Cartes Postales Surréalistes

 

 

Cartes Postales Surréalistes – Série complète des 21 cartes postales de Paul Eluard, Dora Maar, Joan Miró, Salvador Dali, Hans Bellmer, Georges Hugnet, Meret Oppenheim, René Magritte, Jacqueline Breton, Pablo Picasso, Man Ray, Roland Penrose, Yves Tanguy, Marcel Duchamp, Arp, Marcel Jean, Wolgang Paalen, André Breton, Nusch Eluard, Oscar Dominguez, Max Ernst, publiées par Geoges Hugnet en 1937 avec au verso porte l’inscription « La carte postale surréaliste garantie

Oscar Dominguez Ouverture

Wolfgang Paalen A l’échelle du désir

Man Ray : Ce qui nous manque à tous

Salvatore Dali La mélancolie gâteuse des chiens comme une vertigineuse descente en ski

Roland Penrose La Terre en bouteille

René Magritte La solution du rébus

Paul Eluard On tue comme on respire

Pablo Picasso Poisson d’Avril

Meret Oppenheim Ma Gouvernante

Max Ernst Le triomphe de l’Amour

Marcel Duchamp Ampoule contenant 50 cc d’air de Paris

Joan Miro Horaire

Jacqueline Breton Pont du demi-sommeil

Nusch Eluard Bois des Iles

Hans Bellmer Deux demi-soeurs

Hans Arp Côté à ouvrir

Georges Hugnet Au pied de la lettre

Dora Maar : 29, rue d'Astorg

Dora Maar : 29, rue d’Astorg

Marcel Jean Paris à vol d’oiseau

André Breton Poème-objet

 

LA CARTE SURREALISTE, 1937 Série complète de 21 cartes postales éditée

par

Georges Hugnet, imprimée sur fond blanc,
double légende en français et en anglais

Marcel Duchamp : Ampoule contenant 50 cc
d’air de Paris

André Breton : Poème-objet

Max Ernst : Le triomphe de l’Amour

Paul Eluard : On tue comme on respire

Dora Maar : 29, rue d’Astorg

Joan Miro : Horaire

Salvatore Dali : La mélancolie gâteuse des
chiens comme une vertigineuse descente en
ski

Man Ray : Ce qui nous manque à tous

Hans Bellmer : Deux demi-soeurs

Oscar Dominguez : Ouverture

Yves Tanguy : Le marchand de sable

Georges Hugnet : Au pied de la lettre

Hans Arp : Côté à ouvrir

Meret Oppenheim : Ma Gouvernante

René Magritte : La solution du rébus

Jacqueline Breton : Pont du demi-sommeil

Roland Penrose : La Terre en bouteille

Marcel Jean : Paris à vol d’oiseau

Wolfgang Paalen : A l’échelle du désir

Nusch Eluard : Bois des Iles

Pablo Picasso : Poisson d’Avril

 

Katsuji Fukuda

« Fukuda Katsuji was born in 1899. Except for a few years after the Great Kanto Earthquake when he was trying to establish his career in places such as Nakanoseki, Sakai, Hiroshima and Osaka, Fukuda spent his long life working in Tokyo.

After returning to Tokyo for good in 1933, Fukuda had a successful career in advertising photography, specializing in still lifes and nudes with modernist influences, as well as authoring practical books on photography. A series of photographs in Asahi Camera in 1936 featuring portraits of Setsuko Hara and Takako Irie were very popular and led to his first photobooks of women.

After the war Fukuda was one of the first prominent photographers to experiment with color and continued to publish collections of nude studies and books on technique. However his emphasis on the aesthetics of beauty made his work seem old-fashioned during the postwar wave of realism led by Ken Domon and the trends that followed. In 1974 he was not among the 100 living photographers profiled by Camera Mainichi.

