Oscar Gustave Rejlander

Oscar Gustave Rejlander (1813-1875) was part of a generation of radical, young photographers working in the 19th century. Rejlander was also an important pioneer of photomontage, a technique that was later embraced by artists as well as photographers. Photomontage has been used by some of the most influential artists of the 20th century. It is a stylistic element that has been utilised by movements that include the Russian avant-garde, Cubism, Futurism, Surrealism, Pop Art, and that continues to be popular among many contemporary artists.

Rejlander was born in Sweden and is widely regarded as the ‘father of art photography’. Rejlander received his general education in Sweden, and studied painting and sculpture in Rome. After considerable travel he settled in England, where from 1853 he practiced photography. Rejlander rejected contemporary conceptions of photography as a scientific or technical medium. In his efforts to elevate photography to the status of a fine art, he made photographs that imitated painting. He looked to the example of the Old Masters for their use of composition and pose, and often set up his own elaborate compositions in his studio. In many of his works he sought painterly effects by combining and superimposing several negatives to make one print, resulting in a final image that moved beyond the results achieved by traditional photography printing techniques. Rejlander was well known for his ability to capture an emotion or sentiment in his work. A series of photographs of facial expressions and gestures made by Rejlander was used by Charles Darwin in his Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872).

Although he enjoyed a period of critical acclaim, Rejlander died impoverished. However, his influence extended for decades in the form of increasingly frequent debates regarding the merits of pictorialism, painterly effects and the value of more sharply detailed work. A large collection of Rejlander’s work is currently on display at The National Media Museum, Bradford.

Oscar G. Rejlander- Two Ways of Life, 1857

Oscar G. Rejlander- Two Ways of Life, 1857

Oscar Gustave Rejlander- Reclining female nude artists’ study, dorsal’, 1857,

Oscar Gustave Rejlander- Reclining female nude artists’ study, dorsal’, 1857

Oscar Gustave Rejlander Draped nude on animal-skin rug, 1855s

Oscar Gustave Rejlander Draped nude on animal-skin rug, 1855s

Oscar Gustave Rejlander, Untitled, c 1864

Oscar Gustave Rejlander, Untitled, c 1864

Oscar Gustave Rejlander Woman reading a letter , Wolverhampton 1860

Oscar Gustave Rejlander Woman reading a letter , Wolverhampton 1860

Oscar Gustave Rejlander- Woman with black lace veil 1860

Oscar Gustave Rejlander- Woman with black lace veil 1860

Oscar Gustave Rejlander- The Goddess Nicotina, 1856-59

Oscar Gustave Rejlander- The Goddess Nicotina, 1856-59

Oscar Gustav Rejlander -  The Dream, 1860

Oscar Gustav Rejlander – The Dream, 1860

Oscar Gustav Rejlander - Hard Times, 1860

Oscar Gustav Rejlander – Hard Times, 1860

Oscar Gustav Rejlander -Two Ways of Life, 1957 (print 1920s)

Oscar Gustav Rejlander -Two Ways of Life, 1857 (print 1920s)

Rude Britannnia – Oscar Gustave Rejlander from Henry Lambourne on Vimeo.

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George Hendrik Breitnert (1857-1923)

George Hendrik Breitner (1857-1923) photographiait des modèles nus pour ses peintures. Bien qu’il ne fût pas un photographe professionnel, Breitner est toujours considéré comme l’un des précurseurs de la photographie néerlandaise moderne.

George_Hendrik_Breitner ( Bio – anglais)

George Hendrik Breitner, Marie Jordan 1890-1910

George Hendrik Breitner, Marie Jordan 1890-1910

 

George Hendrik Breitner Marie Jordan naakt op de rug gezien, 1890. Gelatin silver print

George Hendrik Breitner Marie Jordan naakt op de rug gezien, 1890. Gelatin silver print

George Hendrik Breitner, Nu allongé, 1988

George Hendrik Breitner, Nu allongé, 1888 (Photo  Collection RKD (Institut néerlandais pour Histoire de l’Art), La Haye)

 

 George Hendrik Breitner Lying naked. Gelatin silver print, printed in sepia

George Hendrik Breitner Lying naked. Gelatin silver print, printed in sepia, 1889-1915

 George Hendrik Breitner- NUde 1890-1910 . Gelatin silver print

George Hendrik Breitner- NUde 1890-1910 . Gelatin silver print

George Hendrik Breitner (1857-1923)- Sans titre, 1900_

George Hendrik Breitner (1857-1923) – Sans titre, 1900 (Gemeentemuseum)

George Hendrik Breitner-Study naked with two women ( Naaktstudie met twee vrouwen ) , 1889-1915 [ modern print from negative]

George Hendrik Breitner-Study naked with two women ( Naaktstudie met twee vrouwen ) , 1889-1915 [ modern print from negative]

George Hendrik Breitner - Nu assis, 1889-1915

George Hendrik Breitner – Nu assis, 1889-1915

George Hendrik Breitner - Nu couché, 1889-1915

George Hendrik Breitner – Nu couché, 1889-1915

George Hendrik Breitner,Portrait d'une femme nue dans le miroir avec le reflet de Breitner , 1890-1910

George Hendrik Breitner,Portrait d’une femme nue dans le miroir avec le reflet de Breitner , 1890-1910  (Photo courtesy of Collection RKD (Netherlands Institute for Art History), The Hague)

George Hendrik Breitner - untitled Nu couché, c. 1890 - c. 1910

George Hendrik Breitner untitled Nu couché, c. 1890 – c. 1910 imprimé plus tard par Harm Botman (Photo Collection RKD (Institut néerlandais pour Histoire de l’Art), La Haye)

 George Hendrik Breitner Meisje in kimono (Geesje Kwak), 1893. Gelatin silver print

George Hendrik Breitner Meisje in kimono (Geesje Kwak), 1893. Gelatin silver print (Institut néerlandais pour Histoire de l’Art), La Haye)

 

George Hendrik Breitner Meisje in kimono (Geesje Kwak), 1893. Gelatin silver print toned sepia

George Hendrik Breitner Meisje in kimono (Geesje Kwak), 1893. Gelatin silver print toned sepia (Institut néerlandais pour Histoire de l’Art), La Haye)

 

George Breitner Geesje Kwak in a kimono. 1893. Gelatin silver print Rijksmuseum coll.

George Breitner Geesje Kwak in a kimono. 1893. Gelatin silver print Rijksmuseum coll. (Institut néerlandais pour Histoire de l’Art), La Haye)

 

George Hendrik Breitnert (1857-1923) - sans titre, 1900, imprimé en 1974, par AB Osterholt

George Hendrik Breitnert (1857-1923) – sans titre, 1900, imprimé en 1974, par AB Osterholt

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