libres, “Five Years of Hitler Dictatorship”. A high point for Breitenbach was his collaboration with Bertolt Brecht, summarized by portraits of the playwright. The war interrupted this second chapter of the photographer’s life. Interned by the French as a suspicious alien, then drafted into a civilian corps composed of foreigners, Breitenbach eventually escaped to New York from Marseille in 1941.He came to the attention of Walker Evans, who published his work in Fortune. In the summer of 1944, at the invitation of Josef Albers, Breitenbach taught photography at Black Mountain College. In 1946 he became a United States citizen and joined the faculty at Cooper Union and later The New School. Breitenbach continued to create distinctive and innovative work, including a striking group of camera-less photographs. These works hover in the liminal space between Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. The 1950s and 1960s were years of intense activity for Breitenbach. He did photographic reportage in Asia for the United Nations and other varied businesses, documenting relief work. He exhibited his photographs extensively in the United States from the 1940s to the mid-1960s, including at the Museum of Modern Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

I proposed today to browse some facets Josef Breitenbach left us behind. This was mainly the result of the encounter with the Surrealists and accompanied throughout his adventure. Through his portraits, montages , collage, photogram , naked, and some memories , moreover

Albert Rudomine (1892 – 1975) le classicisme retrouvé

Albert Rudomine (1892 – 1975). Wiki.in Photo n°190, July 1983.

Albert Rudomine (1892 – 1975). Wiki.in Photo n°190, July 1983.

Albert Rudomine (1892 – 1975). Wiki.in Photo n°190, July 1983.

Albert Rudomine (1892 – 1975). Wiki.in Photo n°190, July 1983.

Albert Rudomine (1892 – 1975). Wiki.in Photo n°190, July 1983.

Albert Rudomine (1892 – 1975). Wiki.in Photo n°190, July 1983.

 

Yva -Nude with mask,before 1938

Yva – Nude with mask,before 1938

YVA  Else Neuländer Simon Nude with mask, before 1938

YVA Else Neuländer Simon Nude with mask, before 1938

Maurice Beck (1886- 1960)

Maurice Beck (1886- 1960). l était un photographe et designer. Pendant les années 1920, il fût le photographe en chef du Vogue britannique et a créé un certain nombre de couvertures de magazines photographiques.Il a ensuite collaboré avec Helen MacGregor et ont travaillé ensemble dans un studio à Marylebone où ils étaient les principaux photographes deVanity Fair dans le milieu des années 20.Ils avaient une manière toute particulière de « placer » leurs lumières( effet aléatoire d’ombre par exemple)
En 1933, il a conçu une grande affiche de photomontage pour l’Empire Marketing Board.Et dans le milieu des années 30 il conçut plusieurs affiches pour le métro à Londres (1930-1934) [ voir ici] et a continué son travail de photographe en solo. il a à cette période produit de somptueux nus.

Maurice Beck & Helen Macgregor - Miss Laurie Divine In Dance , Little Lady . Mask by Oliver Messel, 1928

Maurice Beck & Helen Macgregor – Miss Laurie Divine In ” Dance , Little Lady ” . Mask by Oliver Messel, 1928

Maurice Beck and MacGregor - Nude, 1925

Maurice Beck and MacGregor – Nude, 1925 ( photomontage)

Maurice Beck. Plongeon-(photogravure). 1933. reprend une partie de la photo de 1925 réalisé avec helen Mac Gregor

Maurice Beck. Plongeon-(photogravure). 1933. reprend une partie de la photo de 1925 réalisé avec helen Mac Gregor ci dessus.

Maurice Beck. Comparaison. Vintage photogravure. c1933._e

Maurice Beck. Comparaison. Vintage photogravure. c1933

Maurice Beck- Etude,Sheet-fed Gravure,1933

 

Maurice beck-La danseuse,1933

Maurice beck-La danseuse,1933

 

Maurice Beck- Nude, ( pose) photogravure, 1933

Maurice Beck- Nude, ( pose) photogravure, 1933

Mario von Bucovich

Mario von Bucovich (16 February 1884 – 30 November 1947) was also known as Marius von Bucovich. He was born at Pula in the Istrian region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and held the title of Baron. His father, August, Freiherr von Bucovich, was a former Corvette Captain in the Austro-Hungarian navy and later an entrepreneur in the railroad concession sector. His mother was Greek.