However, in 1979 his contribution to the famed Sonorama Shashin Sensho, « Psalm » led to reassessments of his contributions. In the afterword of Psalm, Akira Hasegawa pointed out that « …there are no photographers of women in Japan even today who have not been influenced by Fukuda in one way or another. Many techniques commonly used today were developed by Fukuda, a fact which has been forgotten. »

Fukuda continued working in his old age, long enough to see the increasing estimations of his work that has continued to this day. Now he is often anthologized in collections of Modernist and mid-century works. » text From the catalogue A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Lapetitemelancolie6 janvier 2013,  les articles avec la date sont sauvegardés sur archives.orgKatsuji Fukuda -Shell of Light, 1949 From the catalogue A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda -Shell of Light, 1949 From the catalogue A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda -Shell of Light, 1949 From the catalogue A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda -Shell of Light, 1949

Katsuji Fukuda –Shell of Light, 1949 ( detail)

Katsuji Fukuda - Untitled Nude,1951

Katsuji Fukuda – Untitled Nude,1951 From the catalogue A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- nude , 1946 From A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- nude , 1946 From A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- Nude, 1951. A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- Nude, 1951. A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- Nude, 1956 from A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- Nude, 1956 from A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- Untitled,1948 From A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- Untitled,1948 From A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- nude with flower, 1946 From A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- nude with flower, 1946 From A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- Nude, 1951. A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- Nude, 1951. A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- 3 nude From A Solitary Modernist Photographer Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

Katsuji Fukuda- 3 nudes From « A Solitary Modernist Photographer » Katsuji Fukuda Exhibition catalogue. Japan Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1994

************

Katsuji Fukuda nude from the book Hana to Rafu to - Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Katsuji Fukuda nude from the book Hana to Rafu to – Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Katsuji Fukuda nude from the book Hana to Rafu to - Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Katsuji Fukuda nude from the book Hana to Rafu to – Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Katsuji Fukuda nude from the book Hana to Rafu to - Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Katsuji Fukuda nude from the book Hana to Rafu to – Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Katsuji Fukuda nude from the book Hana to Rafu to - Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Katsuji Fukuda nude from the book Hana to Rafu to – Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Fukuda Katsuku - untitled from the book Hana to Rafu to - Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 19473

Fukuda Katsuku – untitled from the book Hana to Rafu to – Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Fukuda Katsuku - untitled from the book Hana to Rafu to - Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

Fukuda Katsuku – untitled from the book Hana to Rafu to – Nude et Fleur Japan, Ivuningusuta-sha (Evening Star Sha), 1947

****************

Katsuji Fukuda-Onna no utsushikata -, 1937 from the book Photokunst von Frauen) - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS,

Katsuji Fukuda-Onna no utsushikata -, 1937 from the book  – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Katsuji Fukuda-portrait-, 1937 from the book How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Katsuji Fukuda-portrait-, 1937 from the book How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Katsuji Fukuda-portrait cover , 1937 from the book Photokunst von Frauen – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Katsuji Fukuda- portrait cover , 1937 from the book Photokunst von Frauen – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku 1937 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku 1937 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1937 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1937 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Katsuji Fukuda-Gheisha , 1937 from the book How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Katsuji Fukuda-Gheisha , 1937 from the book How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1937 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1937 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

*********************

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS 7

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku -Portrait from 1939 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Fukuda Katsuku - 1939 from the book - How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS 8

Fukuda Katsuku – 1939 from the book – How to Photograph Women. Japan ARS

Erwin Blumenfeld, Self-Portrait in the Studio (9 rue Delambre), Paris, 1937

Erwin Blumenfeld, Self-Portrait in the Studio (9 rue Delambre), Paris, 1937

 

Erwin Blumenfeld – Série Wet Silk (modèle Marguerite von Sivers), Paris, 1937

 

Erwin Blumenfeld trouvé la célébrité en 1938 avec la publication de 14 photographies de nus sensationnels dans le premier numero de Verve magazine, en voici quelques une. Il y présentera aussi des clichés de l’atelier de A. Maillol par exemple.

