Libor Fára (1925-1988) was Painter, graphic artist, typographer and set designer.His graduated from the Academy of Applied Arts in Prague in the studio of Emil Filla in the second half of the 1940s, developing his artistic opinion in the circle of the Prague Surrealists. Fára’s oeuvre is characteristic of a clearly defined polarity between improvisation and order, while inclining to magical Abstraction with a strong touch of aesthetics. The main fields of Fára’s interest were collages, assemblages and objects as well as photography. During the 1950s, Fára participated at various activities of artists, writers and theoreticians from the circle of Karel Teige. Even though his works, based on poetic construction were not created spontaneously, they recollect the production of the Fluxus movement. During the 1960s, Fára collaborated with the Prague theater Na Zábradlí for which he created many timeless stage designs and posters. Later he, however, withdrew from public life and ceased exhibiting; he rather focused on collages and large-dimensional assemblages composed of corroded metal sheets. Member of the group Máj (May; since the year 1957). Over the years 1963 – 1979 created twenty film posters. He focused on stage production after his studies, and he distinguished in it. He cooperated with E.F. Burian theatre from 1953, between 1962 and 68 with theatre Na Zabradli, from 1969 mostly with Cinoherni klub. First painting inspiration of surrealism (Deux visages, 1945) Fara slowly transfered to poetic absurdity, which he realised by collage technique or assemblage. He belongs to founder of Czech action stage design. He is well know because of designs for Jarry´s King Ubu (1964), Waiting for Godot (1965), Cechov´s The Kirschgarten and Hrabal´s Gentle Barbar (1981). He designed the cover and graphic for magazine Theatre between 1958–1970, he participate on graphic layouts of almost all important publications about theatre.
« Mucha began to take photographs in the early 1880s, probably in Vienna, with a borrowed camera. It was not until he had gained some recognition in Paris and sufficient funds that he purchased his first camera. Mucha’s photographic output grew dramatically after his move to a large studio in the rue du Val de Grâce in 1896. In the new studio, where he had considerably more light thanks to large windows and a glass ceiling, he photographed on a virtually daily basis.
Between 1896 and the early 1900s Mucha made a remarkable series of photographs of the models posing for him. The use of photography as an inexpensive medium for preliminary studies was common among Mucha’s Parisian contemporaries. However, Mucha’s photographs are more than just an alternative to sketches because they also capture the inimitable atmosphere of Mucha’s studio – a world of art in its own right. It was in his studio that that Mucha entertained countless Parisian artists, writers and musicians. It was also the setting for one of the earliest cinematic projections given by the Lumière brothers, whom Mucha had met in 1895, and for psychic experiments with Camille Flammarion and Albert de Rochas. In the background of the studies of models, examples of Mucha’s work may be seen, surrounded by his collection of objets d’art, books and furniture, many of which survive to this day.
The majority of Mucha’s Parisian photographs were not taken for a specific project – he preferred to improvise a number of poses in front of the camera, creating an archive of variants from which he could select what he considered most suitable for the subject of each new commission. However, some photographs were obviously directed, with his friends and models posing as characters for book illustration. Later this practice grew into a part of his experimentation with his models to express his philosophical ideas through theatrical poses and gestures.
Mucha’s theatrical approach culminated in his preparatory work for the Slav Epic canvases. Before working on each canvas Mucha produced numerous staged photographs documenting costumed models posing under his ‘theatre’ directions. From these photographs he selected appropriate images and synthesised them to create a complicated historical event on a single canvas. Although the images were intended as studies for his final paintings, Mucha’s approach to image-making has much in common with filmmaking.
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