Despite the wide circulation of his photographs (to the present day) and popularity of his publications (from the 1920s to the 40s), there has been limited interest in Mario von Bucovich in the history of photography, which may reflect a somewhat ungenerous assessment. Although much of his work was conventional, he was a creative and talented photographer. He also took the initiative to produce books of his photographs dedicated to New York and various European cities. In a privately published volume of 1935, intended simultaneously to de-mystify and elevate photography, Bucovich expressed his views on photography and his own practice of the craft. But he reveals almost nothing of a personal nature. Both authors of this article, before learning of each other’s work—coming from German Studies and Jewish Studies, respectively—were struck by the disparity between the quantity and quality of the material legacy of Mario von Bucovich, and the lack of a substantial biography.

He worked primarily in Germany in the 1920s and 30s, as well as traveled to France and England. In his published work he was most noted for his urban studies with a focus on streetscapes, but his studio work undertaken at the Atelier Karl Schenker was often of entertainment personalities of Weimar period stage and screen. Amongst his most notable books were Berlin, Das Gesicht Der Stadt (Berlin, Portrait of a City) and Paris (with a forward by Paul Morand). The Paris book included photos by Germaine Krull. The Berlin book published originally by Albertus Verlag, a publishing house he founded in 1928, had a forward written by the author Alfred Döblin.

He had a base in Berlin during his most productive years between the wars, being linked to the Atelier Schenker. During the late 1920s his photos appeared across the gamut of German photo journalism including the titles: Der Querschnitt, Uhu, Die Dame, Die neue Linie, Das Magazin, Skizzen, Welt-Magazin, Kölnische Illustrierte Zeitung, Revue des Monats, Das Kriminalmagazin, Das Leben, Das Kunstblatt, Farbe und Form, Das deutsche Lichtbild, Deutscher Kamera Almanach, Die Reklame, Der Photo-Freund.

He moved to New York during the 1930s where he worked for a publishing house on 41st Street. In his American period he published two photographic essays, Washington D.C. City Beautiful and Manhattan Magic. A Collection of Eighty-Five Photographs. He moved to Mexico and was working there through at least the early part of that decade, until his death on 30 November 1947 in a traffic accident in Mexico City.

His work was shown at major photography salons of the day, including the Fourth International Exhibition of Pictorial Photography at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, the Third International Exhibition of Pictorial Photography Seattle Camera Club, and the 15th and 16th Annual Pittsburgh Salon of Photographic Art at the Carnegie Institute.

His work is in the collections of the New Orleans Museum of Art, the National Museum of Mexican Art and the National Gallery of Canada.

He photographed Marlene Dietrich and Leni Riefenstahl (in her days as a dancer, preceding her career as a film director). His views of Girona in Spain taken in 1933 were published in the National Geographic magazine. The Berliner Morgenpost in 2009 described him as « one of the great unknown photographers of 20th Century European photography ».

Mario von Bucovich’s wife, Marie, was also a photographer. source wilkipedia

 

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA - Portrait - vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) -Ruth Walker, Danseur, USA – Portrait – vers 1928

Mario von Bucovich -Naakt rencontré masker en werd Berlin 1927 de la bookVoluptuous Panic Le monde érotique de Weimar Berlin, Feral House, 2000. photo courte

Mario von Bucovich -Naakt rencontré masker en werd Berlin 1927 de la bookVoluptuous Panic Le monde érotique de Weimar Berlin, Feral House, 2000. photo courte

Mario Von Bucovich-'Naakt avec un masque "et était Berlin 1927

Mario Von Bucovich-‘Naakt avec un masque « et était Berlin 1927

Mario von Bucovich

Mario von Bucovich

Mario von Bucovich

Mario Buchovich- Reclining nude 1935

Mario Buchovich- Reclining nude 1935 Vintage toned matte gelatin silver print

Mario von Bucovich- Female nude in shoes holding a fur stole. 1927. Vintage toned matte gelatin silver print

Mario de Bucovich- Nude 1927

Mario de Bucovich- Nude 1927

Mario de Bucovich -Repose, Study ,Photoengraving,1935

Mario von Bucovich- Nude, 1920

Mario von Bucovich- Nude, 1920

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) - (1884-1934) - Untitled (Nude), 1920