20131008-143625.jpg

Erwin Blumenfeld- Nude Under Wet Silk, Paris, circa 1937

Erwin Blumenfeld - Nude under Wet Silk, Paris, 1939

Erwin Blumenfeld – Nude under Wet Silk, Paris, 1937

20131008-144422.jpg

Erwin Blumenfeld- Nude Under Wet Silk, Paris, circa 1937

20131008-144239.jpg

Erwin Blumenfeld- Nude Under Wet Silk, Paris, circa 1937

Erwin Blumenfeld6 Nude Wet, published in The Coronet Magazine, March 1938, taken in 1937

Erwin Blumenfeld-   Wet Silk, published in The Coronet Magazine, March 1938, taken in 1937

20131008-143920.jpg

Erwin Blumenfeld- Wet Silk published in The Coronet Magazine, March 1938, taken in 1937

20131008-143813.jpg

Erwin Blumenfeld- Legs and Wet Silk (Solarization) Paris, Circa 1937

Erwin Blumenfeld -Marguerite von Sivers sur le toit du studio 9, rue Delambre, Paris, 1937

Erwin Blumenfeld -Marguerite von Sivers sur le toit du studio 9, rue Delambre, Paris, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Enchanting Beauty, 1937 est un livre réunissant un très grands nombres des travaux de Johnston sur le nu (en dehors des Ziegfeld  girls). Elles sont toutes datées de 1937, (date de parution du livre), mais elles ont étaient prisent entre les années 1920 et 1937. Un exemplaire a été offert au superbe site , Historical Ziegfeld  . Malheureusement  le livre offert par AJC au group Historical est taché ( probablement un verre renversé sur le livre)  sur toutes les pages comme Ici, ce qui gâche vraiment les photos. Pourtant il comporte de très rares photographies de la danseuse Tilly Loch, ( 7 ou 8), nue, ce qui est extrêmement rare. Possédant un exemplaire je vous le propose aujourd’hui.

J’ai alterné planche entière du livre avec no de page et photo  afin que l’on se rende compte de l’agencement , l’encadrement et du format réel des photographies. la teinte est sepia un peu jaunie par le temps.. je n’ai pas mis toutes les photos, il y en a trois fois plus… Je ne les poste pas dans l’ordre du livre, et je vois en les téléchargeant que je n’ai pas noté toutes les pages, je m’en excuse.

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 (3)

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 (3)

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney 2 plates , Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937

 

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Nude, 1937from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Nude, 1937from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Nude, 1937from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Nude, 1937from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Nude, 1937from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 (2)

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Nude, 1937from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Nude, 1937 from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 (2)

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Nude, 1937 from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston- Nude study , 1937from Enchanting Beauty, 1937p 44

Alfred Cheney Johnston- Nude study , 1937from Enchanting Beauty, 1937p 44

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 71

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p71

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Female nude study, 1937p74

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Female nude study, 1937 p74

 

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 69 BON

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p69

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Female nude study, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Female nude study, 1937

 

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 76

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p76

Alfred Cheney Johnston- Nude study , from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p35

Alfred Cheney Johnston- Nude study , from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p35

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 58

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p58

 

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 52

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937p 52

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937p 10

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937p 10

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 331

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p87

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p87

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Loch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Loch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937p62

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937p62

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p68

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p68

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p61

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p61

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

 

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 9

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 9

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 7

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 7

Alfred Cheney Johnston - from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston – from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston - from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p33

Alfred Cheney Johnston – from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p33

Alfred Cheney Johnston - from Enchanting Beauty, 1937p 12

Alfred Cheney Johnston – from Enchanting Beauty, 1937p 12

Alfred Cheney Johnston - from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 (2)

Alfred Cheney Johnston – from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 51

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 51

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 42

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 42

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 38

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 38

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 22

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 22

 

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 06

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 06

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 5

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 5

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Anne (nude with pearls), 1920sfrom Enchanting Beauty, 1937_e

Alfred Cheney Johnston -Anne (nude with pearls), 1920sfrom Enchanting Beauty, 1937_e

Alfred Cheney Johnston- Nude , 1937p 70

Alfred Cheney Johnston- Nude , 1937p 70

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p50

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p50

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 77_e

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 77_e

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 66

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 66

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 65

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 65

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 31_e

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 31_e

Alfred Cheney Johnston - Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 7

Alfred Cheney Johnston – Model tilly Losch, from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 7

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p57

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p57

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p29

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p29

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 90

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 90

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 86

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 86

Alfred Cheney Johnston - from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p33

Alfred Cheney Johnston – from Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p33

 

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 79

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 79

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 69

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 69

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 59

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 59

Alfred Cheney Johnston - from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston – from Enchanting Beauty, 1937

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 53

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 53

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 79

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 79

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p41 (2)

Alfred Cheney Johnston Enchanting Beauty, 1937 p41

Nusch Eluard- Collages Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

« C’est l’expert américain du surréalisme Timothy Baum qui a découvert la supercherie : 6 collages référencés par les ayants droits du poète Paul Eluard avaient été attribués au poète. Or Timothy Baum dans les années 70 achète dans une vente aux enchères  trois de ces collages. Et là, après les avoir examinés à la loupe, il découvre la signature de Nusch. Il prévient aussitôt les éditions Gallimard et tous les experts du surréalisme pour signaler sa découverte. Obsédé par sa découverte géniale, il met la main sur 3 autres collages signés Nusch. Ainsi met-il à jour la petite oeuvre d’une artiste éphémère, Nusch Eluard.

Les Collages de Nusch Eluard datent de 1937. ( mais sont souvent datés des années précédentes car tout d’abord attribués à Paul Eluard , variant de 1930 à 1936). Nusch est alors dépressive. Eluard s’en inquiète auprès des amis. Nusch sollicite l’aide d’un médecin qui lui conseille d’écrire… Impossible, lui dit-elle, son mari est poète. C’est à lui que revient le talent de l’écriture. Elle n’avoue sans doute pas que l’écriture n’est pas pour elle un exercice facile. Elle commet de nombreuses fautes d’orthographe. Nusch est d’origine allemande et n’a guère fréquenté l’école. C’est Picasso, son confident qui va la guider vers le collage. Le collage est une technique artistique très appréciée par les Surréalistes et Eluard adore çà. Il en achète et il en produit lui-même. Avec Georges Hugnet, maitre incontesté du collage surréaliste, et ami intime du couple, Nusch est à « bonne école ».

Les Collages de Nusch constituent une oeuvre, composée en quelques jours, achevée, mais jamais poursuivie par l’artiste comme si la création des 5 collages avait fait oeuvre de thérapie, ce que recherchait la jolie Nusch. » C. Vieuille Pour Ed° Arte Littera.

[ Rappel pour voir les photos en taille optimale les ouvrir dans un autre onglet ou page, sinon elles restent formatée à 549 pixels…]

Nusch Éluard – Collage, ca. 1937 Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

Nusch Éluard – Photo Collage, ca. 1937 Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

Nusch Eluard- Bois des Iles, Precious woods, Photo-collage c. 1937 Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

Nusch Eluard- Bois des Iles, Precious woods, Photo-collage c. 1937 Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

 

Nusch Éluard – Collage, ca. 1936 Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

Nusch Éluard – Collage, ca. 1936 Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

Nusch Éluard – Photo-collage c. 1937.Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

Nusch Éluard – Photo-collage c. 1937.Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

 

Nusch Éluard – Collage, ca. 1937 Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

Nusch Éluard – Collage, ca. 1937 Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

Nusch Éluard – Photo-collage c. 1937.Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

Nusch Éluard – Photo-collage c. 1937.Collection of Timothy Baum, New York.