Mario von Bucovich (Atelier Karl Schenker) – (1884-1934) – Untitled (Nude), 1920

Mario von Bucovich- Nude, 1920

Mario von Bucovich- Nude, 1920

Mario v. Bucovich - Portrait de femme et sculpture, Épreuve argentique, 1928. Ader Nordmann

Mario v. Bucovich – Portrait de femme et sculpture, Épreuve argentique, 1928. Ader Nordmann

Mario de Bucovich - Leni Riefenstahl, Age 25, 1927

Mario de Bucovich – Leni Riefenstahl, Age 25, 1927

Mario von Bucovich- Hilde Zimmermann, la reine de la mode allemande published in Revue Des Monats, Avril 1927

Mario von Bucovich- Hilde Zimmermann, la reine de la mode allemande published in Revue Des Monats, Avril 1927

Mario von Bucovich-Incognito publiée dans la revue Des Monats, Janvier, 1928

Mario von Bucovich-Incognito publiée dans la revue Des Monats, Janvier, 1928

MARIO BUCOVICH – Study of Two Heads, Barcelona , 1935, Photoengraving

MARIO BUCOVICH – Peggy, Barcelona , 1935, Photoengraving

Mario Buchovich- Mrs Mary Booker, London, 1935

Mario Buchovich- Kneeling,Photoengraving,1932

Mario Buchovich- Miss Merle Oberon ,Photoengraving,1935

Mario Buchovich- Nude with Murano Vase ,Photoengraving,1935

Mario Buchovich- Mrs. Mary Booker, London ,Photoengraving,1935

Charlotte Rudolph-Mary Wigman Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

Charlotte Rudolph-Mary Wigman Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

 Charlotte  Rudolph-Mary Wigman  Danse de sorcière .Hexentanz, 1914

Charlotte Rudolph-Mary Wigman Danse de sorcière .Hexentanz, 1914

 Charlotte  Rudolph-Mary Wigman  Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

Charlotte Rudolph-Mary Wigman Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

 Charlotte  Rudolph-Mary Wigman  Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

Charlotte Rudolph-Mary Wigman Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

 Charlotte  Rudolph-Mary Wigman  Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

Charlotte Rudolph-Mary Wigman Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

 Charlotte  Rudolph-Mary Wigman  Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

Charlotte Rudolph-Mary Wigman Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

 Charlotte  Rudolph-Mary Wigman  Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

Charlotte Rudolph-Mary Wigman Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

 Charlotte  Rudolph-Mary Wigman  Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

Charlotte Rudolph-Mary Wigman Danse de sorcière ».Hexentanz, 1914

 

Rudolf Koppitz -The dancer Hedy Pfundmayr

Rudolf Koppitz Hedy Pfundmayr avec le masque l’Electre de Richard Teschner 1930 Tirage argentine

Rudolf Koppitz Hedy Pfundmayr avec le masque l’Electre de Richard Teschner 1930 Tirage argentique

Rudolf Koppitz – Mask, The dancer Hedy Pfundmayr, 1930

Rudolf Koppitz – Maskentanz,1929

Rudolf Koppitz, Hedy Pfundmayr mit Elektra-Maske von Richard Teschner, um 1930

Rudolf Koppitz-The dancer Hedy Pfundmayr , 1930

Rudolf Koppitz - Finger game. The dancer Hedy Pfundmayr 1930 as Elektra. Galerie Kicken Berlin

Rudolf Koppitz – Finger game. The dancer Hedy Pfundmayr 1930 as Elektra. Galerie Kicken Berlin

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- The dancer Hedy Pfundmayr 1930s © Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna

Rudolf Koppitz- The dancer Hedy Pfundmayr 1930s © Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with Elektra-mask. About 1928. Silver gelatin print

Rudolf Koppitz- The dancer Hedy Pfundmayr 1920s © Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna

Rudolf Koppitz- ‘Hedy Pfundmayr mit abgenommener Elektra-Maske von Richard Teschner_, c. 1930 Vintage silver print © Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna

 

Rudolf Koppitz- Hedy Pfundmayr with lace veil. About 1928. About 1928. Silver gelatin print_