 

Support pour collage Nusch Éluard – Collage, ca. 1936

Support pour collage Nusch Éluard – Unknown- Theatical outdoor nude, pose, 1925s, Germany

Vous pouvez vous les procurer Ici sous format Pdf, ou dans un livre avec d’autres collages de surréalistes de grand nom

František Vobecký (1902 – 1991)

« A strong wave of Surrealism hit Czechoslovakia in the 1930’s, and Frantisek Vobecky (1902-1991), a painter who used photography to document his images, got caught up in it. He began to explore photomontage in 1935. His early assemblages were of items with logical connections, like the pins, cloth and string in  »Composition » (1935). But logic was soon supplanted by fantasy. Light, shadows (particularly those cast by items outside of the picture) and disparate objects were juxtaposed in dreamy arrangements that often had an erotic component.

A striking one is  »A Melancholic Day » (1936), in which a morose looking part of a face (the brow, eye and nose) shares a cloudy ground with a silver spoon, a large floating drape of black cloth, the carefully coiffed back of a woman’s head, a small nosegay and a tiny round table. A perhaps more celebratory arrangement is  »The Errant Equestrian » (1936), in which a cutout image of a ballet dancer, tutu flaring, is poised on the back of a horse, against a background of grassy rocks. A nearby candlestick sprouts a phallic flower.

Of more interest though are works by Vobecky’s Surrealist contemporaries Jindrich Styrsky (1899-1942) and Jindrich Heisler (1914-1953), which appear in a companion show,  »Czech Avant-Garde. » Unlike Vobecky’s, Styrsky’s images were taken directly from life, but he managed to find the offbeat and quixotic at every turn. A dead-white Japanese mask hanging near a ceiling and a beatific-looking nude mannequin without arms are two that stand out.

Heisler, who hid from the Nazis in Prague for five years, somehow managed — with little in the way of photographic materials — to turn out searing  »photographiques. » On light-sensitive glass plates, he poured rubber cement, then manipulated it into shapes. The plates were exposed to light to make  »camera-less » images. One, from a 1944 cycle titled  »De la Meme Farine » (roughly,  »cut from the same cloth »), shows three groping humanoid figures in a devastated landscape. It is an affecting image.  » by  Grace Glueck the New-York Time

 

František Vobecký (1902 - 1991) Flood, 1936

František Vobecký Flood, 1936

František Vobecký- Tanec, (Dance) 1932

František Vobecký- Tanec, (Dance) 1932

František Vobecký- Untitled,

František Vobecký- Untitled,

František Vobecký- melancholický den (Melancholy Day) 1936

František Vobecký- melancholický den (Melancholy Day) 1936

František Vobecký - untitled, 1936.

František Vobecký- Untitled, 1936

František Vobecký -  Künstliches Paradies, 1936

František Vobecký – Künstliches Paradies, 1936

František Vobecký - Composition, 1936

František Vobecký – Composition, 1936

František Vobecký -  The Moment of Miracles (OKAMžIK ZÁZRAKŮ) 1936.

František Vobecký – The Moment of Miracles (OKAMžIK ZÁZRAKŮ) 1936.

František Vobecký - Notions collage, 1935-36

František Vobecký– Notions collage, 1935/36

František Vobecký - The Ernest Equestrienne , 1936-1937

František Vobecký – The Errant Equestrienne , 1936

František Vobecký- Girl in Flowers , 1936

František Vobecký- Girl in Flowers , 1936

František Vobecký -  A Melancholic Day, 1936 photomontage

František Vobecký – A Melancholic Day, 1936 photomontage

František Vobecký -  After the Low Tide, 1936 photomontage

František Vobecký-After the Low Tide, 1936 ( via Ubu Gallery)

František Vobecký - untitled,

František Vobecký – untitled,

František Vobecký-Flower with nude, 1970

František Vobecký-Flower with nude, 1970